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Culture First Nations of Canada
Stereotypes According to the Stats : There are 182,915 Punjabi speaking people in BC and 27,390 of them within the Fraser Valley
The amount of Alcohol related deaths among Aboriginal people is 6x more likely than the general population in the Fraser Valley
20% of total population in Fraser Health are Asian- who are at high risk of Coronary disease resulting in 10% mortality * Stats taken from Fraser Health and Stats Canada Beliefs of First Nations Without Culture there can be no healing Aboriginal languages are based on relationship to the earth. Many first nation groups are fighting to bring their native language to the younger generation so that they might feel connected to their community and to the earth.
“Aboriginal people are less likely to seek help when they have symptoms and more likely to be diagnosed at a later stage of disease than non-Aboriginal people” (Health Council of Canada, 2012) Facts on First Nations The Birth rate among First nations women in the Fraser Valley is almost twice the rate of non-native women. 25 births per 1000 people compared 13.8.
Almost a quarter of these births are to teenagers.“First Nation Youth in Canada are more likely to be incarcerated than graduate from high school.” (First Nation Child and Family Caring Society of Canada, 2003) First Nations Correct Communication, Teaching and Learning Asian Culture Stereotypes Beliefs of Asian Culture Confucianism, behaviours and ethics that stress the obligations of people to one another based on their relationships. Stresses duty, sincerity, loyalty honor and respect for age and seniority. Important Differences about Asian Culture Communication: Non-verbal plays a vital role in communication, such as tone, facial expressions and body language.
Family is an important source of support, immediate and extended. The oldest male in the family is often the decision maker or spokesperson, and their decisions are unquestioned. Hypertension, CVA, Cancer (stomach, liver, cervix, breast), diabetes mellitus, Dementia, Pneumonia, COPD, osteoporosis, arthritis, fractures, tuberculosis, Hepatitis B. Major Health Concerns Asian Culture Correct Communication, Teaching and Learning East Indian Culture Stereotypes Pregnancy for Punjabi Speaking Women Throughout Pregnancy: Limit their food due to their beliefs
Cover their growing bellies
Believe sex during pregnancy is prohibited Major Health Concerns Common Beliefs of East Indian Culture Gurtti
Believe colostrum is dirty, stale, hard to digest
Some will only breast feed for a limited time
Bottling a baby with formula is considered healthy
Non Baptized Sikh vs. Baptized Sikh Studies Have Shown... -Although post partum depression is just as common in South Asian cultures as western cultures, there were different risk factors including low income, birth of a daughter when a son was desired, relationship difficulties with mothers-in-law and parents, adverse life events during pregnancy, and lack of physical help with caring for the baby.
-The disruption of traditional practices, may increase post partum depression.
-A Canadian study found that post partum depression was five times more likely amongst immigrant women.
-Other studies suggest that recent immigrant women who do not speak English as a first language are at risk for developing post partum depression. East Indian Culture Correct Communication, Teaching and Learning Culturally Component Care Ethical responsibility
Better health outcomes
Recognize Personal biases/assumptions & put them aside
Try to find an opportunity to bring together the culture of: the pt., health care providers and health care system
Knowledge & understanding
Support patients who choose to follow their personal, traditional, religious, cultural beliefs
Combining Eastern and Western Practices for the best outcomes for our clients Common Beliefs: Beliefs of Asian Culture Medications: Traditional medicine, herbs, acupuncture, hot/cold, are commonly used instead of the normal medication, as this is thought to work better then prescribed medications. The Consequences of Cultural Bias At least 150,000 children were forced to attend Residential Schools in Canada. While enrolled in these schools, children were exposed to “ sexual and mental abuse, beatings and sever punishments…use of students in medical experiments, and in some cases death.” (National Day of Healing and Reconciliation, Legacy of Hope Foundation and Truth and Reconciliation Commission., 2013)
Of the 80,000 survivors, most of them are in their 40’s or 50’s.
Racism against aboriginals is still evident in the healthcare system, as a result many aboriginal people delay seeking medical care when they are symptomatic. Labor and Delivery: Husbands do not always stay
Pregnancy, having babies and raising them is considered a women’s job
Female family members provide support
C-Sections in India-is considered to be an operation that can be paid for by the wealthy Cardiovascular disease
Dental caries and periodontal disease
Sickle cell disease, in selected populations Conclusion Communication with Individuals: Application of Teaching and Learning Principles in context from different cultures Native Culture
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