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Transcript of Immigration
Effects on Education
Demographics of Immigration
American Immigration Council (2014). Retrieved from
Brilliant, J. J. (2000). Issues in counseling immigrant college
Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 24
Center for American Progress. Retrieved from http://www.americanprogress.org/
Gonzales, R. G., & Terriquez, V. (2013). How DACA is impacting the
lives of those now DACAmented: Preliminary findings from the national UnDACAmented research project.
Migration Policy Institute and the Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration.
Learn about President Obama’s Plan for Reform. (2013) Retrieved
March 21, 2014 from http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/10/
Martin, P. (2013). The global challenge of managing migration. Population Bulletin,
68, 2-13.. New Immigrant Research (2011). Retrieved April 11, 2014 from
Suarez-Orozco, C., Gaytan, F. X., Bang, H. J., Pakes, J., O’Connor, E.,
& Rhodes, J. (2010). Academic trajectories of newcomer immigrant youth.
Developmental Psychology, 46
United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (2014).
Retrieved April 1, 2014 from http://uscis.gov/graphics/index.htm
United States Citizenship and Naturalization (2011). Retrieved April 7, 2014 from
Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (2014). Retrieved March 28,
2014, from https://www.dhs.gov/yearbook-immigration-statistics
Effects on Higher Ed
"Every part of this soil is sacred in the estimation of my people. Every hillside, every valley, every plain and grove, has been hallowed by some sad or happy event in days long vanished. Even the rocks, which seem to be dumb and dead as the swelter in the sun along the silent shore, thrill with memories of stirring events connected with the lives of my people...At night when the streets of your cities and villages are silent and you think them deserted, they will throng with the returning hosts that once filled them and still love this beautiful land. The White Man will never be alone..." -- Chief Seattle
by George Herrera, Andrea Kittelson and Yadira Pérez
for USC EDUC 523 with Dr. Garcia, Spring, 2014
A Myriad Others
We Are One Deciduous Family Tree
(or Home Depot Fruit Tree)
Defining America's Education
A landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of “separate but equal”.
It remained standard doctrine in U.S. law until its repudiation in the 1954 Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education.
A landmark U.S. Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional.
A Texas statute denying free public education to illegal immigrants violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because discrimination of the basis of illegal immigration status did not further a substantial state interest. The State of Texas argued that “undocumented aliens, because of their immigration status, are not ‘persons within the jurisdiction’ of the State of Texas, and that they therefore have no right to the equal protection of Texas law.”
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Plyler v. Doe (1982)
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
How Does Immigration Affect Education?
Children of immigrants are the fastest-growing segment of the U.S. population, and will inevitably transform U.S. educational and labor landscapes in the coming decades.
Children of immigrants account for almost a quarter of the school-aged population in the United States.
By the year 2020 2 out of 5 students will be children of immigrants.
What is the Immigration Reform About?
S.744—the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act:
• Passed by the Senate
• Provides an achievable 13-year pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants who meet certain requirements, pass a background check, pay fees and fines
• Increases border security
• Is expected to reduce the budget deficit by $158 billion in the first decade after the bill’s passage and by an additional $685 billion in the second decade (Congressional Budget Office)
The DREAM Act:
Would allow anyone who entered the country before the age of 16, who has completed high school and some college or military services, and who has been in registered provisional immigrant status for at least five years to apply for permanent residence and citizenship.
DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals)
In August 2012, the Obama administration used its executive authority to protect a group of “DREAM Act eligible” undocumented youth from deportation.
The Dream Act allows this population to apply for temporary protection from deportation and for work authorization.
As of June 2013, 400,562 applicants were granted deferred action.
DACA does not give anyone permanent resident status or put them on a path toward citizenship.
The Impact of DACA on the Educational, Labor Market, Health, and Civic Engagement Outcomes of Young Adult Immigrants.
The California DREAM Act
• Allows students who meet the requirement to apply for state financial aid includng UC Grants, SU Grants and Community College Board of Governor’s fee waivers.
• This application is also used to apply for Cal Grants at California public and private colleges and universities.
States to enact legislation offering financial aid to students who arrived in the country illegally are Washington State, California, Minnesota, New Mexico, and Texas.
Source: Gonzales, R. G., & Terriquez, V. (2013). How DACA is impacting the lives of those now DACAmented: Preliminary findings from the national UnDACAmented research project. Migration Policy Institute and the Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration,