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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Transcript of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Was published by the American Psychiatric Association (2000).
Provides a common language and standard criteria for the classification of mental disorders. It is used, or relied upon, by clinicians, researchers, psychiatric drug regulation agencies, health insurance companies, pharmaceutical companies, the legal system, and policy makers.
Uses and definition
Many mental health professionals use the manual to determine and help communicate a patient's diagnosis after an evaluation; hospitals, clinics, and insurance companies in the US also generally require a DSM diagnosis for all patients treated. The DSM can be used clinically in this way, and also to categorize patients using diagnostic criteria for research purposes.
The initial impetus for developing a classification of mental disorders in the United States was the need to collect statistical information.
The DSM was created to enable mental health professionals to communicate using a common diagnostic language. Its forerunner was published in 1917, primarily for gathering statistics across mental hospitals. It had the politically incorrect title Statistical Manual for the Use of Institutions for the Insane and included just 22 diagnoses
Critiques to DSM
There are two main interrelated criticisms of DSM-5:
An unhealthy influence of the pharmaceutical industry on the revision process.
An increasing tendency to "medicalise" patterns of behavior and mood that are not considered to be particularly extreme.
These criticisms came to public attention after an open letter and accompanying petition was published by the Society for Humanistic Psychology.