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Ancient Greek Architecture and Sculpture

By Arielle, Nathan, Josh and Miriam
by

Arielle W

on 8 March 2014

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Architecture and Sculpture

By: Arielle, Nathan, Josh and Miriam
Post and Lintel Structure
Thesis Question
How do architecture and sculpture reflect the values of the ancient Greeks?

Greek Architecture
The Delian League
Posts and lintels supported the buildings
Balanaced
Well calculated, knowledgeable
To the ancient Greeks, the respect for their religion was thoroughly expressed through their sculptural and architectural achievements. Their artwork frequently portrayed images of their gods and mythology. With their sculpture, the Greeks focused primarily on reflecting the human body in an idealistic fashion by portraying “ideal beauty,” and over time their statues became more detailed and life-like. In addition, their well planned out architecture demonstrated an extremely advanced knowledge of mathematics.
Doric Order
Ionic Order
Corinthian Order
Architecture Terms
Acropolis
Archiac
Classical
Greek Sculpture
archaic Period
Cornice

Frieze

Metope

Triglyphs

Architrave

Capital

Shaft

Flutes

Entasis

Bases
Modern Example
Modern Example
"Plaza" that sits on the highest ground of Athens, oversees the city

Parthenon
Erechtheum
Porch of the Maidens
Where did all the money to create the architecture come from?
IDEAL BEAUTY
Valued perfection

Tried to capture it in all of their sculptures


SCULPTORS
Phidias
: directed construction of Parthenon, sculptures of Athena and Zeus

Polyclitus
: bronze sculptures of athletes,
contrapposto


Myron
: harmony and movement, athletes in action

Praxiteles
: graceful sculptures, nice finishes on the surface

Lysippus
: studied nature, thinner proportions
Greek-Persian War
During the war, the Persians destoryed Athens
After the war, Perciles wanted to restore the city's beauty and show how important architecture and sculpture were to the Greeks
“So then the works arose, no less towering in their grandeur than inimitable in the grace of their outlines, since the workmen eagerly strove to surpass themselves in the beauty of the handicraft. And yet the most wonderful thing about them was the speed with which they rose.”

“For this reason are the works of Pericles all the more to be wondered at; they were created in a short time for all time."

Proved to the Persians that they did not negatively affect Greeks
Statues were rigid and in a "stand still" position
Classical Period
Sculptures were more detailed and showed movement
Greek Architecture and Sculpture
Perrin, Bernadotte, trans. Plutarch's Cimon and Pericles, with the Funeral
Oration of Pericles. New York, NY/US: C. Scribner's, 1910.
Cultural/religious center of the city, has many important temples
The End!
Full transcript