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Narrative Theory - 9
Transcript of Narrative Theory - 9
What does it mean?
To understand how to apply narrative theories to film.
The city is over run with
A series of connected events
that come together to tell a story.
When we study films we look at how stories are told to us – their structure, the characters that tell the story and the meanings we get from these stories.
What is a narrative theory?
There are some
theories which help us understand narrative.
We are going to look
Todorov believed that all narratives followed
the same pattern. They start off normal, then there is a
disruption and then it all goes back to a state of equilibirum.
Vladimir Propp suggested that there were the same type of characters in each film.
Propp's narrative theory
The Princess - damsel in distress
The Hero - protagonist
The Helper - sidekick
The Villian - antagonist
Some of Propp's
Your task: in groups you are
going to create a short story, including Propp's characters and Todorov's equilibrium/disequilibrium theory.
Binary Opposites - Levi Strauss
He believed that a narrative was made up of opposites, for example:
Good v Bad
Strong v Weak
Human v Machine
Light v Dark
Enigma theory - Barthes
Roland Barthes created this theory. He suggested that narratives always make the audience ask questions.
Why did that happen?
Who killed the girl?
What will happen next?
He claimed these questions created an
, and audiences would want to keep watching.
(Narrative basically means the storyline)
Think of a film which you think applies to each theory and summarize it in a paragraph. For example:
1). I noticed that Todorov's equilibrium theory fits really well to the film 'Independence Day'. The film starts off....
2). I noticed that I could apply Propp's theory to the film.....because.....
Name of short film
Characters (and which Proppian role they take)
Equilibrium (clear beginning):
Disruption (middle of story):
New equilibrium (end):
Narrative = A series of connected events that come together to tell a story.
When a narrative follows chronological order we can call it
. The narrative is linear.
When the storyline jumps about and is not in chronological order we call in non-linear. The narrative is
Why would a director want to use a non-linear narrative?
Makes the film more exciting for audiences
Go on the internet and get images from various films you like.
Write next to the image what
theory you can apply and explain how.