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Daniela Saldivar

on 9 September 2015

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Transcript of ACTING: CHAPTER 7

The coming of sound
In silent films actors had to convey their emotions on their face
The camera was encased in either a bulky soundproof booth or blimp
Camera & actors' movements were restricted
Difficulties that came with the addiction of sound:
- long static takes
-badly written dialogue
- voices not quite in control
- pour- quality recording
- slow cadence & emphasis on 'enunciated' tones
With microphones comes more takes/ rehearsal
Today's acting vs. Classical Studio Era
A movie star is 2 people: the actor and the character he/she plays
The golden age of Hollywood movie stars, was roughly from the 1930s until the 1950s
Basic lessons of acting were speaking and movement
Explain how the coming of sound into the movie industry affected acting.
Describe how movie acting today differs from that of the classical studio era.
Explain why the relationship between the actor and the camera is so important.
Describe the criteria used to cast actors.
Explain the differences between naturalistic and nonnaturalistic movie acting.
Define improvisational acting.
Explain the potential effects on acting of framing, composition, lighting, shot types, and shot lengths.
Casting Actors
People develop fascination of actors changing their names
Tino Balio writes 4 different classes of performers:
- supporting players
- stock players
- featured players
- movie stars
Today acting has become an interest among theorist and critics
Method acting was based on the theory of Konstantin Stanislavsky
Factors in casting actors: Gender, race, ethnicity, age
The American film industry tended to cast strong white male leads with 6 of 10 being white and 2 being African American.
These factors play a strong role in who makes the movie, who watches it, and how much money it takes to make it.
The industry has discovered that significant profits can be made by targeting film releases to different demographics.
Have to be comfortable together
Relationship is between the actors and camera
Actors interpret guidance from directors
Actors come closer to the audience by:
- close ups
- camera angles
- movements
- other cinematic techniques
Camera catches the smallest of details
Screen acting can be as intimate as examining a painting at arms-length away
"A movie actor paints with the tiniest of brush" - Joan Crawford
Relationship between actors and camera
Naturalistic and Nonnaturalistic
Naturalistic performance
originated in late 1800s, made famous by Stanislvaski
portrays "realistic"
- natural forms of speech and physical expression
- actors look like the characters should
Nonnaturalistic performance
exaggerated portrayals, even over acted
employ strange or out landish costumes
frequently found in horror, fantasy, and action films
aim: effect beyond the normal range of human experience
often intend to distance or estrange audience from characters
Improvisation can mean extemporizing
usually flows seamlessly on screen
even though improv is a big part of learning to act, many studios don't utilize it
if an actor doesn't like a line he/she will tell the director instead of improvising
Popular t.v. shows featuring improv include: The League, Bosom Buddies, and Whose line is it anyways?
Courtesy of Google Images
Studios renewed actors' standard 7-year option contract
Courtesy of Google Images
Actors were trained to perform realism by bringing their own past experiences and emotions to their own
Courtesy of Google Images
- actors look like the characters should
- they should think, speak, and move like their characters persona
aim: audience see great acting recreation of character
Courtesy of Google Images
Courtesy of Google Images
Casting is defined as the process of choosing and hiring actors for a movie
Casting can take place during pre-production (after the script is written) or the part can be written with a specific actor in mind.
In the studio system, studios restricted castings to their own actor. Today, casting directors work under contract with independent producers.
Actors may play major roles, minor roles, character roles, cameo roles, and/or walk-ons
Screen acting is a art where actors use imagination, intelligence, psychology, memory, vocal technique, facial expressions, body language, and an overall knowledge of film making.
Framing, composition, lighting, shot types, and shot lengths

Framing and composition can bring actors together or apart, creating or diminishing relationships.
Lighting can also help create meaning.
Long takes encourage ensemble acting, which shift attention from editing to acting.
Ensemble acting- emphasizes the interactions of actors, not the individual actor, creating mise-en-scene for both the stage and the screen
Camera shots, specifically close ups, create greater naturalism and intimacy between the actors and the audience

Barsam, Richard, and Dave Monahan. Looking At Movies. 4th ed. N.p.: W.W. Norton & Company, 2013. Print. Edition
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