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Field of Psychology
Transcript of Field of Psychology
6th period The Field of Psychology So What is Psychology? The 5 Waves of Psychology Wave 2: Gestalt Psychology Wave 4: Behaviorism Wave 3: Psychoanalysis Wave 5: Eclectic
Seven Different Schools Of Perspective Psychology is the study of inner feelings and behaviors. The science of psychology started in the late 1800's; however, it has been around longer. Psychology was even around in the Stone Age. We know this because scientists found skulls with holes in them. This method, trephination, was used to let the evil spirits out. Wave 1: Introspection Gestalt Psychology was the next way of thinking, which was led by Max Wertheimer. He believed it was not how we feel, but how we experience that effects our lives. Gestalt Psychology formed as a response to Wundt's functionalism. This was a school of thought that looked at the human mind and behavior as a whole. Psychoanalysis started with Sigmund Freud in the early 1900's. Freud believed that most feelings came from a hidden place (the unconsciousness) or early childhood memories. Even though it was eventually replaced by behaviorism, Freud and psychoanalysis both had an impact on psychology and psychotherapy. Behaviorism started in the mid 1900's around the conservative 1950's. Behaviorists believed that our responses to our environment shaped our behavior. Behaviorism states that behavior can be studied in an observable manner with no consideration of internal feelings. During this wave, psychologists picked and chose what theories to use depending on the situation and the client. All of the theories were used or considered. Biopsychology (Neuroscience)
This version of thinking started with William Wundt's first psychological lab and his introspection. William James wrote The "Principles of Psychology" and discussed functionalism. Structuralism and Functionalism were key components of this era.
Introspection: examining our thoughts and feelings "looking within" This perspective claims that all of your feelings and behaviors come from the brain, an organic root. Evolutionary This perspective describes how behaviors are inherited from ancestors that survived. Charles Darwin studied this perspective. Psychoanalytic This perspective focuses on the unconscious thoughts and represses the true feelings. It brings forward the true feelings that are in the unconscious. Behavioral Behavioral perspective focuses on observable behaviors while putting emotions to the side. To change behaviors, psychologists had to condition their clients. Humanist This perspective took place in the 1990's and the 1970's and broadcasted free will and spirituality. Happiness was described as the distance between our "self-concept" and "ideal self". Cognitive This perspective is how we think and encode information. It explains how we act during happy or sad events. Social-Cultural This last perspective pertains to behavior and emotions. It deals with people interacting with others and how a culture has an impact on behaviors and feelings. Summary of Psychology There are more than one or two parts of psychology. Psychology studies the brain, behavior, interacting, even day to day life and how we live it. Without psychology there would be no clear understanding of how we function and why we do what we do.