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The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Divis
Transcript of The Worlds of Christendom: Contraction, Expansion, and Divis
Reasons for difference in trajectories of Byzantine and West European expressions of Christendom :
How Did Byzantium and Western Europe interact with each other and with the larger world of the third wave era?
two societies, both Christian which lead to frequent interactions, disputes and ultimately a schism between the two confessions.
The revival of western Europe after 1000 C.E. brought it into a closer trade relationship with Byzantium.
In term of wider world, Byzantium and western Europe were both part of the Eurasian long distance trade network.
Both had a profound impact of eastern Europe especially through their promotion of rival versions of the christian faith.
In what respects was the civilization of the Latin West distinctive and Unique?
Willingness to borrow (page 490)
Modify and improve upon ideas
Ways that the Latin West was comparable to other 3rd wave civilizations:
Shares many features similar to third wave civilizations including:
ruled by an emperor who acted as head of state, the pope and head of the church. Therefore, elected all head church officials and treated church as department of government (page 472)
greater control over the Orthodox church
Byzantine thinkers attempted to express the Christian doctrine in terms of Greek philosophical concepts (page 473)
Greek becomes primary language
800: Charlemagne crowned as new "Roman Emperor"
Map of Time
4th century: Christianity becomes state religion of Armenia, Axum, and Roman Empire
5th to 6th centuries: Introduction of Christianity into Nubia
476: Collapse of western Roman Empire
527-565: Justanian rules Byzantine Empire
7th century: Introduction of Christianity into China (spread of Islam)
726-843: Iconoclasm in Byzantium
988: Conversion of Kievan Rus to Christianity
1054: Mutual excommunication of pope and patriarch
1095-1291: Crusaders in Islamic world
12th & 13th centuries: Arab & Greek works available in Europe
1346-1350: Black Death in Europe
1453: Turks capture Constantinopole; end of Byzantine Empire
1492: Christian reconquest of Spain complete ; Columbus's first voyage
Western Europe had distinctive features such as a fragmented political structure, independent towns, and study of natural philosophy. (page 489)