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Transcript of 123 Intro
Doctrine of God
relatively new field that studies certain common impulses of humans to worship "something beyond"
"Comparative Religion" involves analysis of more than one religious tradition (e.g. Muslim and Hindu) from the same perspective.
"Religious Cultures" programs typically focus on the role various religions play in a particular society
"Liturgy" is from a Greek term for a "public work" or "benefit." The Christian "public duty" is to pray for others and worship God.
"Sacraments" are mysterious promises of God's love for his people. The Catholic Church has taught that there are 7 specific sacraments for nearly 1,000 years now, though many reformation ecclesial communities teach that there are only 2 or 3 sacraments.
The study of Liturgy and Sacraments includes specialists in the history and development of certain practices as well as study of theories of signs, symbols, and actions that help to explain various Christian practices.
As an academic discipline, this is a relatively new field.
"Pastoral Care" in a narrow and technical sense refers to the care ordained priests and bishops have for the laity. In more broad sense, it includes the care that anyone might have for someone else in need.
Courses of study include the special needs of hospital ministry, how to offer formation for sacraments like marriage, basic counseling techniques, conflict mediation, financial management for a parish, and classes in psychology and sociology on human development
All academic fields are, in some sense, a study of history. "Church History" is specifically concerned with figures who identify as Christians and with movements that developed within or were influenced by the Church.
"Church History" is sometimes distinguished from "History of Theology," but more and more scholars are attentive to issues from multiple fields. Some distinguish a "historian of events" from a "historian of ideas."
Courses of study include languages needed to read documents in the original. If you want to study Medieval literature, you will need to read Latin and possibly early Italian, French, English, or German. Church historians also take many history and literature courses.
All Christian theology must be based on the revelation of God in the person of Jesus Christ. The New Testament is especially the "norm which cannot be unnormed" (norma non normata) for the Christian Faith.
"New Testament Studies" include courses on particular authors (e.g. Paul or Luke), as well as individual books (a study of Romans) or types of books (the Gospels).
Scholars of the New Testament must be able to read Greek and typically read modern research languages like French and German, though you can study the New Testament in great depth with tools like the Catholic Study Bible.
Many New Testament scholars are also trained in literature and methods of literary analysis. Some of my NT friends were originally attracted to narratives as a structure for writings.
All Christian theology must be based on the revelation of God in the person of Jesus Christ. The Old Testament is especially the "norm which cannot be unnormed" (norma non normata) for the Faith and the necessary first part of the Christian story.
We call the field "Hebrew Bible" to highlight its continued use and study by Jewish and Christian scholars. Often, students from different traditions will train together, even though we might think very different things about the Scriptures as a whole.
Hebrew Bible Studies" include courses on particular authors (e.g. Isaiah), as well as individual books (a study of Genesis) or types of books (the wisdom literature).
Scholars of the Hebrew Bible must be able to read Hebrew and Greek (the "Hebrew Bible actually exists in important forms in both languages) and typically read modern research languages like French and German, though you can study the Old Testament in great depth with tools like the Catholic Study Bible.
Many Hebrew Bible scholars are also trained in literature and methods of literary analysis. Some of my OT friends were originally attracted to poetry as a structure for writings.
Who is Jesus Christ?
How does he offer salvation?
What is his relationship to the Father, the Spirit, and the world?
Christology must be based in God's self-revelation in the Incarnation and the presentation of this in Scripture, especially the Gospels.
Christology has been highly developed by many important thinkers in many languages. Ancient Christology, as presented in the Creeds, for example, is formative for all later understandings of Christ.
What is the Church? the Community? the Body of Christ?
How are the People of God ordered?
This is a relatively new area of theology which really dates to some of the particular questions posed in the Reformation (i.e. 16th cent.).
Study of the Church includes study of the Sacraments and, for more comprehensive thinkers, is innately related to the community of the Trinity and the body of the Incarnate Christ.
Hot button topics, like abortion, euthanasia, and sexuality are often discussed by moral theologians. But ethics as a discipline is also concerned with definitions of the good. Moral theologians must make arguments about particular circumstances based on their understanding of the ultimate nature of the universe.
Christians, by their very commitment to the Gospel, attempt to live moral lives, and so, have a kind of practical moral theology. Trained moral theologians also consider the history of moral theology and its principles.
Moral theology must also be concerned with moral formation.
As an academic discipline, spirituality studies theories of the development of humans in their relationships with themselves, God, and others. This requires a lot of careful historical theological and philosophical work.
Spiritual theology can also demand knowledge of contemporary psychology (study of the "psyche"-soul).
Depending on the particular figures studied, the language requirements can be the same as historical theology.
Only a few programs offer in-depth spirituality studies. Instead, many programs attempt to juxtapose a "doctrinal" content with a "spiritual" content, even though this is foriegn to the concerns of the authors they study (e.g. St. John of the Cross or St. Bonaventure).
Older scholarship may refer to "mystical," "contemplative," and "monastic" theology, though these terms have undergone some serious re-definition in the last few generations.
Study of the doctrine of God requires a serious knowledge of philosophical systems, and particularly of metaphysics and epistemology. Christians are not the only thinkers with teachings about the nature of divinity.
Christian doctrine of God includes the two central mysteries of the faith: the Trinity and the Incarnation. Typically, the Incarnation is studied under "Christology," but the fields are closely related since Christians believe Christ is God.
Christian doctrine of God has been highly developed and requires speciality knowledge. The 3rd and 4th centuries are particularly formative, and so, many of the requirements for historical theology apply to a study of the doctrine of God. Typically, programs of study in the States offer courses on the doctrine of God within "systematic theology."
REL Courses include
Life and Writings of Paul (327)
Survey of Christian Theology I & II (333-334)
Women in the Church (357)
Second Vatican Council (442)
History of Christianity (450)
REL Courses include
Life and Writings of Paul (327)
The Gospels of Mt, Mk, & Lk (325)
Gospel of Luke (428)
Gospel of John and Related Writings (426)
Intro to New Testament (201)
REL Courses include
The Torah (335)
Historical Books (336)
Prophetic Writings (337)
Poetry and Wisdom Literature (338)
Intro to Hebrew (467)
REL Courses include
Christian Spirituality (432)
Theology and Spirituality of Morality (480)
Finding God in All Things (482)
REL Courses include
Survey of Chrisitan Theology I & II (333-334)
Theological Foundations I & II (410-411)
REL Courses include
Theological and Moral Spiritual Aspects of Marriage and Sexuality (351)
Christian Ethics III: Medical-Moral (423)
Eco Theology (488)
Christian Morality (330)
REL Courses include
American Catholicism (455)
World Religions (489)
Internships in Religion (425)
Religion and Personal Experience (331)
REL Courses include
REL Courses include
Internships in Religion (425)
Cyberculture: New Challenges for Pastoral
Theology and Spirituality of Ministry (480)
Youth Ministry (499)
Basic Bible Timeline
Exile and Return
Council of Trent
39BC - AD 100
“The four figures that have been mentioned converge in such a way that, if we want, one and the same Jerusalem can be understood in a fourfold manner. According to history it is the city of the Jews. According to allegory it is the Church of Christ. According to anagogy it is that heavenly city of God ‘which is the mother of us all.’ [Gal 4:26] According to tropology it is the soul of the human being, which under this name is frequently either reproached or praised by the Lord. Of these four kinds of interpretation the blessed Apostle says thus: ‘Now, brothers, if I come to you speaking in tongues, what use will it be to you unless I speak to you buy revelation or by knowledge or by prophecy or by instruction?’ [1 Cor 14:6]
So the LORD God cast a deep sleep on the man, and while he was asleep, he took out one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh. The LORD God then built up into a woman the rib that he had taken from the man. When he brought her to the man, the man said: "This one, at last, is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; This one shall be called 'woman,' for out of 'her man' this one has been taken." That is why a man leaves his father and mother and clings to his wife, and the two of them become one body. - Gen 2:21-24
...We conclude from this analysis that there is no real justification to render the word [tsela] in Gen. 2:21 as Adam's rib. Rather, it should be Adam's side. As a result, a new and bold imagery begins to emerge from Gen. 2:21 ... I suggest that what is meant here is virtually an entire side or half of Adam's body ... Now consider the implications of this. God literally divided Adam in half to create a woman for him. This is a much more powerful symbol than merely taking a small bone out of his side. Eve was every bit the man Adam was (pardon the pun), in fact in Gen 1:27 it says "In the image of God He created him, male and female He created them," suggesting complete equality. Eve began, literally, as half of Adam. Even today people sometimes refer to their spouse as their other half or their better half and that seems somehow appropriate. - Wayne Simpson
Rabbi Shmuel bar Nachman said: The Blessed Holiness created the first human being double-faced [with two fronts of the body], and then sawed them apart and made backs for them, a back for one and a back for the other.
Other scholars objected: It is written "[God] took one of his ribs [tsela]"
[Rabbi Shmuel] answered: It means "one of the two sides [of the double being]". As Scripture says, "For the side [tsela] of the Sanctuary..."
Adam called Eve "woman" because he looked up and said, "Whoa Man!" - Fr. Harvey (as something of a joke, but also as a lead into reflections on romantic attraction)
Why did God create Eve after Adam?
Because it took him a second time to fix his first mistakes.
- Aunt Mary
God created Eve after Adam so that she might know her place as always subservient.
- Uncle Bob
John Cassian, Conf. 14
Samuel is prophet to Saul
Elijah is prophet at large while Ahab is king
Ezekiel is prophet at large during the Exile.
Philipps van Galle
“In this book here, in which the Song of Songs is written, the language of what appears to be physical love is employed for this reason: that the soul revived from her numbness by her usual manner of speech may grow warm again and be spured on to the love that is above by the language of the love here below. Now in this book there is mention of kisses, mention of breasts, mention of cheeks, mention of thighs. We ought not ridicule the sacred text for using such language. Rather, we should ponder how great God’s mercy is. For when he mentions the parts of the body and thereby summons us to love, we ought to realize how wonderfully and mercifully he works within us. He has gone so far as to embrace the language of our vulgar love so that our heart might catch fire with a yearning for that sacred love. Yet God lifts us up by understanding to the place from where he lowers himself by speaking. For we learn from texts about the love here below with what intensity we should burn with love for the Divinity.” - (trans. M. DelCogliano)
Gregory the Great, Exposition on the Song of Songs
Song of Songs 1
Deep waters cannot quench love,
nor floods sweep it away.
Were one to offer all he owns to purchase love,
he would be roundly mocked.
Song of Songs 8:7
Bernard of Clairvaux, Sermon on the Song of Songs, 2
...All the more, therefore, do I pray that the intense longing of those men of old, their heartfelt expectation, may be inkindled in me by these far off words: "Let him kiss me with the kiss of his mouth." ... Let him who is the most handsome of the sons of men, let him kiss me with the kiss of his mouth... Let him whose presence is full of love, from whom exquisite doctrines flow in streams, let him become "a spring inside me, welling up to eternal life."...For his living, active word is to me a kiss, not indeed an adhering of the lips that can sometimes belie a union of hearts, but an unreserved infusion of joys, a revealing of mysteries, a marvelous and indistinguishable mingling of the divine light with the enlightened mind, which, joined in truth to God, is one spirit with him... The mouth that kisses signifies the Word who assumes human nature; the nature assumed receives the kiss; the kiss however, that takes its being both from the giver and the receiver, is a person that is formed by both, none other than "the one mediator between God and mankind, himself a man, Christ Jesus." -(trans. Internet Archive, Br. Sean)
Lk - Acts
written for Jewish and Gentile Christians in Antioch
Peter is a key hero
Jesus has five great discourses which show that Jesus fulfills the Mosaic Law
Mt's style is especially close to Jewish Rabbincal teachings (Talmud)
Mt knows the OT especially well
written for Gentile Christians in Rome
Manuscripts differ on the ending 16:9-20
the proclamation of the Kingdom is key
written for a mostly Gentile readership
Lk tells the story of Jesus
Acts tells the story of the Church
longest of the Gospels (together with Acts is more than 25% of the NT)
often considered the most theologically articulate "soaring" above the world
thought to be the last Gospel written (c. 90 AD)
Just as Lk must be considered with Acts, Jn should be considered with the Johannine Letters.
The Apocalypse also claims to be written by Jn.
The four living creatures are a common Biblical image:
Ez 1:1-14, 10:1-22, Dan 7:1-8, Rev 4:7
Jerome, Comm. Mt, pref, assigns the traditional images to the Evangelists
(Metropolitan Museum of Art)
The Priestly account in Gen uses "arche" as well as light and darkness.
The Yahwist account has Eve come from the side of Adam, just as John has blood and water flow from the side of Christ to indicate the sacramental beginning of the Church (at the end of the Gospel).
JnB John the Baptist – baptized Jesus, beheaded
JnA John the Apostle, son of Zebedee, responsible for Ephesus community
JnE John the Disciple-Evangelist – writes Gospel based on tradition of JnA
JnRed John the Disciple-Redactor – final edition
JnP (John) the Presbyter – writes 1-3 Jn in Johannine Tradition
JnR John who writes Revelation on Patmos
Table of Johns
Jesus Public Ministry
JnA moves to Ephesus
JnE collects and edits stories (possibly with JnRed)
Mk writes a Gospel
A collection of sayings from Jesus circulate in some literary form.
Lk uses Mk as a source.
Mt uses Q as a source.
Mt uses Mk as a source.
Lk uses Q as a source.
Jn raises questions and some leave the community
and/or preach another Gospel.
JnP writes letters expounding the Jn theology.
Someone (JnR) from the Jn community has a revelation and writes it without the benefit of the community's editors
Paul and Deutero-Paul
Moscow, Historical Museum, Cod 129, fol. 67. The enemies of Christ and the iconoclasts (after 843)
Cathedral of Utrecht, Reformation Iconoclasm
St. Irene (Constantinople) apse, showing iconoclastic replacement of apse image with cross
Hagia Sophia (Constantinople) apse, showing theotokos (with detail in lower corner)
The Church is the Body of Christ
All Christological principles will have an ecclesiological counterpart.
Jesus embodied the Kingdom, so the Church also embodies Jesus and the Kingdom.
There are multiple Gospels that present Jesus; there are multiple images for the Church.
Jesus is both God and Man; the Church has both divine and human elments
Jesus is the definitive source of grace; the Church is a source of grace.
Jesus is the only way to salvation; the Church is the (only) way to salvation.
Sensus Fidei - Prophecy and Truth
"the sense of the faith" or the collective wisdom of the faithful
this is infallible because it is part of the Body of Christ, and Christ is the Way, the Truth, and the LIfe
LG 12: The holy People of God shares also in Christ’s prophetic office: it spreads abroad a living witness to him, especially by a life of faith and love and by offering to God a sacrifice of praise…The whole body of the faithful who have an anointing that comes from the holy one cannot err in matters of belief. This characteristic is shown in the supernatural appreciation of the faith (sensus fidei) of the whole people…
Need for Christ
LG 14: the Church, a pilgrim now on earth, is necessary for salvation: the one Christ is mediator and the way of salvation; he is present to us in his body which is the Church. He himself explicitly asserted the necessity of faith and baptism, and thereby affirmed at the same time the necessity of the Church which men enter through baptism as through a door.
martyr - Greek for witness
The Church is One
The Trinity (unity and diversity) is the key model and source of the Church.
The Church is the Body of the Word made flesh.
The "soul" of the Church is the Holy Spirit .
The Church is the one People of God the Father.
The Church is Holy
The Church is Catholic
The Church is Apostolic
The Church is united to Christ, the source of holiness.
Christians are those who love God and love neighbor.
The Church is the Body of the Universal/Catholic Savior.
The Church has a universal/Catholic mission.
The Church was built on the Apostles.
The Church continues the teaching of the Apostles (with the help of the Holy Spirit).
The Church continues to have the successors of the Apostles.
Penance or Reconciliation
Anointing of the Sick
Blessed are you, Lord, God of all creation. Through your goodness we have this bread to offer, which earth has given and human hands have made. It will become for us the bread of life...Lord God, we ask you to receive us and be pleased with the sacrifice we offer you with humble and contrite hearts...Father, all-powerful and ever-living God, we do well always and everywhere to give you thanks. You have no need of our praise, yet our desire to thank you is itself your gift. Our prayer of thanksgiving adds nothing to your greatness, but makes us grow in your grace, thorugh Jesus Christ our Lord. In our joy we sing to your glory with all the choirs of angels: Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord, God of power and might...Behold the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. Happy are we who are called to his table...The Body of Christ. Amen...Lord Jesus Christ, you give us your body and blood in the Eucharist as a sign that even now we share your life. May we come to possess it completely in the kingdom where you live for ever and ever.
Father, look now with love upon your Church and unseal for her the foundation of baptism. By the power of the Spirit give to this water the grace of your Son, so that in the sacrament of baptism all those whom you have created in your likeness may be cleansed from sin and rise to a new birth to innocence by water and the Holy Spirit. We ask you, Father, with your Son to send the Holy Spirit upon the waters of this font. May all who are buried with Christ in the death of baptism rise also with him in newness of life. We ask this through Christ our Lord.
My dear friends: in baptism God our Father gave the new birth of eternal life to his chosen sons and daughters. Let us pray to our Father that he will pour out the Holy Spirit to strengthen his sons and daughters with his gifts and anoint them to be more like Christ the Son of God…All-powerful God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, by water and the Holy Spirit you freed your sons and daughters from sin and gave them new life. Send your Holy Spirit upon them to be their Helper and Guide. Give them the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of right judgment and courage, the spirit of knowledge and reverence. Fill them with the spirit of wonder and awe in your presence.
My God, I am sorry for my sins with all my heart. In choosing to do wrong and failing to do good, I have sinned against you whom I should love above all things. I firmly intend, with your help, to do penance, to sin no more, and to avoid whatever leads me to sin. Our Savior Jesus Christ suffered and died for us. In his name, my God, have mercy…God, the Father of mercies, through the death and resurrection of his son has reconciled the world to himself and sent the Holy Spirit among us for the forgiveness of sins; through the ministry of the Church may God give you pardon and peace, and I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
My dear friends, you have come together in this church so that the Lord may seal and strengthen your love in the presence of the Church’s minister and this community. Christ abundantly blesses this love. He has already consecrated you in baptism and now he enriches and strengthens you by a special sacrament so that you may assume the duties of marriage in mutual and lasting fidelity…I take you to be my wife. I promise to be true to you in good times and in bad, in sickness and in health. I will love you and honor you all the days of my life…Father, by your plan man and woman are united, and married life has been established as the one blessing that was not forfeited by original sin or washed away in the flood. Look with love upon this woman, your daughter, now joined to her husband in marriage. She asks your blessing. Giver the grace of love and peace. May she always follow the example of the holy women whose praises are sung in the Scriptures. May her husband put his trust in her and recognize that she is his equal and the heir with him to the life of grace. May he always honor her and love her as Christ loves his bride, the Church. Father, keep them always true to your commandments. Keep them faithful in marriage and let them be living examples of Christian life. Give them the strength which comes from the Gospel so that they may be witnesses of Christ to others. Bless them with children and help them to be good parents. May they live to see their children’s children. And, after a happy old age, grant them fullness of life with the saints in the kingdom of heaven.
God of all consolation, you chose and sent your Son to heal the world. Graciously listen to our prayer of faith: send the power of your Holy Spirit, the Consoler, into this precious oil, this soothing ointment, this rich gift, this fruit of the earth. Bless this oil and sanctify it for our use. Make this oil a remedy for all who are anointed with it; heal them in body, in soul, and in spirit, and deliver them from every affliction. We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever… Through this holy anointing may the Lord in his love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit…May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up…Father in heaven, through this holy anointing, grant N comfort in her suffering. When she is afraid, give her courage, when afflicted, give her patience, when dejected, afford her hope, and when along, assure her of the support of your holy people. We ask this through Christ our Lord.
Bishop Finn anointing the sick at Mass
Confession in an old Church
Pope Benedict XVI anoints the sick at Mass
Fr. Van Tulder anoints a terminally ill man.
For a bishop: God the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ... by your gracious word you have established the plan of your Church. From the beginning, you chose the descendants of Abraham to be your holy nation. You established rulers and priests and did not leave your sanctuary without ministers to serve you...
God has brought you to share the high priesthood of Christ, may he pour out on you the oil of mystical anointing and enrich you with spiritual blessings.
Receive the Gospel and preach the word of God with unfailing patience and sound teaching.
Take this ring, the seal of your fidelity. With faith and love protect the bride of God, his holy Church.
Take this staff as a sign of your pastoral office: keep watch over the whole flock in which the Holy Spirit has appointed you to shepherd the Church of God.
Alleluia, go and teach all people my Gospel, alleluia.
For a deacon: Almighty God . . .. You make the Church, Christ's body, grow to its full stature as a new and greater temple. You enrich it with every kind of grace and perfect it with a diversity of members to serve the whole body in a wonderful pattern of unity. You established a threefold ministry of worship and service, for the glory of your name. As ministers of your tabernacle you chose the sons of Levi and gave them your blessing as their everlasting inheritance.
For a priest: Lord, holy Father, ... when you had appointed high priests to rule your people, you chose other men next to them in rank and dignity to be with them and to help them in their task... you extended the spirit of Moses to seventy wise men... You shared among the sons of Aaron the fullness of their father's power.
As the first Florida Catholic university, Saint Leo is an educational enterprise. All of us, individually and collectively, work hard to ensure that our students develop the character, learn the skills and assimilate the knowledge essential to become morally responsible leaders. The success of our University depends upon a conscientious commitment to our mission, vision, and goals.
Saint Leo University develops hospitable Catholic learning communities everywhere we serve – in Florida and around the world. We foster a spirit of belonging, unity and interdependence based on mutual trust and respect to create socially responsible environments that challenge all of us to listen, to learn, to change, and to serve
Animated in the spirit of Jesus Christ, we value all individuals' unique talents, respect their dignity and strive to foster their commitment to excellence in our work. Our community's strength depends on the unity and diversity of our people, on the free exchange of ideas and on learning, living, and working harmoniously.
Saint Leo University stresses the development of every person's mind, spirit and body for a balanced life. All members of the Saint Leo University community must demonstrate their commitment to personal development to help strengthen the character of our community.
Our Creator blesses us with an abundance of resources. We foster a spirit of service to employ our resources to university and community development. We must be resourceful. As a Catholic university, we optimize and apply all of the resources of our Florida and global communities to fulfill Saint Leo University's mission and goals.
The commitment of Saint Leo University to excellence demands that its members live its mission and deliver on its promise. The faculty, staff, and students pledge to be honest, just, and consistent in word and deed.
Faith, Hope, and Love
Justice, Temperance, Fortitude, and Prudence
John Cassian and his friend, Germanus, went to Abba Moses to learn about the Christian monastic vocation sometime in the late 4th century. Abba Moses was a respected authority on interior matters as well as practical issues. When they approached Abba Moses in the middle of the desert in Egypt, he asked them, "What is your goal, and what is your end?" They responded, "the Kingdom of Heaven." Cassian narrates, "As we listened in amazement, the old man continued: ‘The end of our profession, as we have said, is the kingdom of God or the kingdom of heaven; but the goal or scopos is purity of heart, without which it is impossible for anyone to reach that end.’" Abba Moses then explains that purity of heart will involve the transformation of their hearts and their minds. (John Cassian, Conference 1.4.)
Deep within his conscience man discovers a law which he hs not laid upon himself, but which he must obey. Its voice, ever caling him to love and to do what is good an avoid evil, sounds in his heart at the right moment. (Gaudium et Spes 16)
Conscience is a judgment of reason whereby the human person recognizes the moral quality of a concrete act that he is going to perfomr, is in the process of peforming, or has already completed. (CCC 1778)
A virtue is an habitual and firm disposition to do the good. It allows the person not only to perform good acts, but to give the best of himself. The virtuous person...pursues the good and chooses it in concrete actions. (CCC 1803)
The goal of a virtuous life is to become like God. (St. Gregory of Nyssa, De beat. 1)
Abraham, Father in Faith
Abraham and Isaac with the Angel
Abraham expels Hagar and Ishmael (Verhagen, 18th cent)
The Jewish religion is not 'extrinsic' to us, but in a certain way is 'intrinsic' to our own religion...With Judaism, therefore, we have a relationship which we do not have with any other religion. You are our dearly beloved brothers, and, in a certain way, it could be said that you are our elder brothers. - John Paul II in his address at the Synagogue in Rome on 13 April 1986
As chief rabbi of this community .... I want to express my intense satisfaction with the gesture that you longed for and today made a reality by coming for the first time in the History of the Church to visit a synagogue, a gesture that will be recorded in History. - Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff in his address to John Paul II, printed in L'Osservatore Romano, 14-15 April 1986, p 5.
Arch of Titus
Arch of Titus, Spoiling of the Temple
God's talk about God
Humans' talk about God
God's talk to humans
Humans' talk to God
Four Definitions of Theology
The Hexapla of Origen
The chronologically first Patriarch is
A - Moses
B - David
C - Jesus
D - Abraham
The great "Lawgiver" of the Hebrew Tradition is
A - Moses
B - David
C - Jesus
D - Abraham
The Hebrew term and concept "Torah" closely corresponds to the English
A - Law & Punishment
B - Law & Way of Life
C - Law & Order
D - Way of Life & 'eye for an eye'
The account of Moses on Sinai in Ex 19 includes commands to make ritual purifications to prepare for the covenant and for the common people to remain separate from the common priests, who are to remain separate from the high priests. This material most likely belongs to which tradition?
A - J Yahwist
B - E Elohist
C - P Priestly
D - D Deuteronomist
The genre of the Song of Songs is
The relationship between men and women is addressed through more than one genre in the Old Testament.
We read from several books (Song of Songs, Proverbs, etc). These books belong to which division of the Old Testament?
C-Kethubiim (wisdom literature)
D-Kethubiim (historical literature)
Reading the New Testament
Historical Narratives (Gospels and Acts)
Letters (Pauline, Deutero-Pauline, Catholic)
The four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) are the only first and second century books that refer to Jesus.
The New Testament term "euangelia" which we translate "gospel" means
Kelhoffer notes that four things are important as principles of interpretation for early Christian letters; they are:
A-author, audience, Athanasius, and purpose
B-author, audience, opponents, and purpose
C-author, audience, opponents, and relation
D-author, audience, creed, and purpose
The four creatures that are appropriated to the Evangelists derive from the vision of the prophet
The synoptic Gospels all reference a figure who came just before Jesus and announced His coming; this figure is
A-John the Baptist
B-Larry the Baptist
C-John the disciple Jesus loved
D-Larry the cable guy Jesus loved
John the Baptist most closely fits with which Old Testament set of characters
A-the Kings of the undivided Kingdom
B-the Kings of the divided Kingdom
The best description of a comparison between the three versions of the Baptism and temptations of Jesus that we read for class (i.e. the Synoptic Accounts) is
A-all three of these stories are identical
B-two of these stories are identical, but one is different
C-all three of these stories are similar, but have distinct elements
D-all three of these stories are so different that they do not seem to have much relationship to each other
The Gospel of John opens by quoting
A-Mark ("the Gospel of Jesus Christ...")
B-Psalms ("Bless the Lord, oh my soul!")
C-Matthew ("the genealogy of Jesus Christ, son of...")
D-Genesis ("in the beginning")
John is said to have written both a Gospel and at least one letter.
The opening of John's Gospel is most like a
All scholars agree that John the Apostle wrote all of the Johannine Literature.
Grace and Sacraments
Hammond argues that grace is intricately connected to which element of Christianity?
A - the Our Father Prayer
B - the Hail Mary Prayer
C - preaching
D - sacraments
Hammond argues that there is a fundamental concept that lies behind sacraments and grace; it is
A - communication with signs and symbols
B - doctrine of God
C - doctrine of anthropology
D - The Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed
Catholic theologians, like St. Augustine and Peter Lombard, argue that sacraments
A - remind us of previous grace
B - point to future grace
C - cause the grace they signify
What sacrament is this?
Sacred Scripture begins with
-the creation of man and woman in the image and likeness of God
-the Crucifixion of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ
-the Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth
-the sacred covenant with Noah, the sign of which is a rainbow
Sacred Scripture ends with
-the wedding feast of the Lamb
-the Crucifixion of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ
-the Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth
-the Covenant with Moses, the sign of which is circumcision
This prezi is intended for educational use with current students only.
Hagia Sophia (Constantinople) side room with crosses substituted for figures