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Transcript of Canada's Government
Supreme Court of Canada
The monarchy of our country is the foundation of each branch of the government in both federal and provincial jurisdiction. The person in charge of the monarchy is the monarch. Currently our Monarch is Queen Elizabeth II. This position will be filled for however long she chooses. The next to take her job is determined according to common and statute law. Her jobs in Canada are very limited due to her lack of power. She appoints her representative, the Governor General, on advice of the Prime Minister adn doesnt hav emuch say in any other situations.
The Prime Minister as well as the Governor General is part of the executive branch. The Prime Minister is the head of the party who wins the most seats after an election. As the head of the government their job is to ask the Governor General to name new judges and senators. Also to decide the best time to ask the Governor General to call an election, choose and change the cabinet, and they have a final say in policies of the government in power. As current Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau has more jobs regarding the national aspects of his job as well. He addresses Canadians on issues of national concerns, represents Canada on trips to other countries, speaks on behalf of all Canadians in international meetings and works with provincial premiers to share other responsibilities.
The Governor General is the Queen's representative who watches over government. They are part of the executive branch and acts as an adviser to government. Each Governor General's term will last for a maximum of six years. During this time they will give agreement to bills before they become laws, perform ceremonial functions and give approval to dissolve government when it's term ends.
Canada’s government is a constitutional democracy, meaning that the power of the government is distributed between executive, judicial and legislative branches. Just like a tree the roots are protected by the core which represents our larger roles and the leaves that are the Parliament and Courts, who watch over our people.
House of Commons
The cabinet is an organization of high ranking state officials. They are a group of the Queens council. Each member is assigned a portfolio of responsibilities, usually dealing with a department of government. Cabinet members may also be ministers of state. Each member is is chosen by the Prime Minister before the Governor General officially appoints them. The cabinet is responsible for administration of government.
The House of Commons is a collection of representatives from multiple parties and each province. It provides representation of the country's population in the National Assembly. There are 303 seats distributed to all of the provinces roughly according to population in an area. Canadians elect the candidate in their riding to represent their community. The candidate with the most votes is given a seat that will serve until parliament is dissolved before another election. Members may be part of a party or not, but they all contribute to help with major issues and to formulate federal laws.
The Senate is intended to to regional, provincial and minority interests. It consists of 105 members chosen by the Governor General from different political parties. Over half of the seats in the senate are given to less populated areas to ensure each region is equally represented. Senators participate in debates in the Senate Chamber, review legislation and government estimates, and investigate policy matters and issues of concern to Canadians. The Senate also passes bills after the House of Commons to receive Royal Assent.
The Supreme Court of Canada is the final court of appeal. They decide legal issues of public importance and contribute to the development of each branch of law within Canada. The court consists of nine judges who are appointed by provincial and territorial governments.
The importance of each Canadian's vote is crucial to have a running and fair government. Without a sufficient amount of votes the government may not be chosen correctly. Even with an acceptable amount of vote the Canadian government is fragile and can have issues.
As one of the roots the Legislative Branch makes laws in all three levels of government. It is composed of the Governor General, House of Commons and the Senate.
The Executive Branch makes and administers decisions. This section of government includes the Governor General, Cabinet, and public service.
The Judicial Branch is separate from the other two roots to ensure the government acts within the boundaries of Constitution and the laws of the land. The power of this branch is in the courts and judges who interpret and administer the laws.