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Badjao and Samal
Transcript of Badjao and Samal
Architecture and community planning
Traditional Samal house
Economy & Customs
-part of a bigger group which is Sama
-generally boat dwellers or sea gypsies
-called Luwaan (outsiders) and Palau (floating people) thus the name Palawan
-consider themselves as one bangsa (people/nation)
-Tungkalang is the largest Badjao village
-staple food is cassava and fish
-rice is for desserts or special occasions
-no regular meals
-fishing, pearl diving, boat building, fish-trap making, fish net weaving, mat weaving
-marriage arrangements are made after 3rd menstrual period of a girl
-upon death, they are buried with their possessions on the seashores
-kawmam is the moorage (purok)
-panglime is the head
-those who are experts in a certain job gets to be the leader
-they work together as one
-standing on the seashore
-sturdier material than stilt houses
-mirrors reflect the no. of children in the family
-pantan is where fish is dried
2. Stilt houses
-built along shores and of lighter material
-materials are free or cost very little
-labor is free
>pidlas or lepa which is speedy bec. it has no outriggers. used for short fishing trips.
>djenging has outriggers
"floating Sulu barong-barong" used for dwelling and varied upon the owners economic status
2. Vinta or dapang
-used for short fishing trips
-speedy sailboat with bamboo outriggers
-The Samals are dispersed all over the southern island of Mindanao, Southern Palawan, Basilan, Davao, Zamboanga, the Sulu archipelago and as far as North Borneo.
-A Samal kinship group of 100 to 500 members lives in a cluster of houses. -Each group is affiliated with the nearest mosque
-Built on stilts on the fringes of the seashore so that the ground under the house is flooded and washed clean during high tides.
-Linked to the shore and to one another by a maze of catwalks and bridges.
-It may be as large as 24 x 12 meters, with the roof ridge 9 meters above the floor
-Some of which may have two storeys with balconies.
-Interior of the house is unwalled and depending on the economic status of the owner.
-For lounging, sleeping, dining
-Open porch or terrace
-Prominent house feature
-Gathering area for families
-Place for conducting ritutals
-Structural members are held through lashing.
-The gable roof is of simple construction, the ridgepole being supported by the kingpost.
-Rather than trusses, horizontal beams supporting the weight of the roof is positioned outside since the roof is low.
Roof and walls: nipa or sawali
Stairs and flooring: bamboo
Posts and bracing: coconut wood, mangrove or other tree trunks.