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Transcript of Argumentative Writing
Read it aloud.
Point to each word as they say it.
Do it in slow motion.
Circle any possible mistakes.
Correct 3-5 mistakes at a time.
Do correction process 5 minutes each day.
Writing the Best Argumentative Essay Ever
Strategies for the Exceptional Student
The 3 A's of Writing
Objective: To give students tools to be excited and confident about writing without feeling overwhelmed about the process.
2. DRAFTING/SLOPPY COPY
"How long does it have to be?"
(Like a miniskirt: short enough to be interesting , long enough to cover the subject.)
Single spaced 1-2 pages; double spaced 2-4 pages.
Moving words, phrases, paragraphs
Replacing weak vocabulary
5. PUBLISHING/"NEAT SHEET"
Copy it over with all corrections, revisions, etc.
It's not just about getting ideas; it's about structure!
THE 5 STEPS OF WRITING
Body Paragraph 1
more on those titles later...
Body Paragraph 2
Body Paragraph 3
Body Paragraph 4
Body Paragraph 5
THE 5 STEPS OF WRITNG
Beginning of the story:
Right before everything that is relevant begins.
Every great story begins with one of 3 things...
For example: the pep rally at school the day of the game
Middle of the Story
Write this part 4th.
Overall subject of the story (the game that lead up to the broken leg)
Plan from this point and have your students work from the inside out!
Use a 3-4 word phrase to make sure the WOW! moment is exact.
For instance: for a story about someone breaking a leg at a football or basketball game, simple say, "broke my leg"
Ending of the Story
Plan this section 3rd.
Actions/events, thoughts/feelings, description/dialogue as a result of WOW! moment
For example: Don't jump straight to the hospital! Detail the bone sticking out of the skin, the blood, the pain, and the reaction of others.
Beginning of the Essay
Middle of the Essay
Highlight 1: Choosing the parakeet (good store, puffiness, get a young, active one)
Highlight 2: Bringing it home. (decorate cage, play music, seed and water, change cage bottom)
Highlight 3: Important safety tip (no drafts--makes birds sick, put cage in corner of busy area)
Choose your most fascinating and compelling piece of information and place it here!
Pick a "highlight" that will rock your readers.
It's usually "HOW" something happens.
End of Essay
Don't introduce new information!
Provide thoughts, feelings, universal truths to provide a dramatic or humorous ending.
SHAKE, SHOW, TELL
SHAKE: This is what we've previously called the "hook" or "attention getter." Make nice. ;) You don't want your opponent to feel attacked.
ROUND 1 & ROUND 2
These are your first 2 body paragraphs.
Round 1 is your first reason to defend your point of view.
Round 2 is your second reason to defend your point of view.
Do this first.
Choose your strongest and most convincing reason or argument.
You want to knock down your opponent by the power of this ONE persuasive point.
PLEASE and SHAKE (AGAIN)
Tell your audience what you want them to do or not to do, and do it nicely, please. You can do this by restating your "tell"/your thesis statement.
Shake again by thanking your audience in some way, if appropriate (like when writing an argumentative/persuasive letter), or by ending with a universal truth or thematic statement.
THE 5 STEPS OF WRITING
THE 5 STEPS OF WRITING
THE 5 STEPS OF WRITING
Environment should feel welcoming, warm, kind, less threatening.
Protect the writing process.
Turn the lights low.
Play music. Don't let them listen to their own music; play light instrumental jazz.
Write your own prompts (UbD and TLI allow for this!)
Give students a choice.
Write with your students, and share your demos with all your own mistakes.
What are the parts of narrative writing?
What is the purpose of narrative writing?
To tell a story!
How does this relate to the other modes of writing?
Where should the most
part of a narrative go?
Where do most students end up putting the most
part of their narratives?
(not the WOW! moment)
3. What someone thinks/feels
Now, let's try one together.
"Winning student election"
"Have you ever...?"
"Once upon a time..."
Add details, especially dialogue
Add description/unusual details
Substitute better words/vocab
Do you get a reaction out of your reader with your description? (Think Hollywood!)
Have students write, "I changed___to___."
In closing, refer back to subject by a thought, a lesson learned, or a feeling.
Titles should hint but never tell. Short and written AFTER the writing process is complete.
Keep same structure (beginning, middle, end).
"Highlights" (use the best, most interesting facts)
Prompt: How to choose and care for a pet.
HOW!: How to teach your bird to talk.
EXAMPLE: (LEAD)Most pet owners prefer dogs and cats over any other animal. (SHOW) Parakeets are in the parrot family and don't require the attention that most dogs and cats require. (MEET) Parakeets can be amazing pets if owners follow a few short tips.
Remember: highlight #4 is the HOW!--the most important one!
Example: You can't walk parakeets, but they are cute and easy to care for. They don't eat the sofas and don't poo on the carpet.
LEAD/HOOK: Grab your audience's attention by giving a quote, anecdote, or statistic.
SHOW/SEGUE: Relate an experience or use interaction and dialogue to introduce the topic and lead into your subject.
MEET/THESIS STATEMENT: Meet your subject. Provide basic information (subject & opinion) and lead-in to the highlights that will immediately follow.
Your POW! moment should have ended the match, but your opponent will attempt a final comeback, possibly claiming that without____, problems will multiply.
Your job is to predict what the final argument will be and knock it back with a decisive and commanding rebuttal.
SHOW: This is what we've previously called the "segue." Relate an experience. Use interaction/dialogue to create or recall a short experience that illustrates or shows your problem. Create a realistic scene; make up portions if needed.
TELL: This is what we've previously called the "thesis statement." State your opinion or position. Tell what you want to happen or what you want our audience to believe.
Think of an explanatory/informational prompt you may ask your students to write about.
Jot down what the HOW would be.
What would the LEAD be?
What would the SHOW be?
What would the MEET be?
What would your HIGHLIGHTS (1,2,3) be?
What would your CLOSING be?
Think of the tune of "Shake Your Booty."
"Shake, Show, Tell
Knock Back, Please, Shake"
a.k.a. Persuasive Writing