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Test Taking Skills

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Liz Miller

on 19 November 2013

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Transcript of Test Taking Skills

TEST TAKING SKILLS
Make your tests count!
Using Context Clues
TAKING TESTS THE SMART WAY
Process of Elimination
Using a process of elimination in choosing the answer on multiple choice tests really means reducing your choices.

You want to eliminate the answers that you know are wrong - thereby greatly improving your odds of being right.

However, sometimes you may not be exactly sure whether an answer is wrong so that you can get rid of it. So what you want to do in that case is to compare one answer to another and determine which answer is "more wrong" than another.
Etymology
Example
Money bewitches people. They fret for it, and they sweat for it. They devise most ingenious ways to get it, and most ingenious ways to get rid of it. Money is the only commodity that is good for nothing but to be gotten rid of. It will not feed you, clothe you, shelter you, or amuse you unless you spend it or invest it. It imparts value only in parting. People will do almost anything for money, and money will do almost anything for people. Money is a captivating, circulating, masquerading puzzle.

Question:
Which of the following best describes the writer's primary purpose in writing this selection?

A) help readers learn to manage their money
B) ridicule those who spend money foolishly
C) list the uses of money
D) explain the nature of money
Etymology is the study of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time.

By an extension, the term "etymology (of a word)" means the origin of a particular word.
Root Words
Many of the words we use come from a root word. Once you pull off any prefixes or suffixes, the root will be normally at the front or the back of the remaining word.

For example, in a word such as scissors, the root word is sciss, which means cut.
Prefixes
Suffixes
The 20 Most Common Prefixes in Academic Texts
Prefix Meaning Examples
1. un-not; opposite uncover, unlock, unsafe
2. re- again; back rewrite, reread, return
3. in-, im-, ir-, i not; into incorrect, insert, inexpensive,
4. dis- away, apart, negative discover, discontent, distrust
5. en-, em- cause to enjoy, endure, enlighten, entail
6. non- not nonsense, nonverbal, nonstick, nonspecific
7. in-, im-in, into invade, implant
8. over- too much overload, overdo, overact, overboard, overdose
9. mis- wrongly misjudge, misinterpret, misguided,
10. sub- under submarine, subtext, substandard,
11. pre- before preview, pretest, prevent, preplan
12. inter- between, among international, intermission, intermingle, interface
13. fore- before foreshadow, foresight, foreseeable, forecast,
14. de- opposite of defrost, depose, detour, debug, decaffeinated
15. trans- across; move, between transatlantic, transcend, transfer, transact,
16. super- above supersonic, superstar, supernatural, superstore
17. semi- half semicircle, semiprecious, semicolon, semifinal
18. anti- against antifreeze, antithesis, antitrust, antidote,
19. mid- middle midterm, Midwest, midstream, midway, midnight
20. under- too little; not enough underfed, underdog, underestimate, underage
Root Words Can Have Their Own Meaning

Aqua - means water. Aquamarine
Arbor - means tree. Arboreal
Audio - means sound or hearing. Audible
Bell - means war. Bellicism
Dict - means say. Dictation
Geo - means earth. Geography
Graph - means write. Graphics
Hydra - means water. Hydrofoil
Man - means hand. Manual
Min - means small. Minimal
Nov - means new. Novice
Path - means feeling or suffering. Pathetic and Apathy
Sol - means sun. Solar
Therm - means heat. Thermometer
Vac - means empty. Vacuum
Vent - means opening to let air in. Ventilate
Vit - means life. Vitamin

Root Words Can Be Partial Words

Acri - means bitter. Acrimony
Carn - means flesh. Carnivorous
Corp - means body. Corporal punishment
Deca - means ten. Decade
Erg - means work. Energy
Gen - means birth. Genesis
Lum - means light. Luminary
Sen - means old. Senior
Tele - means far. Telephone
Vor - means eat greedily. Devour
Some Common Root Words

Act - means to move or do.
Ambul - means move or walk.
Auto - means self or same.
Cardio - means heart.
Cede - means go.
Counter - means against or opposite.
Demo - means people.
Derma - means skin.
Equi - means equal.
Ex - means out or away.
Extra - means outside.
Hypno - means sleep.
In and im - means not.
Intra - means within or into.
Ject - means to throw.
Mal - means bad.
Mangi - means big or great.
Multi - means many.
Omni - means all.
Poly - means many.
Script - means write.
Sect - means cut.
Semi - means half.
Un - means not.
Vis, vid - means see.
When you come across a word you don't know, don’t stop reading. You can often figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word by using the words around it. The surrounding sentence or paragraph is known as the context.
Here's an example: Sue's boss was a callous man. He did not react to her tears and apologies.

From the context you know that a callous man does not react to tears and apologies. Callous means “hard-hearted” or "insensitive to emotion."


Common Suffixes
Noun Suffixes
Suffix Meaning Example

-acy state or quality privacy
-al act or process of refusal
-ance, -ence state or quality of maintenance, eminence
-dom place or state of being freedom, kingdom
-er, -or one who trainer, protector
-ism doctrine, belief communism
-ist one who chemist
-ity, -ty quality of veracity
-ment condition of argument
-ness state of being heaviness
-ship position held fellowship
-sion, -tion state of being concession, transition

Verb Suffixes

-ate become eradicate
-en become enlighten
-ify, -fy make or become terrify
-ize, -ise become civilize

Adjective Suffixes

-able, -ible capable of being edible, presentable
-al pertaining to regional
-esque reminiscent of picturesque
-ful notable for fanciful
-ic, -ical pertaining to musical, mythic
-ious, -ous characterized by nutritious, portentous
-ish having the quality of fiendish
-ive having the nature of creative
-less without endless
-y characterized by sleazy
Wrong answers are often easier to find.

Look for extremes like "never" "only" "always" in Critical Reading;

Look for opposites in the Math section like a substitution of –1 for 1.

Look for words that sound similar in the Writing section like "conjunctive" and "subjunctive."
Finding Wrong Answers Is Easier
One or more of these will likely (not always) be wrong
Write in the test booklet or take notes.
Use your pencil to physically scratch out wrong choices, write down formulas and equations, solve math problems, outline, paraphrase and underline to help you read. No one is going to read what you wrote in the test booklet, except your answers, so use it to your advantage.
Statistics prove that your first answer choice is usually correct. Do not go back through the test and change your answers, unless your sure of the change. Your first instinct is typically correct.
Don't second-guess yourself.
Skip Questions You Aren't Sure of and Go Back Later
If you aren't sure of a question, skip it and come back. Often times clearing your head and looking at it a second time can bring a new perspective and help you solve it.
1. Eliminate outliers. Outliers are answer choices that lie outside of the realm of plausibility.

2. Test-makers usually include one answer choice that is obviously wrong, sometimes even a little silly. Eliminate this one.

3. Also look for answer choices that sound perfectly fine, but don’t answer the question asked. There is often one of these; eliminate it, too.

4. Eliminate any others you know are wrong. If you are taking a paper-and-pencil test mark the answers you eliminate with a pencil in your test booklet so you don’t get confused. If you’re taking a test on a computer, you’ll need to remember which ones you eliminate.

Eliminating Outliers - Steps
Example 2
1. In the northern hemisphere, the day of the year with the longest time between sunrise and sunset occurs when the rays of the sun make a right angle with earth at the

(a) North Pole

(b) Equator

(c) Tropic of Capricorn

(d) Tropic of Cancer

(e) Greenwich Meridian
Guess the Root of the Word
astronaut
biology
cardiac
precede
chromatology
democracy
epidermis
dynamic
geology
heliotrope
hydroponics
hypnosis
monoplane
orthodox
Astro - star
bio - life
cardio - heart
cede - go
chromo - color
demos - people
derma - skin
dyna - power
geo - earth
helio - sun
hydro - water
hypno - sleep
mono - one
ortho - straight
Check Your Answers
If your not sure of the meaning of the root word, then try to think of other words with similar roots, and what they mean.
Note Prefixes, Suffixes, and Root Words
unreadable
nonconformist
misunderstanding
requirement
extremely
thoughtfulness
fearlessness
reconsider
inability
disappointment
Julie bought a gift for her mom at a cart in the mall. The kiosk sells special chocolate candies.

In this sentence, the word kiosk means
a) car
b) office
c) department
d) cart

A limerick is a fun way to use words. You can make up poems, rhymes, and songs.

In this sentence, the word limerick means
a) verse
b) copy
c) report
d) text


An evanescent ring surrounded the moon as it rose. It was there for a moment, and then it disappeared.

In this sentence, the word evanescent means
a) full
b) bright
c) brief
d) ongoing

She winced in pain when the rock fell on her foot.

In this sentence, the word winced means
a) flinched
b) cried
c) jumped
d) screamed
Context Clues
Context Clues to Kanye West
Context Clues pictures
Word Attack!
http://www.flocabulary.com/context-clues/

Additional Songs
Context Clues
Before 1916 grocery shoppers were served by clerks. When the first serve-yourself market, Piggly-Wiggly, was opened, grocery store owners laughed and said the public would boycott the store. But the daring man who thought of the idea, Clarence Saunders, believed he could save money by having customers serve themselves from open shelves. “They’ll put you out of business; they’ll boycott you,” and some of his competitors. “They’ll steal you blind,” said others. As it turned out, Saunders was right. By getting rid of the clerks and cutting out their salaries, he saved the customers money on their groceries, and far from boycotting him, they supported him and his
merchandizing idea enthusiastically.
What does boycott mean?
Resources
Dictionary:
http://www.merriam-webster.com/
http://dictionary.reference.com/

Thesaurus: - To find Antonyms and Synonyms
http://thesaurus.com/

Etymology: - Find the root of the word and origin
http://www.etymonline.com/

Translator:
http://www.wordreference.com/

5-Finger Typing:
http://www.typingweb.com/tutor/
READ THE DIRECTIONS
Often times students miss points or do not understand something because they did not bother to read the directions. This is just silly!
Read the directions at least 2 times.
Then, and ONLY then, if you do not understand ask the teacher! :D
Select the correct answers.
Ms. Miller likes

a) dogs
b) students
c) chocolate
d) tea
Use Past Questions to Help You!
Who does Ms. Miller like

a) chocolate
b) students
c) traveling
d) books
In Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet the Nurse

a) works at the hospital
b) is related to Juliet
c) is a friend
d) is the caretaker of Juliet since she was a child
Select the best possible answer.
Thought Process:
1) Shakespeare wrote in the past, so maybe the meaning of Nurse is not the same as today.
2) She is not related to Juliet, it never says that - eliminate
3) No one talks about her working in a hospital - eliminate
4) Well she kind of acts like Juliet's friend and she takes care of her, which is best though?
Well she was taking care of Juliet as a baby, before Juliet could make friends. Therefore, D is the best answer.
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