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Elements of a Story
Transcript of Elements of a Story
Setting is the “where and when” of a story.
It is the time and place during which the story takes place
Where is the main setting of "Cinderella"?
Protagonist and antagonist are used to describe characters.
The protagonist is the main character of the story, the one with whom the reader identifies. This person is not necessary “good”.
The antagonist is the force in opposition of the protagonist; this person may not be “bad” or “evil”, but he/she opposes the protagonist in a significant way
The Functions of a
Setting, Characters, Plot, Conflict, Resolution, Point of View, Theme
Elements of a Story
Time of day
Time of year
-To create a mood or atmosphere
-To show a reader a different way of life
-To make action seem more real
-To be the source of conflict or struggle
-To symbolize an idea
Parts of a Plot:
- introduction; characters, setting and conflict (problem) are introduced
- events that occur as result of central conflict
- highest point of interest or suspense of a story
- tension eases; events show the results of how the main character begins to resolve the conflict
- loose ends are tied up; the conflict is solved
Suspense- excitement, tension, curiosity
Foreshadowing- hint or clue about what will happen in story
Flashback- interrupts the normal sequence of events to tell about something that happened in the past
Symbolism – use of specific objects or images to represent ideas
Personification – when you make a thing, idea or animal do something only humans do
Surprise Ending - conclusion that reader does not expect
Special Techniques used in a Story
Conflict is a problem that must be solved; an issue between the protagonist and antagonist forces.
It forms the basis of the plot.
Conflicts can be external or internal
outside force may be person, group, animal, nature, or a nonhuman obstacle
- takes place in a character’s mind
First Person Point of View- a character from the story is telling the story; uses the pronouns “I” and “me”
Third Person Point of View- an outside narrator is telling the story; uses the pronouns “he”, “she”, “they”
Types of Third-Person Point of View
The narrator knows the thoughts and feelings on only ONE character in a story.
The narrator knows the thoughts and feeling of ALL the characters in a story.
The theme is the central, general message, the main idea, the controlling topic about life or people the author wants to get across through a literary work
To discover the theme of a story, think big. What big message is the author trying to say about the world in which we live?
What is this story telling me about how life works, or how people behave?
The practical lesson ( moral) that we learn from a story after we read it.
Example: The lesson or teaching of the story is be careful when you’re offered something for nothing.
The person, animals, and things
participating in a story
It is the feeling that the author tries to convey throughout the story. The atmosphere or emotional condition created by the piece, within the setting.
Does the author want the reader to be frightened or sad, or does the story make the reader laugh and think happy thoughts?
To figure out mood, examine how you feel while reading the story. Often mood is conveyed by the story’s setting.