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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

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Sami Thompson

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Body Dysmorphic
Definition: a type of chronic mental illness in which you can't stop thinking about a flaw that is either minor or imagined. But to you, your appearance seems so shameful that you don't want to be seen by anyone.
By: Sami, Connor, & Kray
Body Dysmorphic
Causes & Symptoms: causes are being made fun of, "friends" not accepting you because of your appearance, pop culture of peoples views. Symptoms are a strong belief you are ugly, feeling the need to stay house-bound, reassurance from others about your appearance/ weight loss.

Examples or Cases: http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=A+big+fat+badonkey+a+little+skinny+butt+-+body+dysmorphic+disorder+and+weight+loss


Research or History: BDD was not published in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders until 1987. In 1997 it was subsequently renamed Body Dysmorphic Disorder. In 1891 Enrique Morselli called it "Dysmorphobia".

Treatment: Medications. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs are antidepressants that decrease the obsessive and compulsive behaviors.
Cognitive behavioral therapy. This is a type of therapy with several steps:
The therapist asks the patient to enter social situations without covering up her "defect."
The therapist helps the patient stop doing the compulsive behaviors to check the defect or cover it up. This may include removing mirrors, covering skin areas that the patient picks, or not using make-up.
The therapist helps the sufferer change false beliefs about appearance

Hoarding:
Causes & Symptoms: Cluttered living space, inability to discard items, keeping stacks of newspapers and magazines, build-up of trash and food, shame or embarrassment, feeling safer when surrounded by things you saved.

Examples or Cases: http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=this+house+killed+her+hoarding%3A+buried+alive


Research or History: In 1908 Sigmund Freud links hoarding to the anal stage of development in humans. He theorises that the loss of control during development was a traumatic experience and that the collector is trying to gain back not only control but 'possessions' that were lost so many years ago.


Treatment: Elements of motivational interviewing, several features of cognitive therapy, and behavioral practice for OCD; skills training.

Obsessive Compulsive/
Related Disorders

Hoarding
Definition: difficulty parting with possessions because of a perceived need to save them.
Kleptomania
Definition: a reacuring urge to steal, typically without regard for a need or profit.
Kleptomania
Causes & Symptoms: possible head injuries, dopamine runs and makes you feel better, the love of stealing of having new things, powerful urges to steal stuff you don't need, feeling pleasure while stealing but terrible guilt after, feeling increased tension leading up to theft.


Examples or Cases: In 2007 a middle aged woman said she always felt tense, never could relax and never felt happy, she always stole...



Research or History: In 1990 a large body of case material on Kleptomania had been developed.



Treatment: http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=kleptomania+treatment+and+symptoms
Works Cited
www.google.com
www.mayoclinic.org
www.youtube.com
www.ocudk.org
www.ocfoundation.org
www.compulsive-hoarding.org
www.medicinenet.com
www.psychorgone.org
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, and sensations, or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).
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