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The world of the theatre

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Giorgia Gibellini

on 27 May 2014

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Transcript of The world of the theatre

The world of the theatre
The firt plays
Permanent playhouse
Buildt by James Burbage at first, a carpenter by trade, the first was
The Theatre (1577)
, after that The Courtain.Permanent playhouse were located in Southwork, near the river Thames. Other famous playhose are:
The scenary
First there wasn't a curtain which separated the actors from the audience like now and there wasn't a real scenary, usually the time of the day or the place were indicated by a signboard or some props.
Because of they couldn't use electric light plays were held on afternoon, in about 2 or 3 o' clock, so they could use sunlight.
Actors were really busy man because they had little time for long preparations. Girls could't play at the time so little boys plays female roles, untill 1660.

Its origin came from classical Greece, where this world meant "to watch". It is made ​​up of various elements:
A playwright or dramatist
The play
The stage
A director
There may also be music
Inside the theatre
Theatres were usually circular or octagonal, the richest spectator were sat in the roofed galleries while the poorest people were in the yard, stood (
high of the theatres -> 12m
diameter of the theatres -> 25m
The theatre was divided in many areas:
Apron stage, where the play was represented mostly.
Trap door, used for apparitions and disappearances.
Tiring house, where the actors changed their attire ( very rich and well done).
Inner stage, hidden by a curtain when it wasn't used it usually was necessary to represent hidden place.
Upper stage, usually used by the musicians or to represent particular scenes.
If a play was on the flag was out!
The Rose
The Swan
The Globe
The cost of the lower ticket was in about a penny (pit) while galleries ticket were really expansive, 6 pence each ticket!
Shakespeare's troupe at the time of Elizabeth reign was called "The Chamberlains man" but when the queen died they changed their name in "The King's man".
solemn style
characters are never common people
about human emotion and situation
unhappy ending, usually a character die
"war" between the protagonist and the society
ordinary characters
unlikely coincideces
the plot it's usually based on love
happy ending
reconciliation between the protagonist and the society
Shakesperian plays are divided in 5 acts:
Resolving of the difficulties
Each act it's composed by 5 scenes.
Sometimes tragedies are introduced by a prologue spoken by the chorus or a single character.
Plot = story-line
Setting = Place & time represented on scene
Stage directions = instructions by the playwright
Characters -> always includes
a hero
a heroine
an antagonist
Cast = more characters
They can also be the same person (Shakespeare's palys)
Stories taken from the lifes of the saints
Dealt with events narrated in the Bible
The name "mistery" was choosen because the plays were performed by people of different trades.
Morality plays
used to coveyed to an illetterate audience the message of the Bible.
Characters are symbols of vices & virtues.
Disputes questions of morality within the framework of the Christian dogma.
The most important Morality play is
When? Middle Ages, religious festivities.
Where? Inside Churches.
Who? Choir & a priest.
What? Stories from the Bible.
How? Sang in Latin between the choir & a priest
As the form developed the various guilds were given charge of individual scenes on movable stages ->
the pageants
Miracle & Mistery plays
If a play was on the flag was flying
Edited by Gibellini Giorgia.
Sources: Only Connect...New Directions Edizione blu, publishing house "Lingue Zanichelli", authors Marina Spiazzi & Marina Tavella.
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