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Craig Morehead

on 22 March 2016

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Transcript of SWEAT-MSO

What are you looking for?
SWEAT Assessments

Acedemics (Schools)
Electricity (Power)
CPT Morehead

- Training Objectives
- Purpose
- Overview
- Common to All
- Assessment Categories (SWEAT-MSO)
- Conclusion/Questions

Provide cadets a
basic understanding of how a SWEAT-MSO
assessment is conducted. Explain what the benefits are and how it fits into the strategic plan.

You will be expected to conduct SWEAT assessments on a rudimentary level at CLC this summer in what is reffered to as Wide Area Security. This brief will prepare you for the tasks you be expected to execute.

Inside the Unified Land Operations (ULO) concept, SWEAT assessments are conducted as a part of the Stability and Support to Civil Services. CLC will refer to this as Wide Area Security or WAS.
The Purpose of a SWEAT assessment
Why do we condut SWEAT assessments?
A necessity to condut Stability Operations.
FM 3-04.170 Engineer Reconnaissance
The SWEAT/IR Book - US Army Engineer School
ADRP 3-0 Unified Land Operations
ADRP 3-07 Stability
Essential in the COIN concept of "Clear, Hold, BUILD".
Some Background
Who is responsible for conducting a SWEAT assessment?
How is a SWEAT Assessment conducted?
What are the immediate needs?
Is there standing water and
what is it coming from?
Are there storm drains and
man holes?
Does it appear to be waste
water or fresh water?
Are septic tanks used
or it a city sewage?
Can you locate any pumping stations?
What are the immediate needs?
What are the immediate needs?
Is it handled individually or by the community?
Common to All
Is trash burnt?
Is there a landfill system used?
How many dump rucks are there? How often do they come by to pick up trash?
Is there a recycling program?
How much trash needs to be removed? (think dumpsters)
Approximations are okay.
Always incorporate HNSF into the process.
Take pictures!
Attention to detail and clarity. Dates, Locations, Names...

Look for previous assessments to get a sense of trends.
Are power outages common? How many hours of the day?
What are the immediate needs?
What are the immediate needs?
Train your Soldiers to be observant, Every Soldier a Sensor.
Is it a public or pivate service? If it's a public service, what's the average cost?
What's the source of energy?
Other Considerations
What are the immediate needs?
What are the intimidate needs?
Transportation Systems, Roads, and Bridges.
Hospital Situation. How many? Capcity? Doctors/Nurses.
Is emergency response available?
Do they have adequate supplies of medications and equipment?
Number of Schools and their capacities.
Grades or ages taught.
Education Supplies. Books, desks, pens/pencils, chalk boards...
Does everyone have easy access to clean drinking water?
Location and conditon of essential infrastructure. Water towers, pumps, pipes, wells, water souces, treatment plants...
Are pipes in good condition?
Small projects that meet the needs are better than large/expensive projects that are difficult to sustain.
Make no promises.
Are there indications of fraud or theft?
You can lead a horse to water...
Is it a free service or is there an individual cost?
Three components: Production, storage and distribution.
Are trained engineers present for power plants and substations?
Number of trained teachers?
Is it a public or pivate service?
Is there a religious affiliation?
Does it require/have security personnel?
Remember Cross Culture Competencies.
What are their basic capabilities? Inpatient/Outpatient, Intensive Care, Surgical...
Is there a pharmacy?
What are their capacities? Is it sufficent?
How do patients pay for care?
Of all the SWEAT categories, are they subject to being targeted?
Police Stations with their jurisdictions. How many officers do they have?
Are they trusted by the public?
What are the immediate needs?
Are they properly equipped?
What is the detainment situation like? What is their process?
What is the crime level like? What are some indications?
Food Services?
Communication Services
Financial Institutions
Religious Services
Historical Cultural Area and landmarks.
Fire response services.
Refer to FM3-34.170 Engineer Reconnaissance or the SWEAT/IR Handbook for checklists.

Have a plan of action!

Remember your purpose. Usually it to restore essential services and reinstate confidence for the local government.

Look for projects that meet immediate needs and get the most "Bang for your Buck".

A building block to negotiate towards reaching your objectives.
Full transcript