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GEOGRAPHY AND POLITICAL DIVISIONS OF THE UK

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LUCÍA MORALES GONZÁLEZ

on 17 October 2015

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Transcript of GEOGRAPHY AND POLITICAL DIVISIONS OF THE UK

The official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
2.
The physical geography of
Scotland
is distinguished by the
Highland Boundary Fault
, which separates the
highlands
from the
lowlands.
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
3. Wales
is mostly mountainous.

4.
The geography of
Ireland
includes :
the
Mourne Mountains
Lough Neagh
, at 388 square kilometres, the largest body of water in the UK.

UNITED KINGDOM :
geography and political divisions

The
United Kingdom
is located on the
north-western
coast of continental
Europe
.

It's composed of :
England
Wales


Scotland

Northern Ireland
Total area of approximately
243,610
square kilometres.
The physical geography of the UK varies greatly.

1. England
consists of mostly lowland terrain, with upland or
mountainous terrain

CLIMATE
In the UK, the large temperature variation creates
ATMOSPHERIC INSTABILITY.
Regional climates in the United Kingdom are influenced by the
Atlantic Ocean
and

latitude
.
1.
Northern Ireland, Wales
and
western
parts of
England
and
Scotland
, being closest to the
Atlantic Ocean:
Are generally the
wettest
and
windiest
regions of the UK, and temperature ranges here are seldom
extreme
.




2. Eastern areas
are
drier, cooler, less windy
HUMAN
GEOGRAPHY
DEMOGRAPHY
OF UK
DEMOGRAPHY
OF UK
The predominantly population is White British

United Kingdom were subject
to many invasions and migrations
Descended from the different ethnic stocks that settled there before the 11th century.

LANGUAGES
POLITICAL DIVISIONS OF UK
POLITICS OF THE UK
Is a unitary democracy governed within the framework of a constitutional monarchy.
Her Majesty's Government:
executive power

Northern Ireland – Northern Ireland Assembly
Scotland – Scottish Parliament
Wales – National Assembly for Wales

Each part of the UK is subdivided in further local governmental regions:

England:
Unitary Authorities, county councils, district councils, parish councils
Wales:
Principal areas, communities
Scotland:
Council areas, communities
Northern Ireland:
Districts

Local government
ENVIRONMENT
Current issues
UK is one of the most densely populated countries in the world
This fact and the changing climate is likely to put extreme pressure on the United Kingdom's
water resources
in the future.
FLORA
FAUNA
Some of the larger mammals—wolf, bear, boar, and reindeer—are
extinct.


Common smaller mammals are foxes, hares, hedgehogs, rabbits, weasels, shrews, rats, and mice; otters are found in many rivers.


There are few reptiles and amphibians.


Roughly 230 species of birds reside in the United Kingdom, and another 200 are migratory. Most numerous are the chaffinch, blackbird, sparrow, and starling.


DOES ANYONE KNOW THE FULL NAME OF UK
HOW MANY COUNTRIES FORM THE UNITED KINGDOM ?
Julia Caro Acal
Lucía Morales González
They are
Countries
in the
U
K
Is the example of a population which has undergone the 'demographic transition'

I
n 2011, the total population was around




It is the third-largest in the European Union and
the 22nd-largest
in the world
Its overall population density is one of the highest in the world at 259 people per square kilometre


Celtic languages are partially spoken in
Scotland,

Cornwall
and
Northern Ireland
.

English
is the predominant language.

In North and West Wales, Welsh is widely spoken as a first language.


The UK is governed as a whole by the Parliament of the United Kingdom:
FLORA & FAUNA
Originally,
oak forests
probably covered the lowland while
pine forests
covered the highland.

Over the centuries, much of the forest area, especially on the lowlands, was cleared for
cultivation.

Today only about
9%
of the total surface is wooded!!!!

Oak, elm, ash, and beech
are the most common trees in England.
Pine and birch
are most common in Scotland.


What is the most populated country in United Kingdom ?
England
Scotland
Wales
Northern Ireland
England?
Scotland?
Northern Ireland?
Wales?
63.182.000
are so many people
Do you think this fact involves to an environmental problem?
Full transcript