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Early Medicine

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by

Keri Kreider

on 16 May 2016

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Transcript of Early Medicine

Early Medicine
Medicines we still use today
Nitrogelycerin
- Heart patients
Digitalis
- regulate and strengthen heart beat
Sulfur & Cayenne
pepper - To stop bleeding
Cranberry
- To treat urinary tract infections
Hippocrates
Medicine began in the fifth century BC by a physician named Hippocrates. He was a huge contributor to practicing medicine and also created the Hippocratic Oath. The oath is an ethical guide for physicians to do no harm to the patient. He also discovered diseases by listening to the chest of patients and transformed medicine into a scientific discovery and not just superstition.
Contributors to Medicine
Galen
- discovered the artieres contained blood and not air as once believed
Galileo
- First to use a telescope to study the skies but led to the invention of the microscope
Janssen
- Invented the microscope
Leeuwenhoek
- Observed and described bacteria. Protozoa and Spermatozoa.
Caduceus
The caduceus is today's major symbol for medicine. The symbol is of a healing stuff with two snakes coiled around it.
Twentieth Century Contributors
Overall the twentieth century was well known for major medical advances such as the mortality rates dropping significantly. Other major developments that occurred was the specialty study of cancer, immune function, endocrinology, and progress in nutrition.
A. Fleming - Credited for his work with penicillin. Won a Noble Prize for it
Jonas Salk and Albert Sabin - developed vaccines that fought against the disease polio
Nineteenth Century Contributors
L. Pasteur
- He established the science of bacteriology. Solved major diseases such as rabies, anthrax, in sheep and cattle. Pasteurization is also named after Pasteur
J. Lister
- Discovered the antiseptic system
I. Semmelweiss
- Advised changing of the clothes after childbirth
R. Koch
- Showed bacteria could be stained and cultivated.
P. Ehrlich
- Studied immunology, chemotherapy, bacteriology. He also created the "magic bullet" to treat syphilis.
Eighteen Century Contributors
J. Hunter
- developed surgery and surgical pathology into a science. Also introduced the flexible feeding tube
E. Jenner
- Performed the first cowpox vaccination
R. Laennec
- Invented the stethoscope.
History Of Medicine
In the early years of medicine it was practiced by people considered "medicine men and women".

The also considered diseases to be an evil intruder or evil spirit.
By Keri Kreider
At this time if medicine was practiced wrong, they would punish them by cutting off their hands!
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