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Transcript of Religion Project
Judaism and Taoism
It all started when Abraham was talking to God and a covenant was made. He promised him land and a people.
It began in the eastern ancient region of Canaan, which is present day Israel and Palestine.
Important figures of Judaism
Abraham: the founder of Judaism, the man God made the covenant with.
Isaac: The son of Abraham & Sarah.
Jacob was the son of Isaac. He received a blessing and a name from an angel.
David was the first king of Jerusalem. He made Jerusalem the nation's capital.
King Solomon: He was David's son. He created a strong trading empire and built the Great Temple, where people could worship.
Moses: By God's word, he led the Jews out of Egypt. Moses climbed Mt. Sinai to pray and came back with two stones engraved with the Ten Commandments.
Judaism is monotheistic. It is believed that there is only one God.
God has many names such as:
Judaism has sacred texts that are essential to the religion.
The Hebrew bible has 3 parts to it:
The Talmud is a collection of Jewish laws and traditions. This book explains how you should live your everyday life.
The Principles of Judaism
God is eternal.
God is the creator of all things.
Worship God and only God.
Moses' prophecy is important and true.
Believe in the Messiah.
The words of all prophets are true.
The dead will be resurrected.
Simchat Bat: This is a baby naming ceremony for baby girls.
Bar/Bat Mitzvah: This celebrations a young person entering in adulthood in the Jewish community.
Brit Milah (circumcision): It's part of the tradition that a jewish baby boy has a circumcision eight days after he's born.
Simcha: This is a marriage ceremony.
Kashrut: A type of fasting. Only holy foods are eaten.
Branches of Judaism
Orthodox: This is traditional Judaism
Conservative: It's a middle ground. It is a mix of traditional and modern.
Reform: A modernized form of Judaism.
Rosh Hashanah: This is the Jewish New Year.
Yom Kippur: On this day, you atone for your sins made in the previous year. You fast, pray, and repent.
Sukkot: It commemorates when the children of Israel were wandering in the desert for 40 days.
Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah: When Sukkot is over, the Creator invites them to stay for another day. It marks the completed yearly cycle of weekly Torah readings.
Chanukkah: This holiday is for remembering the re-dedication of the Temple after it was defiled by Greeks. During this eight day period, gifts are exchanged and the shammus candle is lit every night.
Passover: All leavened products and foods are not eaten for 8 days. The Exodus story is retold.
Shavu'ot: It commemorates the time when the first fruits were harvested and brought to the temple. It also celebrates the giving of the Torah at Mt. Sinai.
Women are seen as separate but equal. The primary role is as a wife and mother of the household.
Great Temples were built in new ways. They are made of unique patterns and styles.
It was started by the Chinese philosopher Lao Tze in the 6th century BCE. A guardian asked him to write down his teachings at a Mt. pass.
The area it began in was ancient China.
Important People and Leaders
Loazi- He was the first philosopher of chinese Taoism. He is the author of the Doadejing.
Zhuangzi- e is a native of the state of Meng and lived as a hermit, The Chuang-tzu is attributed to him.
Liezi- He was the author of Liezo
Zhang Jiao- The leader of the Yellow Turbans
Wang Bi- He was a chinese philosopher
Qiu Chuji- He was a Taoist and alchemist
Taoist God Names
Jade Emperor- Yuhuang Dadi
The Gods of Wealth
YinGods- Baixing Oong, Dazhong Ye, and Gu Niang
Tao-te Ching: The central text of philosophical and religious Taoism,
Chuang-tzu: It's named after its main author, "Master Chuang," it focuses on the person of Lao-tzu.
The Lieh-tzu: It teaches that nature and human actions are mechanical.
Principles of Taoism
Oneness: There isnt a "just us" or a "just nature," it's both. Every being in the universe is an expression.
Dynamic Balance: This focuses on things balancing each other. It is symbolized by yin and yang.
Cyclical growth: Yin and yang balance and complement each other in cycles.
Rituals in Taoism
Funeral/periodic ceremonies on behalf of ancestors.
Worship which includes praying to deities, purification, meditating on talismans, and making offerings to deities.
Rituals are performed by priests and their assistants.
Different Branches of Taoism
Huang Lao Tradition
-Medieval Taoist Communities
Way of the Celestial Masters
The Great Purity (Taching)
Orthodox Taist lineages
Complete perfection Taoism
Holidays/ Holy Days
The Lantern Festival- The celebration of the first full moon.
Tomb Sweeping Day- Celebrations take place at the graves of ancestors for one day.
Dragon Boat Festival- Celebrates Qu Yuan's death.
The Chinese New Year
Hungry Ghost Festival- Hungry ghosts are let out of the underworld on this day.
Role of Women:
Women served alongside men as Taoist priests and teachers.
Yin uses females to represent the other of all things. '
Represents softness, modesty, nonaggression.
Impact on Art
Temples, palaces, nunneries, altars, and huts.
It spread mostly through China, Korea, Japan, and other parts. Taoism was encouraged by the Royal House. It started to spread ever since the Ming Dynasty.
The impact Taoism had on world history was that people all over the world continue to adopt Taoism's approach to life. Taoism really influenced the way we act, do, and see things.
Both Judaism and Taoism have different branches.
Judaism is believing and worshiping in only one God.
Taoism involves multiple gods.
"Judaism 101." Judaism 101. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 June 2016.
"BBC- Religion: Judaism." Religion" Judaism. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 June 2016.
"Library." Taoism Origins, Taoism History, Taoism Beliefs. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 June 2016.