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GANDHI: HIS LIFE

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ye fan

on 29 May 2010

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Transcript of GANDHI: HIS LIFE

MOHANDAS GANDHI: HIS IDEAS, HIS BELIEFS, HIS LIFE IDEAS Satyagraha The concept of Gandhian economics involves 2 main factors: Swadeshi , and simple living. gandhian economics his life combines the words ‘truth’ and ‘holding on with force’ to form a meaning of non-violent resistance
It involves changing the opponent’s mindset
Is not based on brute force/hatred, instead uses ‘truth force’ or ‘the force of love’
-It seeks to convert the tyrant, not destroy him
childhood and youth
Gandhi in South Africa SWADESHI SIMPLE LIVING which includes... Ahimsa (non-violence) In most of his strikes, Gandhi and his followers were attacked

No response with any form of aggression, but simply continue to protest until their demands were made

This idea causes the enemy to question their moral conscience and in the end finally give in gandhi's legacy Gandhi stressed principles of Swadeshi [self-sufficiency ]
Envisioned villages to be locally sustainable, producing
what it needs without heavy reliance on foreign sources Gandhi promoted Non-violence
Highly relevent and widely practised by many of his followers
however...
•Gandhi's Ideal of Non-violence abandoned
by India's Leaders

•third-largest military force in the world

•India and Pakistan have fought three wars over Kashmir: in 1947 , 1965 and 1999

•India became a nuclear power in 1974, and has refused to sign the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.

however...
Jawaharlal Nehru, India's Prime Minister after independence worked to industrialize the country in opposition to Gandhi's Vision


In direct translation, the term 'swadeshi' means self-sufficiency. It means for a country to produce its own resources,
Designed to work in such a way that it benefits India not at the expense of other countries
Opposes the idea of British monopoly, and encourages self-suffiency This is the concept of living in simplicity.

letting go of materialistic belongings and desires

Upon his death, Gandhi's possessions were taken and valued - they were worth less than $50 in total. THE END contents 1. his life (and a brief introduction)

2. his ideas

3. controversies

4. Gandhi's legacy

5. leadership style and judgement

6. conclusion and lessons learnt
Gandhi: a historical case study by : Sean Tan
Ye fan
Ryan neo
Gabriel kok Gandhi: a historical case study done by: Sean Tan
Ye Fan
Ryan Neo
Gabriel Kok the end on india on people Many famous political leaders like Barrack Obama and Nelson Mandela, shared their views on Gandhi as their inspirations. Martin Luthur King Jr. also emulated Gandhi's policies of non-violence.

controversies experiments experiments with eating meat brahmacharya acts of protest mass civil disobedience hunger strikes rallies and protests led by Gandhi as means to express the people's grudges and unhappiness

usually ended in arrests, injuries and even death

part of the series of protests organised by Gandhi

the concept of self-mutilation to force the opposition to submit

comprises of mass hunger strikes

act against religion

under the belief that meat helps his people grow stronger

kept it as a secret from parents to avoid trouble experiments with self control

believes that every man have the ability to exercise self control

practises self control in the presence of opposite sex
why swadeshi? India was going through a period of turmoil, and facing extreme poverty

Gandhi felt that India’s hardships were caused by its reliance on foreign imports

view of industrialism as a scheme to exploit his people and result in poverty An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind. - Mohandas Gandhi

Violence is never the solution

Possible to resist evil and yet not resort to violence
THANK YOU gandhi's of exemplary leadership Model the Way
"We must become the change we want to see in the world" - Mahatma Gandhi
Inspire a Shared Vision
Purna Swaraj (complete self-rule) Enable Others to Act
“Christ gave us the goals and Mahatma Gandhi the tactics." - Martin Luther King Jr. Challenge the Process
Able to innovate Encourage the Heart
Numerous Famous Speeches to keep morale high
Examples of Satyaraha
South Africa, against
- Compulsory registration of Indian population
- A tax imposed on former indentured labourers
India, against
- salt tax India's Leaders imitated Western Economies, building an economy based on large-scale industry and large-scale agriculture conclusion (lessons learnt) any questions? Analysed using the The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership (Kouzes & Posner, 1987) Introduction
There is a certain remoteness about Gandhi


Overly practical and simple
BUT he still connects very significantly with the modern world


Has his weaknesses, of course




Was expected to follow the family tradition

-however, father and grandfather had been prime ministers of the area
-Studied law in London when he was 19
-Failed as a barrister upon his return to India
-Mistreated by the British – so he accepted an invitation to look after a Muslim firm’s legal affairs in South Africa
Born in Porbandar on 2 October 1869 Belonged to the second-lowest Hindu caste
Showed no special ability in childhood Entered South Africa in 1893, and remained there until 1914

Turning point in his life -Forced to leave his first-class compartment during his train journey to Pretoria
-Left as a prominent leader and an advocate of Satyagraha Imbued a new spirit of resistance and rebellion amongst the Indian community Gandhi in India Slow to turn against the British
-Still willing to cooperate with foreign occupiers
-Wanted to liberate the British from their colonial mindsets without turning violent
-Set up several places of religious retreats
-The career-defining Salt March -British imprisoned him along with several other leaders
-Gandhi retaliated by fasting for 3 weeks, but in vain
Suffered injustice at the hands of the British Believed in spiritual preparation for great tasks
Fought injustice through many acts of non-violent resistance Death Gandhi efforts were highly misunderstood by extreme Hindus

On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated by Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse
Why is this controversial? The intake of meat is strictly forbidden in his religion
-idea of 'you are what you eat' -by hiding these shameful acts he had already betrayed his principle of truth Secrets and lies These experiments are of sexuality, a sensitive subject Why is this controversial?
Why is this controversial Raised even more problems for the Indian community -British retaliates 'Leading his people to their doom' Why is this bad? The act of self mutilation in itself is wrong both morally and physically -there are actually cases of people starving to death for their causes In mass hunger strikes... Revered as a spiritual leader by many, but is Gandhi
really the role model as he is deemed? -Too frugal for us to relate to
-Too religious -Method of opposing tyranny through non-violence
-Emphasis on self-reliance "May I also say that, since being in India, I am more convinced than ever before that the method of non-violent resistance is the most potent weapon available to oppressed people in their struggle for justice and human dignity.”-Excerpt of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Radio Address to India – All India Radio – March, 1959 Judgement how will he fare in today's context? THE END ANY QUESTIONS?
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