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Semantic Open data Method

acquisition and management of legal information in the semantic web
by

Arjen Santema

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of Semantic Open data Method

way of
thinking
way of controlling
way of
modeling
way of
working
way of
supporting
information model is static, users act on dynamic part: events
many vocabularies - single source of truth
rationale definitions, link to the law
foundation rules in rule engine information system
documentation national catalog key registers
easement
limited property
right
is subtype of
is subtype of
real right
ownership
is subtype of
change
is generated by
establishment
is changed by
expiration
decease
ends by
ends by
seller
notary
has actor
is formalised by
buyer
has actor
dominant land
servient land
has burden of
is benifited by
concepts
events
actors
motivation
Semantics of legal and business policy execution
using Open data Method

easement of
going along this path with cattle
established
is

the sold part:
Birdaard
section H
number 849

the part belonging
to the seller:
Birdaard
section H
number 849
charged to
for the benefit of
legal situation after establishment
legal situation before establishment
'brute' fact
has precondition
has postcondition
is caused by
trigger
informatics - objects with attributes and methods/behavior according to rules
speech-act theory
legal knowledge theory - semantic analysis legislation
meta data/meta model national catalog key registers/RSGB
pragmatic approach
Foundation SOM
'brute' reality
juridical reality
deed
semantic model
registration
semantic model legal world
http://tax.kadaster.nl
Frame legal concepts
Frame legal events
Example legal concept
Example legal event
Frame information element
http://brk.kadaster.nl
Create baseline set terms to define: select all terms in the UML model that define objects, attributes and relations
• select all terms in value lists that define juridically relevant concepts
• built basic semantic network / basic ontology of terms
o subtypes in the information model are translated to the ontological relation ‘is subtype of’
o values in value lists are translated to the ontological relation ‘is subtype of’ <the regarded concept>
o relations in the information model are translated to the ontological relation ‘is related to’.
o Attributes in the information model are translated to the ontological relation ‘is part of’ or ‘is property of’.
create baseline set of terms
Select juridical facts
Select juridical events (juridical facts) to complete the semantic network
• Select all terms that identify potential objects that have their own potential life cycle (look after terms as ‘type’, ‘sort of’, ‘kind of’).
• Group terms that are of the same type and have the same life cycle.
• Define juridical facts c.q. juridical events with their actors and agents.
Make concept frame for all terms
and juridical events/facts
1 Prepare frames
Define terms and events
validate (authorized jurist)
verify (knowledge engineer)
2 fill in frames
supplementary terms or events
3 finish and publish
meta data
trigger
precondition
agent
postcondition
precondition
postcondition
• refine explanation (take in mind you have to explain the concept to your wive or your mother in law)
• relate juridical concepts to the information model and add meta data
o temporal aspects register (material history and formal history)
o population
o quality
o ...
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