Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Elements of Literature

No description
by

Luis Mora

on 25 September 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Elements of Literature

Elements of Literature
Plot- The structure and relationship of the actions and events in a fictional story
-Stages of Plot
Exposition- The author revealing some background information to help the reader get a sense of the story.
Rising Action- The suspenseful and conflict clearness has been established in the story.
Climax- The moment in the story, poem, or short story in where the most intense is being made by the author.
Falling Action- The point in a fictional story where the story has reach the turning point and now leading to a resolution.
Resolution- The end and outcome of the story's conflict.
Conflict- the struggle between someone either external or internal.
Roots of the Tree (Plot)
Why the Roots?
-The plot would be the roots because without the roots how would the tree grow and develop.
-That is the same as a story,novel, or short story that the plot is the roots because knowing the background knowledge of the story, then you will be able to build from that to create the type of story you want to write.

Exposition
Exposition- The author revealing some background information to help the reader get a sense of the story.
In Last Summer of the Death Warriors
The exposition in this story in when Pancho arrives at St. Anthony's and once they arrive Pancho saw a kid in a wheelchair. Pancho saw him very closely at his arrival even as Pancho enters the building, in his mind he his thinking why he was looking at him.
(details in Chapter 1)
In this part of the story the reader is exposed to
some foreshadow to the conflict without the
author knowing and the setting (location)
where Pancho will stay.
Symbol
The tree
Conflict
Conflict- the struggle between someone either external or internal.
Internal Conflict
Definition-stuggle between character and own conscious. (man vs. mind)
External Conflict
Definition- struggle between someone or something external of the person with struggle.
Conflict in
Last Summer of the
Death Warriors
Pancho's Revenge

In the conflict of Pancho's revenge on Bobby
he has a conflict with himself wether to kill him
or not. Pancho does not want to end up in jail,
but he thinks that killing him would satisfy
Pancho and possibly Rosa.
Pancho external conflict is the struggle of the
actual physical death of his sister. He has to
suffer because he does not have any family left
and forcfully have to go to St. Anthonys.

Another external conflict is that Pancho is
mentally deciding to kill him with a gun to
get revenge from his sister's death.

Rising Action
Definition- The suspenseful and conflict clearness has been established in the story.
In the last summer of the Death Warriors
The rising action of this particular conflict,
Pancho's revenge, it would be when Pancho has
communication with Bobby. When the narrator describes this talk as if the heart of Pancho has drop.
This is the rising action because the story has not reached the moment of his
possible revenge it is developing on how
he might get to that point, but not
reached it.
Climax
Definition-The moment in the story, poem, or short story in where the most intense is being made by the author.
In the Last Summer of the Death Warriors
Falling Action
Definition- The point in a fictional story where the story has reach the turning point and now leading to a resolution.
In the Last Summer of the Death Warriors
The falling action is when Pancho has finally arrived
at Bobby's house at are located at the bathroom of the house. In where Bobby is in the bathtub and Pancho is pointing a gun to Bobby. Pancho makes Bobby count to ten, but then leaves and runs away
Bobby is not killed.
Resolution
Definition- The end and outcome of the story's conflict.
In the Last Summer of the Death Warriors
The resolution is not shown physically, but the
reader has to interpret it with some basic knowledge. The reader can already know that the resolution is that Pancho forgives Bobby and just leaves him panicking. It is not shown that they both agree to each other, but the author make this to make the reader more engaged.
Roots
Trunk of Tree (Setting)
Definition- it is the time, place, and physical details, in which a situation occurs.
Major Settings in Last Summer of the Death Warriors
St. Anthony
St. Anthony is a place where orphans are taken.Pancho was taken by Mrs. Olivares. St. Anthony is big and well maintained, suitable for the orphans with extra things to do.
St. Anthony is catholic orphanage and has daily mass
in the morning specialized for the kids living at
St. Anthony. The location is very quiet and Pancho school is nearby within walking distance
Being within walking distance is very
convenient for Pancho.
1) St. Anthony
2) Casa Esperanza
3) Helen's estate
Why the trunk?
The trunk would be the next part in the tree in where it would develop which is similar to stories because once the beginning of the plot has been introduced the setting in explain into more detail so the reader can visualize what the author is meaning. With just a brief introduction the reader may be confused and not know what the author is trying to deliver, but with the setting (trunk) the reader has a better understanding.
Similar to the trunk, tree specialist can distinguish the type of tree with just seeing the trunk and the reader can see the story place with the better description of the story.
Casa Esperanza
Casa Esperanza as it is described in the book it is a place where specifically for kids who have cancer. The kids stay there so they don't have to go home and then come back the next day. D.Q describes it that Casa Esperanza is a nice and big place. At Casa Esperanza there are kids that suffer more than D.Q and do not have any visit to help the kids at least recuperate internally. D. Q's and Pancho's motivation to go to Casa Esperanza is go see Marisol. Marisol is a caregiver at Casa Esperanza.
Helen's estate
In the story, D.Q and Pancho go to Helen's estate towards the end of the story. The outside of the house how the narrator describes it that "they stopped by a black iron door. Helen pushed a remote control on the visor and the gate swung open." (page 261). By this description given by the narrator the reader is already assuming that Helen is wealthy and has a big house. "The garage itself looked like a house large enough for a family to live in." (page 261) If the garage is large enough for a family to live in, then the house must be double or triple the size of the garage. "Pancho climbed the three flights of stairs silently with D.Q on his back." (page 295). If some climbed three flights of stairs that means that Helen's house is three stories with a gallery room on the third floor.
The trunk
Branch
Branches of tree (Character)
D.Q and Pancho
Definition- the one who is responsible for any speech, actions, and/ or thoughts of a story.

One way to Characterize a character in a story is to
use a method abbreviated "STEAL"
S- Speech
T- Thought
E- Effect on others
A- Actions
L- Looks
Types of Characters
-Main or Minor
-Round of Flat
-Dynamic or Static
-Protagonist, Antagonist, neither
Pancho
Main or Minor?
Why the branhes?
In the symbol, characters are the branches of the tree and the author does not make just one he makes mutiple characters. In the tree, the tree devolps and grows and make multiple branches to obtain water.The more character in a story the more pieces he can put to a specific character and later in the story connect them to make story.
Definitions
Main character- the one who is depicted by a narrator.
Minor- the one who is shown in fictional story, but
without major detail.
Round character- the one who is fully developed in the story from the beginning to the end.
Flat- the one who is shown in the story, but is stayed constant in the story
Dynamic Character- the one that changes overtime and changes can be minor such as internally
Static- the one that never changes.
Protagonist- the majority of the times he is nice and is a main character
Antagonist- sometimes the bad guy and does not have the point of view of the story.
Pancho is a main character because the
entire plot is influence by Pancho and everything is told from his perspective.
Pancho
D.Q
D.Q would also be a main character because
the plot has some influence on him and the
other side of the story is told from his
perspective.
Protagonist, Antagonist, neither?
Pancho
In the story, Pancho is a protagonist because the story is told from his prospective. Even though his is kind of a bad guy for trying to kill someone he is considered the protagonist because the story prospective and influence on the plot.
D.Q
D.Q is not a protagonist, nor an antagonist because D.Q is not in the major conflict of the plot. Which is the conflict between Pancho and Bobby about the death of his sister.
Dynamic or Static?
Pancho is a dynamic character because he changes he mentality from the beginning to the end. For example, in the book Pancho thinks "He was thinking about how he would kill the man with the red once he found him." (Page 41) Then towards the end Pancho feels some guilt about himself and does not kill him.
D.Q would also be classified a s a dynamic character because in the beginning " He had a phone call from his mom"(Page 51) in where he was arguing.
Towards the end when they are leaving back to St. Anthony he likes his mom, but does not want to stay with her.
Round or Flat?
Pancho is a round character because he has different sides from being evil to making good choices. For example, at the beginning he wants to kill Bobby no matter if he goes to jail. Also, from not caring about and not giving respect to otheres to becoming a very respectful tohimself and others. An example, is when he disrespect D.Q then respects him for his illness and take cares for him.
D.Q is round because at the beginning he is not faithful
that he will survive any longer, and when he, once again,
meets Marisol he has a motivation to live and staying
faithful will help him stay stronger.
Twigs
Twigs (Point-of -view)
First Person Point-of -view- story in where the narrator is a character and told as how a person felt it or experience it and uses pronouns I, he/she, ect.
Third-Person Objective- the narrator is not a character. No narrator is just watching and does not have any thoughts/feelings of another character. Pronouns used are he, his/her, etc.
Third-Person limited- the narrator is not a character in the story and tells the story from the perspective of one character only. Pronouns used are he, his/her, etc.
Third-Person omniscient- the narrator is not
a character in the story and has acess to
every thought/feeling of all characters.
Pronouns used are he, his/her, etc.
Why the twigs?
In a tree you need the following: roots, trunk , and brach in order to create the twigs. This is the same in a story, you need the plot, setting, and character in identify the point-of-view. Point-of-view is determined on characters, location of the plot if you do not have those key elements how else would the author or reader determine the point-of-view.
Point- of- View
Of Last Summer of the Death Warriors.
In the Last Summer of the Death Warriors the author choseto use third-person limited. Some clues he helped the reader to determined it was the use of pronouns. The author used the pronouns he/she, him/her, etc. That clue narrowed it to third person point-of-view. Another key clue is that he only describes information based on Pancho. He never gives out feelings of D.Q or any other character. With just those two clues the reader can already identify that this novel is written
in a third-person limited.
Leaves (Theme)
Definition of Theme- is the idea of the entire story.
Theme Statement- is a declarative sentence about a truth of the story.
Themes in LSDW
1)Death 8)Illness
2)Grief 9) Cancer
3)Loss 10)Love
4)Courage
5)Bravery
6)Heroism
7)Friends and Friendship
Theme Statements
Death
Never fear death everyone suffer through it
Courage
Courage is what it takes to make an action.
Friendship
Friendship, if taken to any extreme, can turn into negative rather than into positive.
The climax of this particular plot of Pancho's revenge
is when Pancho has finally arrived at Bobby's house
and has managed to get inside the house.( Chapter 28)
When he is a the living room and Bobby is sleeping Pancho points the gun at his face and tells him to go to the bathtub. He does that so his he hits the trigger the blood will not drip all over the house.
THE END
Full transcript