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Scientific or not?

A simulation of a high school psychology lesson from the Slovenian matriculation curriculum
by

Tuuli Pöllänen

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of Scientific or not?

Question.
Observe.
What is not science?
Process of the scientific method
Scientific or not?
What is science?

Want to know some more?
"Understanding Science"-project (Univesity of Berkeley):
http://undsci.berkeley.edu/

Different philosophical models of the scientific method:
http://www3.dbu.edu/naugle/pdf/2302_handouts/scientific_method.pdf

The science of psychology:
http://faculty.rio.edu/rfish/My%20Faculty%20Website/11103%20General%20Psychology/Chapter%201%20Study%20Guide/Psych%20101,%20Chapter%201%20-%20Outline%20(Comprehensive).pdf

Karl Popper: Science as falsification:
http://www.stephenjaygould.org/ctrl/popper_falsification.html

Video:
The times and trouble of the scientific method
(Warning: hyperbole )
Systematic
study of the structure and behavior of the world through
observation
and
experiment.
How is this achieved?

Through the
scientific method.
Karl Popper, 28.7.1902 - 19.7.1994

The scientific method assumes...
Observability
Testability
Repeatability
Falsifiability
Hypothesize.
Experiment.
design
conduct
Reflect and
report.
Analyze
results.
fail to support
hypothesis
support
hypothesis
partially
support hypothesis
Rules:
Objective
Systematic
Repeatable



Hypothesis =
operationalized
question

"PROVE ME WRONG!"
The scientific method is based on testing hypotheses by
falsification
Testing
the
hypothesis
under
controlled conditions
Publishing after
peer review
More research, new horizons
Good scientific questions:
Can be
operationalized
Based on previous findings
Stimulate more questions
"Anything that fails to adhere to demands for science"
Example:
pseudoscience
DISCUSS IN GROUPS OF THREE:
1. Is it possible for something to be scientific, even if it doesn't utilize the scientific method?
try to name a few examples from fields of science you know

2. How does society influence the scientific process and how does that influence the results?

3. How can societal influences be minimized? Is it necessary?

presented to look scientific, but does not follow scientific method
Full transcript