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edralin de vera

on 8 May 2010

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Transcript of Argumentation

Art of Argumentation and Case Building
Is there a need for an argument? Yes there is. There is always something to be said and explained. What are arguments? They are proofs derived from logical explanation and
facts used to either support or oppose a topic/stand. THINGS TO NOTE: There is something to be proven. An argument relies on logic. It becomes more persuasive when derived from or supported by facts (“matter”). Therefore, Arguments are statements of analysis. It is your basic weapon your ability to ask questions. Questions like: What Why When Where How SO WHAT!!! SPEAKING CONSTRUCTIVELY Banner Statement/Label 1. Phrase or sentence that encapsulates
the argument 2.Reminder: use simple words especially for complex arguments 3. Give more emphasis on analysis than on packaging Note that banner statements provide the first impression to your argument,
so your choice of words is paramount. Establishment of premises a. Premises are facts or generally accepted notions
that serve as the foundation of the case. b. Two ways to use premises: b1. Give all the premises at the start of argumentation. b2.Ration off premises in different parts of the argument with logical explanations. Logical Implications and Extensions –Logical implications are semi-conclusions
that you can derive from premises you already have. (SO WHAT?) –Logical extensions are causal or analysis links from one logical implication to another. (HOW?) –The chain of logical implications and extensions must link all the premises with the conclusion. Illustrative example •Concretization of general analysis •Illustrates the steps in the logical extension and presents a realistic bigger picture where your argument will be in. •Use your matter to make it more realistic... a. Previous experiences b. Case studies c. Street knowledge Conclusion and Tieback –What does all the things you say lead to?
Conclusion summarizes your argument and then highlights its: –relevance to your stand –importance in assessing the issue –Conclusions must explain why the idea you presented answers your burden of proof.
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