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French Society in the late 18th century
Transcript of French Society in the late 18th century
1: Social cause - The French society was divided into three estates , the first two consisted of clergy and nobility respectively, the third estate.The members of the 3rd estate struggles while the 1st and 2nd estate enjoyed several privileges.
2: Economic cause- 3rd estate had to pay all the taxes while the other estates were exempted from it.The prices of bread rose which was the main staple diet of the people and there was subsistence crisis.
3: Immediate cause- Rumors spread that the king will order his troops to attack Paris and then 4000- 5000 people gathered and formed people's militia. Louis XVI Louis XVI became the heir to the throne and the last Bourbon king of France upon his father's death in 1765. In 1770, he married Austrian archduchess Marie-Antoinette, the daughter of Maria Theresa and Holy Roman Emperor Francis I. After a slew of governing missteps, Louis XVI brought the French Revolution crashing down upon himself, and in 1793 he was executed. His wife, Marie-Antoinette, was executed nine months later. The 3 estates In the old order, the social groups were called the estates.
French society was divided up into 3 Estates. The social hierarchy was largely defined by which estate you belonged:
*The first estate consisted of the clergy
*The second estate consisted of the nobility
*The third estate consisted of EVERYBODY ELSE The society of Estates The First Estate *They are known as “Those who pray”
*This group belonged to the clergy and made up of less than 1% of the total population of France.
*They owned and controlled over 20% of the land in France.
*Because of religious oaths of poverty, members of the first estate lived modest lives. The Second Estate * They are known as “Those who fight”
* This group consisted of the nobility, outside the monarch.
* Consisted of 0.5% of the total population of France.
* This group of people too were exempt from paying taxes.
* These people were relatively wealthy land owners. Today we will be discussing about: 1. The reason for the revolution
2.King Louie XVI's regin
3.The 3 estates Tale of 2 states ttp://www.biography.com/people/louis-xvi-9386943/videos/louis-xvi-origins-of-the-french-revolution-17754179739 King Louie's Reign Upon his accession the new king found an empty treasury. He realised that long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. Added to this was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. Under LouisXVI, France helped the thirteen American colonies to gain their independence from the common enemy, Britain. The war added more than a billion livres to a debt that had already risen to more than 2billion livres. 3rd Estate 2nd Estate 1st Estate The King God The Privileges of the members of the 1st estate:
* Had their own courts
* Controlled their own land for religious purposes and could never lose it.
* Were exempt from most taxes The Privileges enjoyed by the members of the 2nd estate:
* Were allowed to carry a sword
* Exempt from most taxes
* Exempt from military service (funny considering they were referred to as “those who fight”)
* Received special treatment in courts * They are known as “Those who toil”.
* This group consisted of people who did not fit into the first two groups.
* Consisted of over 95% of the total population of France.
* This group of people paid the most taxes.
*These people were mostly poor peasants. The Third Estate Although the Third Estate owned a majority of the land, the first two estates held a significant and proportionally unfair minority Land and the Three Estates The Meeting of the Estates-General in May 1789 The Estates-General This is what the third estate wanted: They would have to get more radical to achieve it. But, this is what happened in the late 18th century http://www.slideboom.com/presentations/588614/The-French-Revolution---Quiz QUIZ TIME!!!!