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Imperialism in India

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by

Christine Smith

on 28 February 2013

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Transcript of Imperialism in India

British India Imperialism in Asia -British officers working for British East India Company jailed the Sepoy
-Next day Sepoy forces rebel; take Delhi & spread rebellion to north and central India
-Takes full year for Company to regain control with help of British army
Hindus and Muslims do not unite against British
-Rebellion has consequences Sepoy Mutiny RESENTMENT:
-Resent British control of land
-Resent British control of economy
-Resent constant racism and lack of respect for ethnicity & religion
-Resent attempts to convert them to Christianity Indian Reactions to Imperialism India, 1877 Imperialism in India 1. Discuss the impact of British imperialism in India
2. Look at the Indian reactions to imperialist policies
3. Examine how the British went from having ECONOMIC control over India to having POLITICAL control over India. (Extension of power) Today we will… What are some differences between imperialism in Africa and India?

Did the Sepoy Mutiny end up being more helpful or more harmful for Indians? Some questions to think about Built on resentment and rumors of beef and pork fat used in new gun cartridges
Cows sacred to Hindu & Muslim, and they consider pork unclean
Sepoy refused new cartridges Sepoy Mutiny -Indian life and culture disrupted by British

-British become wealthy by exploiting Indian labor.

-Indians faced poverty and racism

-Indian food crops exported while others converted to cash crops
Meanwhile, Indians starve Imperialism in India World’s 3rd largest rail network
Brings sense of unity
Introduced modern technologies (phones, irrigation canals etc.)
Built system of roads
Ended warfare among local rulers Some “positives” to British imperialism in India India has huge amounts of resources

Cotton , Coffee, Tea, Opium, people (300 million!) Why did Britain care about India? -The largest company in the world

-Controlled all trade from Britain to Asia, and had economic control of India

-Had its own army
-Army was staffed by Sepoys- Indian Soldiers British East India Company British first go to India in 1600s

Mughal (Muslim) Empire falling apart

1757 Robert Clive led the British East India Company to victory over Indian troops

East India Company gains economic power over India British in India Imperialism is conquering using military strength

Dominance:
Economic: source of natural resources
Political: government control
Cultural:
Paternalism: “parenting,” providing for needs without giving rights. “White Man’s Burden”
Assimilation: taking on dominating culture (while erasing the original!) KEY IDEAS to remember In 1858, the British government takes full control of all India

British promise some areas will stay independent, but this does not happen

Period of British government control of India called Raj
-Lasts from 1858 to 1947 The Raj
British/European superiority
-->Racism
Builds resentment amongst Indians The "proper" way of doing things British proud of their “contributions” to Indian culture

-Proud of economic arrangements
-Use Indian labor and resources to make products
-Unlike in Africa, British sell products back to Indians
**Most valuable colony for Britain** The Jewel in the Crown Indian servants meeting the “needs”
of a British Office
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