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Transcript of Week 6
Pronounced line and color; increased value contrasts.
Aesthetically inspired by children's art, unschooled artists and tribal arts.
Woodcuts, lithographs and posters.
Started in Germany before WWI.
Importance of symbolic content.
Rejection of military, educational and governmental authority.
Empathy for the poor and social outcasts.
New social order and improved human condition. Originated in Dresden in 1905.
Believed in transforming their subject matter until it conveyed their own unexpressed feelings.
Käthe Schmidt Kollwitz (1867-1945)
Married to a physician who ran a Berlin working-class clinic
Documented the suffering of the working poor. Originated in Munich 1911
Redefined art as not having subject matter, but perceptual properties that were able to convey feelings. Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)
Russian born artist, founding member of The Blue Rider
Wrote "Concerning the Spiritual in Art" (1910)
Compared color and form to music in its ability to express emotion. Paul Klee (1879-1940)
Swiss born artist, founding member of The Blue Rider
Inspired by children's and naive art
Translated his subject matter into strong graphic signs and symbols The Fate of The Animals by Franz Marc The Blank Signature, 1965
René Magritte A cultural movement in the 1920’s known for works of art and writing.
Uses elements of surprise.
Many surrealist artists and writers are known to refer their work as an expression of the philosophical movement.
Surrealism affected the visual arts, literature, film, and music of many countries as well as political thought and practice, philosophy and social theory. The Elephant Celebes, 1921
Max Ernst Derived from Dada activities and a group of French writers and poets from the journal “Littérature" Andre Breton was the founder of the word Surrealism; felt that it was a revolutionary movement. It entered the Paris scene in 1924 looking for “more real than real world behind the real” Dictionary: Surrealism, n. Pure psychic automatism,
by which one proposes to express, either verbally,
in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning
of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all
control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and
Encyclopedia: Surrealism. Philosophy.
Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of
certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the
omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought.
It tends to ruin once and for all other psychic mechanisms
and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal
problems of life. Surrealist Manifesto- Created by Brenton, the first issue was completed in 1924. It was a completion of information on Surrealism, including definitions on purposes of the group, influences, and examples of work. oSurrealist Manifesto- Created by Brenton, the first issue was completed in 1924. It was a completion of information on Surrealism, including definitions on purposes of the group, influences, and examples of work. Famous
Surrealists Salvador Dali Rene Magritte Yves Tanguy Joan Miro Max Ernst Giorgio de Chirico Les Fauves
(the Wild Beasts) Les Fauves (French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early 20th century Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong colour over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism. The paintings of the Fauves were characterised by seemingly wild brush work and strident colours, while their subject matter had a high degree of simplification and abstraction. Henri Matisse, The Young Sailor II, 1906 While Fauvism as a style began around 1900 and continued beyond 1910, the movement as such lasted only three years, 1905–1907, and had three exhibitions. The leaders of the movement were Henri Matisse and André Derain. Other artists included: Albert Marquet, Charles Camoin, Louis Valtat, the Belgian painter Henri Evenepoel, Maurice Marinot, Jean Puy, Maurice de Vlaminck, Alfred Maurer, Henri Manguin, Raoul Dufy, Othon Friesz, Georges Rouault, the Dutch painter Kees van Dongen, the Swiss painter Alice Bailly, and Georges Braque (subsequently Picasso's partner in Cubism). Gustave Moreau was the movement's inspirational teacher. Matisse said about him, "He did not set us on the right roads, but off the roads. He disturbed our complacency."