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Transcript of Pearl Harbor
"Americans did not take their beating lying down." Many soldiers found what ever ammunition they could and fired at the attacking planes. Even handguns were shot with the rage of retaliation.
Why did Japan Attack?
September 1940, The United States placed an embargo on Japan. This prohibited exports of steel, scrap iron and oil to Japan.
Japan wanted to expand throughout the world and gain power. They wanted control over Hawaii because it was a perfect place for a naval base.
Japan and Germany had a signed pact that told Japan that Germany had their backs.
Hitler influenced Japan to attack the U.S. so that we wouldn't get involved with what was going on in Europe.
However, FDR knew that in Europe we had a bigger threat. We went to fight there first although, back at home we were still preparing for war with Japan.
Japan's Master Plan
On Dec 7,1941 a Japanese bomber carrying the symbol of Japan led 360 warplanes for a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor.
A.K.A aerial attack
The Japanese used bomber warplanes and torpedo's.
Japan Created a new torpedo that could swim in shallow waters to detonate the carrier ships
Japan attacked because the U.S wouldn't give them oil.
They wanted to take over the world and Hawaii was a perfect base to do so.
The attack on Pearl Harbor had a total of more than 2,500 American casualties.
More than half of the deaths occurred on the naval battleship USS Arizona which was hit multiple times by Japanese bombers.
In addition to deaths, about 1,200 American's were wounded.
Pearl Harbor Attack
The first attack took place in the water where the USS Ward attacked and sank unidentified submarines in the restricted waters near the entrance of pearl harbor. The Japanese "midget" submarines were meant to penetrate the underwater the defenses of the US. Not one succeeded. 4 were shot down and 1 ran aground.
After the attack the US army took over Hawaii. Airports were completely manned by the army. Every major island was bordered with soldiers. Identification cards became mandatory and the amount of money a citizen could hold was limited to $200 in cash.
Did the U.S know of the attack before?
Hawaii and Japan are about 4,000 miles apart.
The attack lasted 110 minutes, from 7:55 a.m. until 9:45 a.m.
The single vote against Congress's declaration of war against Japan came from Representative Jeannette Rankin of Montana. Rankin was a pacifist who had also voted against the American entrance into World War I. "As a woman," she said, "I can’t go to war, and I refuse to send anyone else."
The United States aircraft carriers, the primary target of the attack, were not at the base at the time
After the Pearl Harbor attack the American people were united in their determination to go to war.
The U.S received a message three days before the attack but it was intercepted and they were attacked without knowledge.
Aerial View of Pearl Harbor
"A date which will live in infamy"