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Colonial Pennsylvania

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Erin Jennifer David

on 24 November 2014

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Transcript of Colonial Pennsylvania

Roots of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania was founded in March of 1682 by William Penn. The year it became a Royal Colony is unknown. Pennsylvania was also named after William Penn and the word "sylvania" which is Latin for "forest".
Geographical Pennsylvania
Key Founding Fathers
Why was Pennsylvania Colonized?
First European Contact with Native Americans
Colonial Pennsylvania is located in the Northeast and borders West Virginia, Ohio, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, and Delaware. It has a longitude of 77 44.8'W and latitude of 40 53.8'N.
Pennsylvania has a generally humid continental climate. The most rich and fertile soil is found in southeastern Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania's most major lake is Lake Erie located in the Northwestern part of Pennsylvania. Some of Pennsylvania's major rivers are the Allegheny River, Susquehanna River, Delaware River, and the Ohio River.
William Penn founded Pennsylvania with a land grant that he bought Pennsylvania with. His main goal was to create a colony that expressed freedom of religion and his desire to protect himself and his fellow Quakers from persecution. Pennsylvania was well-advertised and by 1700 was the third largest and richest colony in the New World. Freedom of worship and religion was granted to all citizens. Penn established the colony as a safe haven for persecuted Quakers from England.
Benjamin Franklin was one of the Founding Fathers of Pennsylvania. Franklin wasn't a main role in the founding of Pennsylvania in general but he started up quite a few business' and organizations in Philadelphia. He created and organized Philadelphia's Union Fire Company in 1736. The Philadelphia Fire Department traces its roots back to Benjamin Franklin's company. In 1751, Franklin founded the Pennsylvania Hospital, the nation's first hospital, to care for the "sick-poor and insane of Philadelphia." Franklin most recognizable achievement was the founding of the United States first University, University of Pennsylvania.

Obviously, the first and foremost founding father of Pennsylvania would be William Penn, the sole founder of Pennsylvania. Penn was an extremely religious man. He envisioned the government through a lens of true spirituality, and fought hard to make Pennsylvania (especially Philadelphia) a place where God was honored in all areas of life. Penn wanted to be a father to Pennsylvania, not a politician. In the words of William Penn himself, “We don’t need another politician, we need a father!”. He also stated that they are the "Founding Fathers, not the Founding Politicians."
Religious Development
William Penn did not believe in forced religion. Penn once quoted “Force makes hypocrites; ’tis persuasion only that makes converts”. He believed on persuasion would convert people, not force. The largest religious bodies (besides the Quakers) were the large groups of German Reformed, Lutherans, Anglicans, and Presbyterians. Pennsylvania’s religious community also included small communities of Roman Catholics and Jews.
Attitude Towards Slavery
Even though Pennsylvania was a Union state, there still was small amounts of slavery. Penn had owned slaves himself and used them to work at his large estate, Pennsbury. He wrote that he preferred them to white servants, "for then a man has them while they live." In Penn's new city of Philadelphia, African slaves were at work by 1684. Between 1729 and 1758, Chester County had 104 slaves on 58 farms, with 70 percent of the slaveowners Quakers. Africans were so populated in the colony's capital that the Philadelphia Council complained of "the tumultuous gatherings of the Negroes in the town of Philadelphia."
Indians in Colonial Pennsylvania
Timeline of Colonial Pennsylvania
March 1682;
Pennsylvania was
founded by
William Penn/Delaware
Indians made peace
treaty with Penn.
Economic Conditions
Extremely fertile soil provided support and many jobs in agriculture. The manufacturing industry also provided employment for the people of Pennsylvania. The manufacturing industry included textiles, paper making, and shipbuilding. The agriculture industry included wheat, corn, cattle, and dairy.
Signing of
the Declaration
of Independence
known as 3rd
richest colony
declared as
Dec. 1787;
becomes an official state
Iroquois assume
domination over
Delaware tribe.

Once Penn and the Quakers in Pennsylvania began their religious settlements, they bought the land and treated the Indian with mutual respect. "Penn's Woods" appeared as a pristine landscape to European colonists, but to the Indians who greeted them, it was certainly an ancient and sacred place.
Native American Conflict with European Settlers
The Delaware Indians made their first treaty with William Penn in 1682. The Susquehannocks concentrated their population in modern Lancaster County and conducted trade with Indians along the Great Minquas Path, which would become a major route to the early European colonists. Despite Penn's efforts to treat the Native Americans fairly, tension developed later and involved Pennsylvania in the widespread war among the French, English, and Native Americans.
William Penn
Three Days' Walk Fraud against Indians to Take Lands
By the time of Penn’s return to England late in 1684, the foundations of the Quaker Province were established.
Slavery Begins
in Pennsylvania
4,000 Slaves
in Pennsylvania
Exceptionally prosperous farming area had developed in southeastern Pennsylvania.
1. Why did Penn have slaves even
though he was in union territory? Could it be possible that more famous leader sin the union army have slaves?

2.What do you think Penn religion was?

3.Why did he call himself "quacker"?
4.Why were Europeans executed in france?
Could others that discovered other colonies had the same reason to go to america?
Erin: I learned that the indians in colonial Pennsylvania didn't have a lot of meatings with the Europeans. The Indians were very self sufficient and learned how to survive on their own. I think that the Shawnee indians were the most interesting to learn about.
Jennifer: I learned that William Penn didn't make Pennsylvania just to be rich but as a safe haven for Quakers. I also learned that there arent very many Susquehannock Indians left. I thought it was more difficult to find things about Native American and European contact/conflict. I think the most easy thing to find was basic facts about Pennsylvania. I am overall satisfied with our project.
Indian Reflection

David Seeing from other Indians pov and that it was never really considered important when looking at the colonies is very broken. It is like a piece of a puzzle never being founded and the owner finishing the puzzle without it. History has so many perspectives and most of it isn’t being actually looked at. The only information that people know is the bias that the people wrote just like Columbus journey to America. I never knew though that William Penn even though he lived in a union territory he had slaves and he abuse them. I’m wondering though is if a founder like William Penn is really not heroic but biased to be heroic.

Colonization of the US has so many stories about slavery and Indian tribes being abused countless time. There are so many documentaries about Indians being slaughtered and being forced to move to a new land. I was pretty shocked when I heard Columbus story but Pennsylvania stories about slavery were kind of like all the other Indian stories. Almost everything has trouble in between its name. Whether it is easy there will always be a problem toward everybody. Bias is fake but the documents are real.
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