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Java, Indonesia

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Greer Stewart

on 25 May 2011

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Transcript of Java, Indonesia

Island Origins Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin; it contains thirty-eight mountains forming an east-west spine which have at one time or another been active volcanoes. The highest volcano in Java is Mount Semeru (3,676 m). The most active volcano in Java and also in Indonesia is Mount Merapi (2,968 m). Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia A chain of volcanic mountains forms an east-west spine along the island Java was formed mostly as the result of volcanic events JAVA, INDONESIA Island Origins Java is almost entirely of volcanic origin. It contains thirty-eight mountains forming an east-west spine which have at one time or another been active volcanoes. The highest volcano in Java is Mount Semeru. The most active volcano in Java and also in all of Indonesia is Mount Merapi. Java was formed mostly as the result of volcanic events, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia. A chain of volcanic mountains forms an east-west spine along the island. Oddly, the relatioship between these mountains was cut off due to the formation of island. Depart from Columbia, South Carolina at 5:20 pm Arrive in Houston, Texas at 6:48pm, and leave for San Fransico, California at 9:00 Arrive in San Fransico at 11:10pm and leave for Hong Kong at 1:40am Arrive in Hong Kong at 6:35 am and leave for Singapore at 10:30am Arrive in Singapore at 2:20 and leave for Solo City, Indonesia at 10:40 am the next day Arrive in Solo City at 11:50! The wet season begins in October ending in April during which rain falls most afternoons and intermittently during other parts of the year. The wettest months are January and February. West Java is wetter than East Java and mountainous regions receive much higher rainfall. The Parahyangan highlands of West Java receive over 4,000 mm annually, while the north coast of East Java receives 900 mm annually Flight Cost: $8,735 Rawr... Animals of Java: One horned Rhino Javan Tiger Banteng Ujung Kulon National Park The one-horned rhinoceros and banteng (wild ox), though these species are now restricted to only the more remote areas, notably Ujung Kulon National Park, at the island’s western tip (designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1991); the Javan tiger is now extinct. The island is also home to monkeys, wild pigs, and crocodiles; about 400 species of birds; 100 species of snakes; 500 species of butterflies; and many types of insects. Plant Life... Bananna tree Millet Sago Palm Bamboo Teak trees rice The island of Java holds more than 5,000 different species. Dense rainforests abound on the damp slopes of the mountains, while thick bamboo woods occur in the west. The island’s fruit trees include banana and mango. Teak, rasamala, casuarina trees, sago palms and banyan trees also cover the forests. Teakwood is one of Java’s major exports. When traveling eastwards, a clear change in vegetation can bee seen. The humid tropical forests slowly change into forests that lose their leaves every year. Java’s peasantry grew rice, indigo, sugar, pepper, and coffee under a system of forced deliveries that the Dutch levied on the native aristocracy. These plants were introduced by these invading peoples. Many animals and plants came from Sumatra, Bali, and Borneo, the neighbor islands. Birds ate the plants/seeds on these islands and carried them to Java, where the seeds rooted into the ground and made the volcanic island livable. The island was then suitable for animals to live there. How Plants and Animals Arrived Tigers and their prey were poisoned in many places during the period when their habitat was rapidly being reduced;
Natural forests were increasingly fragmented after World War II for plantations of teak, coffee and rubber, which was unsuitable habitat for wildlife;
Rusa deer, the tiger's most important prey species, was lost to disease in several reserves and forests during the 1960s;
During the period of civil unrest after 1965 armed groups retreated to reserves, where they killed the remaining tigers The Affect of Conditions on Certain Populations Epiphytes (plants that derive nourishment from the air and usually live on another plant) such as orchids and ferns, saprophytes (plants that live on dead or decaying matter), and parasites are well developed Javanese Eagle is predator and important part of maintaining balance in forest populations One of the Javan stink badger’s few predators other than man and his encroachment on its habitat, is the The Javan Hawk-eagle. Predator Prey Relationships Predator prey relationships exist a population of 136 million, it is the world's most populous island, and one of the most densely populated regions in the world. Human Effect on Java Tourism:
.Tourists take momentoes from tourist sites such as temples or rocks from mountains. This slowly destroys such places
.Tourists leave waste/ trash that stays after they leave Temperatures throughout the year average 71F to 85F and humidity average is 75%. The northern coastal plains are normally hotter averaging 93F during the day in the dry season. The south coast is generally cooler than the north, and highland areas inland are cooler again. Java’s climate is generally hot and humid throughout the year. Maximum temperatures are found in the plains along the northern coast, but in the mountains it is much cooler. The high humidity often makes the climate debilitating. The northwest monsoon season, from November to March, is rainy and cloudy, while the southeast monsoon, from April to October, brings some rain but generally is sunny. Lets check the weather.... Welcome to JAVA!!! Java lies between Sumatra to the west and Bali to the east. Borneo lies to the north and Christmas Island to the south. Java is surrounded by the Java Sea in the north, Sunda Strait in the west, Indian Ocean in the south and the Bali Strait and Madura Strait in the east. Cordinates: 7°3010S 111°1547E At the beginning of the 20th century 28 million people lived on the island of Java. within 15 years 150% more land was cleared for cultivating rice In 1938 natural forest covered 23% of the island. In 1975 only 8% of the forest remained and the human population had increased to 85 million people http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/id.htm http://www.lonelyplanet.com/indonesia/java http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/301673/Java http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/city.html?n=108 http://www.etm.pdx.edu/htliono/ej.html Everyone loves Greer!!!!!!!!!!!!
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