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Crime and Deviance- Sociology Presentation
Transcript of Crime and Deviance- Sociology Presentation
Laws are a part of social control in a society that regulates behavior. Imagine a society with no norms or laws to regulate. People would be killing others and robbing. Laws are just a social progress in response to what is needed for social control.
Why and how do people conform to such laws and norms?
The control theory states that members of our society leads us to follow and conform into these laws. Our friends, family, and peers allow us to follow our society's mores and norms systematically. People want to fit in and not be seen differently and therefore obeys social norms.
Deviance and Social Stigma
can be defined as a behavior that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society. Examples of deviancy includes alcoholics, prison inmates, and the mentally ill. On the basis of sociological definition, we can all be deviants from time to time because simple acts of misunderstanding, such as wearing jeans to an informal wedding, can be classified as deviancy.
What is deviance?
Crime and Deviance
Destiny Nguyen, Arianna Chambers, Jimmy Tu, Gabriel Castillo, Antonio Yep, and Justine Manning.
How Deviance Affects Us
Deviance involves the violation of group norms, which may or may not be formalized into law. It includes criminal behavior as well as many actions that are not subject to prosecution. Of course, deviation from norms is not always negative, let alone criminal.
Some laws cannot stand, however, without a consensus to support it. For example, the 18th amendment stated the prohibition of alcohol or temperance. People immediately denied it and drank anyways in secret. Soon, this law was dropped in the people's favor.
A popular question over the use of medical marijuana becoming legalized is being argued today. A majority of adults in the United States supports this law in national surveys. However, the federal government still accounts all use of marijuana illegal. Some states, on the other hand, granted the right for citizens to use marijuana for medical purposes anyways.
Social control consists of the techniques used to prevent deviant human behavior in a society and brings acceptance of basic norms. It affects all levels of society, such as:
Expected to listen to parents
Expected to follow informal norms (dress codes, etc.)
Expect students to meet certain standards
Some laws are controversial and are sometimes tough to regulate. For example, is it against the law to pray in public schools? These laws compete with our other laws. In this case, religious freedom.
An example of social control would be the practice of dieting. It has been around since the 1860s and mainly targeted white males. A slender male body was associated with white superiority, among other things. Soon, women began dieting as well and it became a normative practice.
Laws and Society
A person can obtain a deviant identity through very many ways. Because of physical or behavioral characteristics, some people are unwilingly cast in negative social roles. Once they have been determined deviant, it becomes hard for them to present a positive image of themself. Which causes a low self-esteem.
Deviance and Technology
Some deviant uses of technology are criminal, though not all users see it that way. On the street, the for-profit pirating of movies and music have become a big business. (bootlegging...) On the internet, downloading music is forbidden by opyright, but it is still widely accepted.
Deviance is a complex concept. Sometimes it is trivial, and sometimes it is profoundly harmful. Sometimes it is accepted by society, and sometimes soundly rejected.
There are two types of social control:
Casual enforcement of norms (smiles, laughter, etc.)
Enforcement by authorized people (police officers, employers, etc.)
-Index crimes, or the eight form of crime, are used to survey crime in America
-Victimization surveys are when questions are asked to the people instead of the police officers although this does come with limitations
-The eight form of crimes: murder, forcible rape, robbery, aggervated assault, property crime, burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehical theft.
-A dramatic decline in crime has occurred this past decade.
-In crime today there are debates over who is persicuted. This leads to the belief that there is racial descrimination in the justice system and sparks heated debates.
Bozzi, C. (2012). THE POSITIVE CRITERIA OF LEGAL NORMS: LAW BETWEEN FACTS AND NORMS. Journal Jurisprudence, 16537-582.
Vester, Katharina. "Regime change: gender, class, and the invention of dieting in post-bellum America." Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Version 44.1. Journal of Social History, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.
Deming, David J. "Does school choice reduce Crime? Evidence from North Carolina." Education Next 12.2 (2012): 70+. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 12 Feb. 2014.
Deviant behavior is a behavior that violates social norms. Some of this behavior is accepted by society.
However, some of them carry negative stigma on society. A society uses control to show acceptance on basic norms. And some norms are so important that they're formed into laws.
Crime: A Social Approach
What is crime from a sociological Approach?
Crime is a violation of criminal law for which some governmental authority applies formal penalties.
Examples of types of crimes would be professional crime, Organized crime, White-Collar crime, Hate crime, and Transnational crime.
Crime From a Sociological Perspective
Crime is not define by legal categories from a sociological perspective.
They are define by how they were committed and how we as a society view they as wrong.
Crimes Affect on Society
Crimes create norms for people on a wide scale.
For example murdering an animal in the united states is seen as animal cruelty,
But in other countries animals are murdered for sacrifices to their religion or used as a right of passage.
Organized Crime is an example of crime were a group of individuals coming together to build a criminal enterprise involved in illegal actives. Such as the Colombian Mafia.
Social Control Perspectives on Deviance
Functionalist Perspective: deviance is a common part of human existence, with positive as well as negative consequences for social stability.
Interactionist Perspective:: explains why rule violations continue to happen despite pressure to conform and obey
Social Control Perspectives on Deviance
Conflict Perspective: points out that people with power protect their interests and define deviance to suit their needs.
Feminist Perspective: believe that many of the perspectives on deviance were created only by men
An example of crime
Crime causes a panic in society that creates norms and regulations for society. Crime creates the standard for what is right and what is wrong.