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report on phil.history
Transcript of report on phil.history
-He was among the founders of La Solidaridad and Asociacion Hispano-Filipino
-He wrote Ang Wika at Lahi
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
University of Santo Tomas
Unversidad de Cental de Madrid
Marcelo H. del Pilar
Graciano Lopez Jaena
The Propaganda Movement and The Awakening of The National Consciousness
In 1898, Emilio Aguinaldo chose him to represent the first Philippine Republic.
He fled to France and later went to Hongkong
He wrote in the propaganda publication La Solidaridad (The Solidarity).
Ponce was imprisoned when the revolution began on August 1896
He traveled to japan to seek aid ,
and purchase weapons
but was later released
Jose Ramos Ishikawa (Filipino-Japanese)
But the shipment did not reach the Philippines due to a typhoon off the coast of formosa.
Mariano returned to manila with his wife
a japanese girl named
Leadership in the Reform Movement
Graciano Lopez Jaena
is it a
The Propaganda Movement for all its due was able to attain some of the reforms that were demanded. Examples of these are the ff;
*Abolition of the tobacco monopoly in 1882.
*Abolition of the hated tribute in 1885.
*Creation of the office of civil governor for every regular province and making the alcalde mayor as judge of the court of first instance.
*Extension of the Spanish Penal Code to the Philippines in 1887.
*Establishment of city government in Cebu, Iloilo, Jaro, Batangas, Albay, Naga and Vigan.
There are various causes given that may led to the failure of the propaganda movement. The following are hereby enumerated as follows:
1.The obvious lack of funds and financial support which hampered the operations of organization.
2.The lack of unity as well as political differences among the leaders of the movement.
3.Some propagandists lose track of their vision.
4.Lastly, Spain herself is involved in many domestic problems taht is why the colony was not given due attention.
This is the foremost organ / newspaper of the propaganda movement. It reflected the visions as well as the aspirations for reforms by the propagandists. The very first editor in chief was Graciano Lopez Jaena.
In 1891, he collected his speeches and articles and incorporated them in his book entitled Discursos y Articulos Varios.
On october 31, 1889, Lopez-Jaena passed the editorship to Marcelo del Pilar, who left his family in the Philippines, went to Spain, and literally gave his life for the newspaper.
AIMS OF LA SOLIDARIDAD
1.The removal of the friars and the secularization of parishes.
2.Active participation of the filipino in the affairs in the government.
3.Freedom of speech, press and assembly.
4.Equality before the law.
5.A wider social and political freedom.
6.Assimilation to become regular province of spain and not as colony.
7.Representation to spanish cortes
(under M.H. del Pilar). With M.H. del Pilar at the helm, the La Solidaridad was further invigorated to attain the following
THE LA LIGA FILIPINA
On July 3, 1892, upon Rizal's second homecoming, he established on July 3, 1892 a socio civic organization known as the La Liga Filipina.
La Constitucion de
La Liga Filipina
1.To unite the whole archipelago into one compact, vigorous, and homogenous body.
2.Mutual Protection in every want and necessity.
3.Defense against all violence and injustice.
4.Encouragement of instruction, agriculture and commerce
5.Study and application of reforms
When he returned to the Philippines, he was made director of El Renacimiento in 1909. He also joined the Nacionalista Party and established El Ideal, the party's official organ. He later ran for a seat in the Philippine Assembly and was elected assemblyman for the second district of Bulacan. Ponce wrote his memoirs, Cartas Sobre La Revolucion, before he died in Hong Kong.
Antonio and Juan Luna y Novicio
Antonio Luna de San Pedro y Novicio-Ancheta (October 29, 1866 – June 5, 1899)
Antonio Luna was born in Urbiztondo, Binondo, Manila.
He obtained the degree of Licentiate in Pharmacy from the University of Barcelona.
in 1890 obtained the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy from the Universidad Central de Madrid.
In Spain, he became one of the Filipino expatriates
He wrote a piece titled Impressions
Luna published in 1893 a scientific treatise on malaria entitled El Hematozoario del Paludismo (Malaria), which was favorably received in the scientific community.
Graciano Lopez Jaena - was born in the town of Jaro now part of Iloilo city on December 18, 1856. His parents were Placido Lopez and Maria Jacoba Jaena, His mother taught him the alphabet. At the age of six, he was tutored by Father Francisco Jayme, a Filipino priest who was then teaching in Colegio Provincial in Jaro. He entered the seminary of San Vicente Ferrer at the age of 14 were he studied theology and Philosophy. He preferred to become a physician rather than to become a priest. With the help of his relatives, he went to Manila to sought entrance at the medical collage of Sto.Tomas. However he was rejected by the University for he did not have the required degree of Bachelor of Arts. He then worked in San Juan De Dios Hospital because he is determined to learn medicine.
Marcelo H. del Pilar
Marcelo H. Del Pilar - was born in Kupang, Bulacan, on August 30, 1850 to cultured parents. He studied at the Colegio de San Jose and later at the University of Sto. Tomas, where he finished his law course in 1880. Fired by a sense of justice against the abuses of the clergy, Del Pilar attacked bigotry and hypocrisy and defended in court the improverished victims of racial discrimination. He later married his cousin Marciana del Pilar in 1878. They had seven children. Plaridel established the Diariong Tagalog in 1882 to publish observations and criticisms on how the Spanish government in the Philippines was run. Pedro Serranno Laktaw helped him publishing "Dasalan at Tuksuhan" and the "Pasyong Dapat Ipag-alab ng Puso ng Taong Bayan".
José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896), was a Filipino nationalist and reformist. He is considered one of the national heroes of the Philippines, together with Andrés Bonifacio. Studying in Europe, he was the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He was wrongly implicated as the leader of the Katipunan Revolution, and that led to his execution on December 30, 1896, now celebrated as Rizal Day, a national holiday in the country.
Rizal was born to a wealthy family in Calamba, Laguna and was the seventh of eleven children. He attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, earning a Bachelor of Arts diploma and studied medicine at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila. He continued his studies at the Universidad Central de Madrid in Madrid, Spain, earning the degree of Licentiate in Medicine, making him eligible to practice medicine. He also attended lectures at the University of Paris and the University of Heidelberg.
In 1894, he went back to the Philippines where he took the competition for chief chemist of the Municipal Laboratory of Manila, came in first and won the position.
He and his brother Juan also opened the Sala de Armas, a fencing club, in Manila. When he learned of the underground societies that were planning a revolution and was asked to join
the Luna brothers were arrested and jailed in Fort Santiago for "participating" in the revolution.
His statement concerning the revolution was one of the many statements used to nail down the death sentence for José Rizal. Months later, José and Juan were freed but Antonio was exiled to Spain in 1897, where he was imprisoned at the Cárcel Modelo de Madrid.
Upon his release, Luna studied field fortifications, guerrilla warfare, organization, and other aspects of military science under Gerard Leman, who would later be the commanding general of the fortress at Liège.
Juan Luna y Novicio (October 23, 1857 – December 7, 1899)
was a Filipino painter, sculptor and a political activist of the Philippine Revolution
His winning the gold medal in the 1884 Madrid Exposition of Fine Arts, along with the silver win of fellow Filipino painter Félix Resurrección Hidalgo,
Luna painted literary and historical scenes, some with an underscore of political commentary. His allegorical works were inspired with classical balance, and often showed figures in theatrical poses.
Spoliarium, 1884, National Museum of the Philippines.
The Death of Cleopatra, 1881, Museo del Prado.
In 1877 Manuel and Juan Luna traveled to Europe, where Manuel studied music and Juan painting.
Juan entered the Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Luna was discontented with the style of teaching in school and decided that it would be much better to work with Vera.
Vera brought him to Rome for some of his commissions, and Luna was exposed to the art of the Renaissance painters.
Florence, the center of Renaissance
Jose Ma. Panganiban y Enverga (February 1, 1863 - August 19, 1890)
was a Bicolano propagandist, linguist and essayist He is one of the main writer and contributor for La Solidaridad, writing under the pen names "Jomapa" and "J.M.P."
Jose Ma. Panganiban was born on February 1, 1863 in Mambulao, Camarines Norte
When his mother prematurely died, Jose Ma. Panganiban was sent to the capital town Daet to study.
He was sent to manila to study at Colegio de San Juan de Letran and obtained a bachelors degree with the financial help of the clerical rector of the seminary, Fr. Santoja.
While at the University in 1887, he wrote Anatomia de Regines which was recognized as one of his brilliant literary works. His papers on general pathology, therapeutics and surgical anatomy was also awarded prizes.
Being one of the writers of the La Solidaridad, he called the attention of the Spaniards on the freedom of the press and criticized the educational system in the Philippines.
Panganiban contracted tuberculosis and apologized to Rizal that he couldn't help further in the movement. He confided in Rizal that, "If I only have the strength I had before, I will work with you unto the bitter end".
Prelude to Nationalistic Aspirations
TO INFLUENCE/TO PERSUADE
Words, person, object, pictures, music,etc.
Wrong doings by the spanish authorities
Absence of Stability
Defective Administration of Justice
Factors that may have affected the rise of the movement for REFORMS
2.The influx of liberal ideas
3.Opening of free trade
4.Pro Filipino Spanish officials
5.The martyrdom of the GOMBURZA
1.Representation of the Philippines in the cortes generales
2.Secularization of the clergy
3.Legalization of spanish and filipino equality
4.Creation of a public school system
5.Abolition of the polo(labor service) and vandala (forced sale of local products to the government)
6.Guarantee of basic freedoms of speech and association
7.Equal opportunities for filipinos and spanish to enter government service
8.Recognition of the Philippines as a province of spain
9.Secularization of Philippine parishes;
10.Recognition of human rights
Thank you for listening
Domingo Gomez-Romero Franco
Jose Ma. Panganiban-JOMAPA
Marcelo del Pilar-Plaridel
Mariano Ponce-Tikbalang,Naning, and Kalipulako
Jose Rizal-Dimasalang and Laong Laan
Pedro Alejandro Paterno(February 27,1858-March 11, 1911
and author of the "Pact of Biak-na-Bato"
His first education was under Florentino Flores, and he later enrolled at Ateneo Municipal de Manila where he graduated in 1871.
He went to Spain and studied at the University of Salamanca,
then transferred to Central University of Madrid where he took his law doctorate in 1880.
He wrote one of the first Filipino novels, entitled Ninay, which was published before Jose Rizal's Noli Me Tangere.
He also wrote Sampaguita y Poesias, a collection of Filipino poems in spanish that was pblished in Madrid in 1880.
During the American invasion of the Philippines, he was one of the filipinos who favored the coming of the Americans and advocated the incorporation of both countries.
Paterno agreed to abandon his fellow revolutionaries struggle and collaborate with the colonial administration.
He has long been an easy target for nationalist historians.
Rose Ann Segotier