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Imperialism in Uganda

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Mitchell Geier

on 22 March 2013

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Transcript of Imperialism in Uganda

Before Imperialism Before the British dominated Kenya and Uganda in 1890, Uganda was ruled by governors subordinate to the king. There was a power struggle between some of the governors and the king. The land was divided by nobility and farmed by peasants. The great king was from Bunyoro, the Bantu were agriculturalists, the Nilotic were cattle herders, there were also smaller kingdoms: Buganda (most powerful), Ankole and Toro. Uganda was one of latest parts of Africa to convert to Christianity, but in 25 years became one of the most successful mission fields in all of Africa. The Christians and the Muslim traders had conflict which caused a war just before Britain took over. It’s safe to say that colonialism had a great effect on Uganda. During Imperialism After Imperialism Independence Effects of Imperialism Imperialism Analysis
Uganda Now, Uganda gained independence over Britain in 1962. After being under British rule for over 70 years, finally broke free of British reign. Surprisingly, independence came without struggle. The British came up with a timetable for withdrawal and the Ugandan government emerged in response to this, instead of winning it. 1870 1877 1884 1885 1890 1894 1904 1958 1962 Fear of attack from Egypt.
1870 British missionaries enter Uganda
to convert to the Catholic religion.
This would be the first step for
imperialising Uganda.
1877 British make Ugandans agree
to change to a different overlord. This overlord would be controlled by the British and that would make it easier for them to indirectly colonize them.
1884 The Berlin Conference. This was where
all the European countries that were fighting
over Africa went to meet and divide Africa up.
Coming out of the "Berlin Conference" Uganda was one of the many countries that Britain was given.
1885 British take over Uganda. This is the
actual year that Britain started to dominate
and assimilate Uganda.
1890 Uganda becomes a British protectorate. This is where
Uganda signed multiple treaties with Britain giving them rights to be able to harvest their cotton in exchange for protection.
1894 Commercial cultivation of
cotton begins. This is where british rulers make the indigenous Ugandans harvest the vast amount of raw cotton, which then sold for british profit.
1904 Uganda given internal self-government. The British then start to leave Uganda. The British are starting to give rights back to the Ugandans including their government. This will be one of the first steps of decolonization.
1958 Uganda becomes independent with Milton Obote as Prime Minster and with Buganda enjoying considerable autonomy. This means that Britain is now almost completely decolonized Uganda, they now have an Prime Minister native to Uganda.
1962 By: Mitchell and Natalie Bibliography http://timerime.com/en/timeline/632321/Imperialism+in+Uganda/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21548259 History of Uganda The British started to imperialise Uganda in 1890. During that time the British tricked the Ugandan rulers into signing treaties that allowed Britain to take their natural resources and in return they would provide protection for Ugandans from other imperialist countries as well as other African tribes. The Ugandans signed many treaties and really did not know what they were giving away. After the treaties were signed Britain reneged on the treaties and moved in armies treacherously to subdue and colonize the same people they promised to protect. Britain then allied themselves with certain Ugandans who then would become part of their military and fight to imperialise Uganda by making the indigenous people do forced labor. Most of the forced labor that happened in Uganda was to harvest raw cotton needed for textile mills in Britain. Britain ruled by paying large numbers of Ugandans to serve in their armies. Only few British officers commanded these armies. Britain ensured that on both sides of any battles, the casualties would be Ugandan. Essentially Britain was indirectly ruling Uganda. In 1962 Uganda was finally provided independence by Britain, this took 72 years. Uganda has a democratic government system. Uganda now wants to popularize cultural diffusion/infusion. For example, the African language, Swahili, is being spread widely from Uganda. Many people have different opinions about whether colonialism was a bad or good thing. Without it, Uganda wouldn't have been as advanced or connected to the rest of the world, but it also wasn't good because they weren't in control over their own country for over 70 years.
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