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Ancient Grains

Emerging Ancient Grains in Natural Foods

Megan Tassone

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Grains

Emerging Ancient Grains in Natural Foods Ancient Grains Overview Classification & History
Outline specific grains
Comparing grains
Non-Dairy Industry
Marketing Ancient Grains
Now what? Classification Old & unchanged vs. bred varieties
Ancient vs. Gluten Free
Sprouting process
Grains or "grains"? 1. Whole Grains Council The Ancients Wheat Gluten-Free “Kiwicha”
“ Pseudo-grain” seed/plant
Only grain with vitamin C
Known to lower cholesterol, enhance mental development, cleansing for colon.
Ground, popped, flaked, salad greens.

Nutrition: high fiber, protein, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese, vitamin C; high lysine, complete protein. 1- Whole Grains Council
2- Nutrition Data
3- Inkanatural
4- Alternative Field Crops Manual Cereal plant, adaptable greater climate range than any other cereal
Ripens in shorter time than other cereals
Thrives in deserts and is resistant to heat
Low in gluten, used to make porridge and unleavened bread
Nutrition: small amounts of B vitamins, phosphorus, calcium and protein. 1. Britannica Online Technically a fruit despite the name
Related to rhubarb and dock weed
Thrives in poor soil through freezing temperatures, drought, and even excess rain.
High in linoleic acid

Nutrition: high fiber and protein, good source of linoleic acid, high in lysine 1. www.aaoobfoods.com Also known as Farro; first species of wheat
Emmer : hybrid species of Einkorn/ Farro
Contains gluten (purest wheat)

Nutrition: high in thiamin, good source of protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and contains antioxidant lutein (beta-carotene). 1. Whole Grains Council Wheat (low gluten)
Brand name for Khorsan
Researching on potential hypoallergenic, antioxidant profile, and digestibility
The grain of the month of July

Nutrition: high fiber, iron, thiamin, niacin, magnesium, phosphorus, manganese, selenium.
Whole Grains Council Cousin of Quinoa
Able to thrive in harsh climates
Antioxidant dense
No saponins & higher protein than Quinoa
Nutrition: high protein, fiber, calcium, zinc, and iron 1. Whole Grains Council One of the smallest grain seeds
Bird seed
Long shelf life

Nutrition: high protein, methionine, lecithin, vitamin E, calcium, iron, phosphorous
Britannica Online
Aaoobfoods.com Indian rice grass
Frequently used as livestock feed
Very drought resistant
GF bread does not crumble with this grain
Considered a delicacy and important to Native American Indians 1. USDA National Resources Conservation Service 1. Whole Grains Council Grown in Europe, Asia, and North America
Grows in climates unfavorable to other grains
Flour for bread

Nutrition: small amounts of protein, potassium and B vitamins 1. Alternative Field Crops Manual Versatile
High antioxidants, slowly digested
Related to corn but with fewer calories
Diuretic, folk remedies
Used in food, animal feed, biodegradable packaging material healthyhomegardening.com
Kidscowsandmore.org 1. Whole Grains Council Hybrid grain of wheat and rye
Cross bred in hope for higher yields & potential animal feed
More protein than wheat

Nutrition: good source of protein and iron, magnesium, phosphorus, and manganese. Alternative Field Crops Manual
Britannica Online High lysine
Types: white, mixed and red/brown
Maintaining blood sugar (diabetes prevention)
Common substitute for seeds or nuts

Nutrition: great source of manganese. good source of protein, fiber, calcium, iron, and amino acids, lysine in particular.
Sustainableseedsco.com Commonly found in Europe
Introduced as use for cattle feed
Newly introduced to natural foods world
Potential allergen (pollen)
Adapted to cool moist areas 1. www.timothygrass.com
2. Hancock Seed company Also known as Indian rice, water rice, or water oats.
Considered a grass
Related to Montina Indian rice.
Not related to rice, despite its name
Grain considered a delicacy to North American Indians Britannica Online
Alternative Field Crop Manual History
Amaranth: Aztecs 5,000-7,000 years ago
Barley: Highlands of Ethiopia & Southeast Asia
Buckwheat: China
Einkorn: 16000- 15000 BC
Kamut: Egyptian tombs 1949
Kaniwa: Andes mountains in Peru
Millet: China; cultivated in Asia & Africa 4,000 years ago
Montina: North American Indians
Quinoa: Andes Mountains 5,000 years
Rye: Southwest Asia 6500 BC
Sorghum: Northeastern Africa & Egyptian Sudanese border 8,000 BC
Spelt: cross-bred dates back to 5000 BC
Teff: Originates from Ethiopia and Eritrea around 4,000 BC
Timothy Grass: Europe; cultivated as hay in North America 1700s
Triticale: cross-bred dates back to 1875
Wild Rice: Dates back 12,000 years ago 1. Amaranth Rediscovered
2. www.kamut.com
3. Britannica Online
4. Alternative Field Crops Manual
5. Sorghum growers
6. History of Teff
7. Britannica Online Number of Ancient Grains 1. Whole Grains Council Most Popular Ancient Grains Among Competitors Non-Dairy Beverage Nutrition Facts Amaranth Seed; family to sugar beets & spinach
Contains saponins
Often grown in Colorado (high seed production in elevation)

Nutrition: complete protein high in lysine, cysteine, methionine, high fiber, protein, manganese, magnesium, and phosphorus. Quinoa Buckwheat Kaniwa Millet Montina Sorghum Timothy Grass Wild Rice Teff Spelt Hybrid of rye and durum wheat.
Also known as emmer
Popular in Europe, particularly in Germany
Substitute to traditional wheat in pastas and breads Einkorn Barley Kamut Rye Triticale Barley Buckwheat Amaranth Teff Kamut Kaniwa Quinoa Millet Montina Rye Sorghum Timothy Grass Spelt What are people saying? healthy grains "making a comeback" "base of healthy new products" Vegan Gluten-Free Superfood "Crop of the Future" "Full of Protein and Fiber" foodgawker Quinoa
Spelt "Culinary Trend" Alternative Grains "Modern Meals" What are people doing? So...Which grains are BEST? Gluten-Free Complete Proteins High Nutrients Vegan High in Amino Acids High Vitamins and Minerals Versatile Easy to Substitute Competitors are using 1.Quinoa
3.Millet Thank you ! Questions?? Why Me? involved Einkorn Tolerant to heat and drought
Nutrition: good source of protein
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