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In both 'Never Let Me Go' and 'Brave New World' the authors
Transcript of In both 'Never Let Me Go' and 'Brave New World' the authors
Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
Different literary texts
Similarities & differences between the two novels
Looked down on by the outside world.
protagonist's views are rebellious to the rules and norms of the world in the novel.
Bred to work for the outside world. (BNW)
Members of society. (BNW)
Love is frowned upon
In both novels part of the population is artificially made. Could reflect how society is constructed, so the chance of change or revolution is not present because it goes against the structure that has been set up by people in power
The clones that are created in BNW work in society, where as the clones in NLMG are seperated and kept in their own environment. whether the clones are part of society or not, they are still represented 'different'. shows there is no escape from the world that has been created for them. also a False consciousness because in BNW they are programmed to enjoy their work so they are oblivious to anything else fufilling them and in NLMG, they don't know about the outside world, so neither novels present a chance of change because it is unknown.
The novel was written in 1931 and published in 1932.
It is set 500 years into the future, in A.F. (after Ford, sort of like their God) 632, - in our time this will be in the year 2645.
Human babies no longer develop inside their mothers but are mass-produced in factories to fit the requirements of society.
Once the babies are created they are trained by conditioning and sleep-indoctrination, a form of brainwashing, so that they will grow up with the attitudes required by the 'World State'.
They are engineered into fitting 5 different groups with 5 different social statuses - Alphas, Betas, Gammas, Deltas and Epsilon, Alpha being the most superior and Epsilon the least.
The characters are all oblivious to the true world, excluded from art, poetry, creativity as a whole, religion, science etc.
The main plot of the book is about a man named John, who has been given birth to by his actual mother, who isn't mother-born herself.
The book is heavily based on oppression, and it reveals why there is a 'Brave New World' in the first place and not a normal society like ours.
Lack of a positive message
Marxists do not favour religion because they see it as a way of exploitation, maintaining the citizens from rebelling.
The people in the 'BNW' society are kept oblivious from religion, they are unaware that it exists.
However, they have created their own 'religion', where they refer to a "Ford", who is the early twentieth-century industrialist and founder of the Ford Motor Company.
Religion has been replaced by reverence for technology
Clones are created to help cure humans. Their organs are taken away from them in order to heal the weak humans.
NLMG suggests that there is no use for religion or God because the most feared idea, death, has been cheated by humans. Humans do die at old age but they can escape dying from a young age by the use of clones.
Science has prevailed amongst the BNW society and has allowed the people to maintain their personal needs and interests.
They have invented something called 'soma', a type of medication, which every individual must take in times of distress (because the idea is to stay happy).
For example, they have other medication (or however one defines it) where they chew some sort of gum that meets their sexual needs.
Science is a revelation within this society also, where clones must donate their vital organs in order to save human beings.
"Call it the fault of civilization. God isn't compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness. You must make your choice. Our civilization has chosen machinery and medicine and happiness. That's why I have to keep these books locked up in the safe. They're smut. People would be shocked if..."
'Embryos are like a photograph film,' shows how they not cherished like babies are now. The gift of children is belittled. Photographic film, you're able to look through the photos you like and get rid of the ones you don't, implies that they try to make the best clones and defaults or anything inadequate to their standards are removed.
Treated like products. Once the clones have gone through one process they move onto the next one, all is done by machine. Their test tubes are labeled and are not even given names yet, but identified by the distributed social classes.
The Director refers to the clones being 'decanted', which means being poured from one container to another gradually, and has to often correct himself and say 'born'. Shows how much the growth of a baby is seen as a scientific process to characters in the book rather than fascinating as people of our time would find it to be.
Cut off from society, they were not even deemed worthy to roam amongst the people that made them, and the people they were modeled off of. Shows how the were seen as scum, or horrifying, mostly because it would enforce guilt over society, knowing that the people or 'things' they get their organs from are living.
The whole idea of the gallery, to see if they had souls. Implies that souls are an indicator of humanity and the students of Hailsham had to prove they had souls through art work, but that was disregarded as Hailsham closed down and all the clones continued with their donations. Almost makes me feel that no matter what they did, the clones would have never been able to convince society that they too were 'human' because they had been secluded too much, there wasn't any communication with the outside world, they were like animals in a cage, that society never fed or looked after.
Characters a not presented with an alternative world through out the novel. Due to being born to love their jobs, status, life and environment, therefore they have nothing to complain about. Though they live in a world where there is a lack of literature, love and care are. I see it as a form of torture, because the characters are being severely oppressed and they don't even know it nor do they care enough about it to change their society, presenting us with no hope because characters who do stand for something and want change, are cut off from existence within the novel and all that is left is a genetically programmed race who are happy to live in a world of dystopia.
Characters are presented with an alternative world but it does not exist, ultimately crushing the hope of a reader and the characters within the novel. Because they've been created to donate and have been informed about it, when hope is lost, there is no sort of mourning, sadness or longing for it. It is accepted and they go on to fulfill a will like life, with no rebellion, in the hopes of changing their futures into more positive ones, but also no knowledge of how, because they have been deprived of interaction with the outside world, they are not fully aware of the importance of the better opportunities that they have.