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Story Elements

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amanda heins

on 20 September 2014

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Transcript of Story Elements

The people/creature/etc to whom things happen or those who take action in the story

Characters can be round or flat

Protagonist vs. Antagonist
What happens in a story
The sequence of events

How we track a plot
Exposition -characters, setting, conflict introduced
Rising Action - the events that happen because of the central conflict
Climax - the highest point of interest or suspense
Falling Action - tension eases, characters begin to solve the central conflict
Resolution - all loose ends are tied up, the conflict is solved
Dramatic struggle between two or more forces

Without conflict there is no plot
character vs character
character vs nature
character vs society
character vs fate

character vs self
The location of the events in the story
The time of the events in the story

Details can describe environment, room, furniture, customs, clothing, dialect, time of year, time of day, etc

Functions of Setting
to create mood or atmosphere
to show a different way of life
to make the story seem more real
to be the source of struggle
to symbolize an idea
What makes up a story?
Story Elements
Point of View
How the story is told/ Who is telling it

First person
uses I, me, we

Third person
uses he, she, they
Omniscient - narrator knows all the characters' thoughts and feelings
Limited - narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of only one character
Special Techniques
Suspense - excitement, tension, curiosity

Foreshadowing - hint or clue about what will happen

Flashback - interrupts the normal sequence to tell something that happened earlier

Symbolism - specific objects to represent ideas

Personification - a non-human thing acting as a human would

Surprise Ending - conclusion that the reader does not expect
Mood - the feeling created by words used and description

Created through
tone - the attitude the writer has
diction - the words the writer chooses to use
Central idea or underlying meaning in a story

Can be stated directly or indirectly

Common themes
social pressure
Full transcript