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Intro to Romanticism

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Claire Harley

on 6 October 2015

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Transcript of Intro to Romanticism

The Results of Romanticism
Individualism + Optimism
selfishness & pessimism
addiction to despair & woe
worship of outcasts & irrelevant chivalrous ideals
Worship of Supernatural
& Natural
created fear of unknown
pantheism (Nature = God)
exaltation of primitive man
Benefits of Romanticism
spread of Democracy to all
revitalization of art
creation of American ideals: nature, radicalism, love, folk tales, adventure, introspection, social change
Political Turmoil
mob mentality
The Causes of Romanticism
Counter-Enlightenment: revolt against the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment
Causes of Romanticism
Manifest Destiny
1810-1860 population increases from 7 million to 30 million people
English Romantic Literature
Poets: Wordsworth, Coleridge, Keats, Lord Byron, Percy Shelley, Blake
Values from the Revolutionary Era
Nationalism: patriotic songs, American paintings, grand monuments
Individualism/Idealism: forming or pursuing ideals, especially unrealistically
Religion: Revivalism, Transcendentalism, Unitarianism
Industrial Revolution
Created a sharp contrast between rich and poor

Characteristics of Romanticism
Exaltation of nature - wild and untamed
Interest in Unusual
Gothic, supernatural, mysterious
Emotion Over Reason

Focus on the psyche of characters
Intro to American Romanticism

escape from modern reality of Industrial Revolution
against the scientific rationalization of nature
Twice as many states created
shift westward to Ohio
Manifest Destiny: widely held belief in the United States that American settlers were destined to expand throughout the continent
Romanticism: the artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850
Novelists: Mary Shelley (Frankenstein), Walter Scott (Ivanhoe), Jane Austen (Pride & Prejudice), Charlotte Bronte (Jane Eyre) and Emily Bronte (Wuthering Heights)
Decline of farm workers - people flock to cities
Huge rise in education and literacy: books, magazines, newspapers, penny press
Quest for "pure" beauty
preferrably enjoyed alone: Emerson (Nature), Thoreau (Walden), Muir (National Parks)
Distant Times and Places
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