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Values and Norms: Sociology
Transcript of Values and Norms: Sociology
Informal laws that govern the behaviours of a society. Though these norms are informal they can be enforced formally (sanctions) and informally (non-verbal actions).
What is "normal" depends on the culture one finds themselves in. *Subcultures can also have their own norms.
Roles and ideals
Unfortunately norms can also create...
Discrimination against anything "abnormal"
Disparities between social groups Values:
Vary and can be subjective to groups or individuals (families, peers, society)
Values influence attitudes and behaviours
Include such things as morals, ethics, and social values
Values are often expressed in society by:
Who is given respect and attention in a society
An example of a value in our society would be:
Equal rights for all!!
What are some others? Norms and values are important because they:
Regulate the behaviours within society (informally and formally)
Norms and values are widely adopted by members of a society as acceptable standards to live/strive for
They define acceptable and non-acceptable actions
Values provide a set of ideals for individuals to strive towards (materialistic, empathetic, kindness etc...)
Create a sense of community
a sense of close connection and shared purpose that unites a person with others in a group Individualistic: Think back to Criminology and it's theories...
What did some of them propose at to the causes of crime/deviant behaviour? What is "Normal"? Normal:
1. conforming to the standard or the common type; usual; not abnormal; regular; natural.
2. serving to establish a standard What's wrong with this definition?
Is is appropriate to use this term? A world view that focuses on...
independence and autonomy
stresses personal rights, goals, and needs
Examples of this type of society: Collectivistic: A world view that stresses...
connectedness to family, and community
the maintaining of goals, norms, harmony with others, and beliefs of the group
Examples of this type of society... What about within societies; can their be differences within subcultures? Violation of Norms Deviance:
Actions that go against societal norms (either formal or informal)
The "legal" term for those who break the law (juveniles)
Deviance and delinquency are punishable but the punishment depends on the severity
What if you entrusted a friend with a secret and they violated the "norm" of trust between friends? (What should their punishment be?) Peers, Neighbourhoods, SES, Education level,
Genes, Cortisol (low levels), Conduct and Personality Disorders (psychological) Violation of Norms is NOT always Bad... Do you know your rights? The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms represents our norms and values...
They are formed from individual morals and religious influences of the time. This can sometimes create problems because society continuously changes and with it so do the values of our people.
Everyone has the following fundamental freedoms:
Freedom of conscience and religion
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of expression
Freedom of association
The most important point I find is:
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.
From this document we get a sense of Canadian Values:
Equality, Freedom, Life, Culture & Religion, Education etc...
Social Change is Important
Because: Social change starts a process of evaluation whereby society reflects upon its norms and values. In doing so a society can grow and change. However, it can change for better or worse.
When it changes for the better people become more free and equal.
When it changes for the worst... people become oppressed.
Examples of "positive" Social changes/Movements may include: