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Honors Presentation: Music Genres
Transcript of Honors Presentation: Music Genres
African American forms: spiritual, hymns, work songs, etc.
Creole tradition in New Orleans (around 1900)
Drums and Voodoo
African meets European
Minstrels and Bands The drum "set" was invented by jazz musicians. Jazz
sub-categories By: Virginia Edwards "Man, if you gotta ask...you'll never know." ~Louis Armstrong Hard to define
Jazz is "created in the mind...inspired by passion...[and] willed into music." Truly "made in America." Textbook definition: A genre of music that...
Originated in New Orleans in the early 1900s
Characterized by: “strong, prominent meter, improvisation, distinctive tone colors & performance techniques, and dotted or syncopated rhythmic patterns.” (apassion4jazz.net) The words "cool" and "hip" were originally jazz terms. allaboutjazz.com neworleansonline.com In Jazz, the horn is used to imitate the human voice Some Names to Know Buddy Bolden --> First organized Blues band in 1895, the fore-runner of Jazz
Louis Armstrong ("Satchmo") --> Born August 4th 1901 : the first "genius" of Jazz, king of the improvised solo, and the father of swing rhythm
Duke Ellington --> Born April 29th 1899: master pianist, famous jazz composer, master creator of "Big Band Swing." allaboutjazz.com scholastic.com ...And something to think about VS Louis Armstrong: When the Saints Go Marching In wisegeek.com dancinunlimited.org Classical Various sources give different definitions
Broad and Specific 1. Oxford Dictionary Definition:
"serious music following long-established principles rather than a folk, jazz, or popular tradition."
"(more specifically) music written in the European tradition during a period lasting approximately from 1750 to 1830, when forms such as the symphony, concerto, and sonata were standardized." oxforddictionaries.com yoexpert.com Definition cont. "Kickass Classical" Definition:
"Western and European art music created between 1600 and 1900 (the period known as the "common practice period"), and music created after 1900 that follows the style and tradition of the common practice period, and is created for the sake of the music itself - not as a melody of a song or the score of a movie."
and Romantic periods kickassclassical.com The "Common Practice Period" Characteristics: Particular chord progressions and harmonies (like a formula)
Clear meter/pulses and enunciation
^Once established, these rarely change throughout a section of a composition
Use of different tonal qualities
And, of course, mostly-if not all-instrumental Baroque: 1600-1750 wikipedia.org: common practice period Composers: Johann Sebastian Bach, George Frideric Handel,
Johann Pachelbel, etc. "Highly ornate, colorful and richly textured, " like all of the arts at the time
Opera, too, had its beginnings around 1600
Exploration of emotional expression
Homophonic: "features a clear distinction between the melody line and an subsidiary accompaniment part," but still in the same rhythm
Orchestras and concertos
Virtuoso performers, like Bach with his keyboard geocities.com George Frideric Handel: Sarabande Classical: 1750-1820 Composers: Johann Christian Bach (Sebastian's Son), Ledwig van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, etc. Much simpler, cleaner than Baroque = structural clarity
Mood ,texture, and dynamic changes: joy vs depression/ hard vs soft/ loud vs quiet
Sonatas the most prominent form: "a composition for one or two instruments, typically in three or four movements in contrasted forms and keys."
Growth of public concerts geocities.com finemusicfm.com Beethoven's 5th Symphony Romantic: 1820-Early 1900s Composers: Johannes Brahms, Claude Debussy, Frederic Chopin, and Piotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, etc. "fantasy, spontaneity and sensuality"
More "open" than the other music eras/room
for poetic license
Beethoven was transitional
Virtuoso performers again (like Baroque)
Emphasis on the "men behind the music" Claude Debussy: Arabesque #1, Piano Solo But what about Classical Music today? circa 1915 to Present Day Some romantic influence still
Lots of "neo-isms" = new
technology at play
Debate over relevance geocities.com "That which is now
music was once
and most popular
music. " geocities.com artsjournal.com yoexpert.com The New Guys..... John Cage (1912-1992):
Great American 20th century composer.
Connection with Merce Cunningham
Steve Reich (age 76):
American minimalist composer
Uses steady pulse and simple,
and technology Others: John Adams, Philip Glass, Yiruma pbs.org
londonist.com John Cage: 4'33'' Steve Reich: Music for 18 Musicians World Music Ethnic folk music Foreign-language Pop This covers a lot! World Instrumental about.com literally hundreds of sub-genres! Caribbean Music
Celtic and European Music
Asian and Middle-Eastern Music
K-Pop So basically... "World music is a catch-all term for all traditional or
popular music that doesn’t fall into the U.S. and British
pop or folk traditions... [and]often features the use of
distinctive ethnic styles, scales, instruments, and musical
inflections, all of which are guided by indigenous music
from the region of the music’s origin." musicstack.com Commercial History 1980's: Massive increase in non-English recordings and sales in America and the UK. = increased audience interest
So, 1987: meeting of International Pop labels in the UK...The World Music Campaign
Called by Roger Armstrong, GlobeStyle records
Marketing strategy into whole new genre frootsmag.com musicstack.com Where to start??? Popular World Artists Classic Guys (and Gals):
Bob Marley~Jamaica, Reggae legend
Edith Piaf~French singer
Fela Kuti~Nigeria, multi-instrumentalist
Buena Vista Social Club~Cuba, band
Balkan Beat Box~Eastern Europe, band
Tinariwen~Middle East, band
Celtic Woman~Ireland about.com musicstack.com World Music MYTHS! 1. It's all just drumming and chanting
2. It's always in another language
3. It's not on the radio
4. You can't sing along to it
5. World Music = Third World Music FALSE about.com Edith Piaf : Non, Je ne regrette rien Tinariwen: Tenere Taqqim Tossam Popular Music Time! What is Popular Music, really?.... Popular Music is... [any genre of] music that has wide appeal
Dictated and influenced by music television, radio, record sales, and current public opinion
**Not really a genre in and of itself,** Rather a compilation of many other sub-genres
Not to be confused with "pop" music, which is a sub-genre by itself Speaking of Sub-genres... about.com
R & B
Adult Contemporary "Adult Contemporary"? Actually makes up a lot of the top 40 charts and the radio
Defined as "a style of music, ranging from 1960s vocal and 1970s soft rock music, to predominantly ballad-heavy music of the present day."
Light music/easy listening
simple: verse, chorus, verse, bridge, chorus
sing-along melodies, inoffensive, background music
move to soft rock stations after run on the popular charts wikipedia.org/AdultContemporary This week..... "Home" ~Phillip Phillips
"One More Night" ~Maroon Five
"Wide Awake" ~Katy Perry
"I Won't Give Up" ~Jason Mraz
"Somebody that I Used to Know" ~Gotye billboard.com ....And on the Popular Charts... 1. "Thrift Shop" ~Macklemore & Ryan Lewis Featuring Wanz
2. "Locked Out of Heaven" ~Bruno Mars
3. "Scream & Shout" ~Will.i.am & Britney Spears
4. "Ho Hey" ~The Lumineers
5. "I Knew You Were Trouble" ~Taylor Swift Jazz
http://worldmusic.about.com/od/worldmusic101/tp/WorldMusicMyths.htm Sources Popular
http://www.billboard.com/charts/hot-100 So, to Review... World Music is... Popular Music is... Classical Music is... Jazz Music is... A genre of American music that came out of New Orleans in the early 20th century and is characterized largely by strong beats, improvisation, and personal flare. A genre of music written by great masters between 1600 and 1900 that follows specific structural forms and has stood the test of time. Music from non-Western cultures, with styles specific to the region of origin. A blanket term for any style of music that is currently popular today based on the opinion of the general public, record sales, media, and other social factors.