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BIBLICAL PRINCIPLES

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by

Kahlib Fischer

on 20 June 2016

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Transcript of BIBLICAL PRINCIPLES

BIBLICAL PRINCIPLES
of
Government
&
Criminal Justice

Understanding

COVENANTS
Should we legislate morality?
Thank you!
ADAMIC

Covenant
Made in God's Image (Genesis 1:26) & Inalienable Rights
Free will (Genesis 2:17)
Sanctity of Marriage (Genesis 2:22-25)
The Presence of Sin and the need for (limited) government (Gen. 3:6-13)
Promise of Redemption (Genesis 3:15)
NEW COVENANT: No Government?
Creation and Redemption
Augustine's Two Cities
Sin/Crime Distinction
The need for Covenant
NOAHIC
Covenant
The need for government and capital punishment (Genesis 9:6)

MOSAIC

Covenant
The Sacrifices
Church and State
The role of Covenant
Replaced by Christ's work
Old Testament & New Testament

What can we learn from
these covenants about government?
ADAMIC COVENANT
Made in God's Image (Genesis 1:26)
Free will (Genesis 2:17)
Sanctity of Marriage

The Sacrifices
Point to the need for a Savior (Christ)
Reveal that the State cannot save man
Institutional separation of Church & State
Prophet, Priest & King perform separate functions
CHURCH & STATE


REPLACED BY CHRIST'S WORK

Ceremonial Law
: Christ's sacrifice was final (Hebrews 9:24)
Judicial Law
: Christ took our punishment
Moral Law
: written in our hearts by the Holy Spirit (Jeremiah 31:33, John 14:26, 15:26)
CREATION & REDEMPTION
Still a need for government
Noahic Covenant: still relevant
God's moral laws: still relevant
Redemption exists for all those who put their trust in Christ
I Peter 2: Christians must obey
Romans 13: but government doesn't have unlimited power

Augustine's TWO CITIES
City of God:
Redemption and forgiveness; personal relationship with God
City of Man:
For all mankind; God's rules for government are still relevant
SIN-CRIME DISTINCTION
All Crimes are sins, but not all sins are crimes
Crimes = violations of inalienable rights
We lay our lives down for Christ and for others;
But we don't let evil doers exploit us and others!
When can you use force = when government can use force
The Importance of

COVENANT
But even the most arcane of regulations has an implicit moral behind it.
After all, we don't want to be intolerant...
Old Testament = Old Covenants;
New Testament = New Covenant through Jesus Christ
What can we learn about government from these Biblical covenants?
ADAMIC
Covenant
Made in God's Image (Genesis 1:26) & Inalienable Rights
Free will (Genesis 2:17)
Sanctity of Marriage (Genesis 2:22-25)
The Presence of Sin and the need for (limited) government (Gen. 3:6-13)
Promise of Redemption (Genesis 3:15)
NOAHIC
Covenant
The need for government and capital punishment (Gen. 9:6)
The Sacrifices
Church and State
The role of Covenant
Replaced by Christ's work
Separation of power (Executive, legislative, judicial branches)
Rule by consent
Use of a constitution
Sharing power (federalism)
Mutual accountability
So what morals should be enforced?
The Importance of
COVENANT
Mutual accountability (love your neighbor as yourself)
Separation/sharing of powers
Rule by consent
Use of a Constitution (Deuteronomy)

SELF GOVERNMENT &
the laws of man

Laws don't remove evil; laws can only restrain evil
The more we disobey God's law, the more laws we will need
The more laws we have, the less personal freedoms we will have
But the more self-governing we are, the less external governments we have, and
the more freedoms we will possess
The History of
COVENANT
Fedis
& Federalism
Protestant Reformation
From Church Covenants to State Constitutions to our Federal Republic
SUMMARY:
Biblical Principles ensure freedom of conscience
Inalienable Rights
Separation of power
Limited government
Covenant
Caring for one another
MOSAIC

Covenant
THE PROPER USE OF FORCE
YES
: To fight evil, specifically those violating the inalienable rights of others or oneself.
NO
: to force people to accept the Gospel.
"Selfless Self-Defense" :
Pacifism in the midst of protecting oneself can enable evil-doers to exploit others too.
Laying our lives down for Christ means being insulted, persecuted, and for some, sadly, torture and imprisonment
But citizens and nations should oppose any system of government or group that would try to torture or imprison any one for matters of conscience.

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