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The Impact of School Sports

An in depth analysis of the views, impact, and value of school sports in Americas schools.
by

Brandon Davidson

on 20 June 2017

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Transcript of The Impact of School Sports

The Impact of
School Sports

Brandon Davidson
EDTE 5600

"School Sports" Defined
"School sports refer to athletic programs in the context of the school setting."
Recommendations
What does the Research Say?
School sports often results in success indicators that contribute to positive youth development.
The affects on Students?
When engaged with positive role models, students are able to develop positive development physical and social characteristics.
My views
School Recommendations
Viewpoint 1
Pro Sports
Viewpoint 2
Anti - Sports
Learning Theories
Participants in school sports are often referred to as "Student-Athletes".
"School sports logically follow from the educational mission: citizenship, sportsmanship, fair play, teamwork, respect, and health and welfare of all students not only during the school years but continuing into adulthood."
Reference List
Ettekal, A. a., Konowitz, L. S., Agans, J. P., Syer, T., & Lerner, R. M. (2017). Researcher-Practitioner Collaborations: Applying Developmental Science to Understand Sport Participation and Positive Youth Development. Journal Of Community Engagement & Higher Education, 9(1), 29-45.
Martin Camiré (2014) Youth Development in North American High School
Sport: Review and Recommendations, Quest, 66:4, 495-511, DOI: 10.1080/00336297.2014.952448
Savić, Z., Stojanović, N., Ranđelović, N., & Stojiljković, N. (2015). THE DIFFERENCES IN THE ATTITUDES OF ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOL CHILDREN ON THE IMPORTANCE AND DEVELOPMENT OF SCHOOL SPORT. Facta Universitatis: Series Physical Education & Sport, 13(2), 229-240.
Sports Crowd out Academic Missions resulting gaps in achievement per state test scores.
Can create a context where student athletes are exposed to racism, discrimination, and may resort to gamesmanship tactics to gain advantages over opponents.
Financial burden and resources expended on sports that could be used for educational purposes that would benefit the student body rather than athletics.
Sporting events give opportunity to for parents, teachers, and students to increase "social capital."
Social Capital
"The norms, social networks, and relationships between adults and children that are of value for the child's growing up."
Gives, economically disadvantages students unique opportunities to interact and engage with positive role models
Sports participation is linked to Positive Youth Development Indicators.
"PYD" Indicators
positive and sustained relationships with engaged and competent adult.
youth life-skill development opportunities.
opportunities to enact these skills in valued family, school, or community settings.
Students are able to develop team building and critical thinking skills.
Develop skills dealing with adversity and success
Students can also develop life long physical education habits and awareness.
School sports that contribute to youth development are often in elementary and high school settings.
A continued emphasis and implementation of school sports opportunity and available for students in elementary and high school settings.
Careful consideration of Coach's to lead school sports to contribute to positive youth development during sports and in the classroom.
Consistent leadership presence and communication between administrators and school sports coach's / athletes to ensure all school missions and values are emphasized.
With the opportunities for low income students, sports can create a strong sense of purpose and commitment that may not be present other wise.
School sports provide additional resources and financial opportunities for students and the surrounding community that may not be available otherwise.
School sports are pivotal in creating life skill such as dealing with adversity, team building, commitment, progress and process growth, as well as a sense of belonging to something greater than self.
School sports boost moral, school spirit and students self-esteem.
School sports give student athletes an outlet from academics while pushing students to do their best in both areas. School sports are important for academic success.
Education from the school district for parents and athletes on importance of academics before athletics.
Careful financial considerations of athletic programs to ensure positive growth.
Student physical, social, and moral development should be most important factors in athletic decisions.
Academic focus and teacher effectiveness should be top consideration when choosing school sports coach's and mentors.
The advantages of school sports can be life changing. Paired with proper academic influence and strong leadership, student athletes can acquire life long benefits from school sports.
Status Today
"Participation in School Athletics." PsycEXTRA Dataset (n.d.): n. pag. Web.
Daniel H. Bowen and Colin Hitt. "High-School Sports Aren't Killing Academics." The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, 02 Oct. 2013. Web. 20 June 2017.

3 out of 4 students quit sports before high school because of an emphasis on winning and negative feedback.
Student Athletes often have higher academic grades and scores than their non-athlete peers.
Student Athletes are more likely to develop social and physical skills because of the sports environment.
1. Erikson's Psychosocial Theory of Development
Students in the Industry vs Inferiority stage (for elementary and middle school students) may find playing sports challenging during this stage. Here students are tasked with new demands and learning requirements on top of playing and committing to a sport. However, students in this stage may make strong and fluid progress academically and athletically if there are able to meet these demands and welcome the future challenges.
2. Self Worth and Achievement
Learning Theories
In School sports, student athletes are able to belong to a group and being a part of a team sport in school may lead to higher self-esteem. According to Moreno (2010), students with higher self-esteem are more likely to succeed in school and have more positive attitudes.
However, feedback and communication from coach's mentors should be carefully considered to be more effective. Too much or not enough praise can be detrimental.
Learning Theories
3. Friendship and Peer Status
School sports is an effective opportunity for students to create new friendships and possibly boost their peer status. Often, students who have friends are more motivated to learn and achieve at higher levels.
Often students become athletes to raise their peer status in hopes to become "popular children" over 'neglected" or controversial children"
Moreno (2010) tells use that neglected or rejected, they often perform poorly in the classroom and demonstrate lower levels of motivation.
Learning Theories
4. Parenting Styles
Athletes are often pressured and scrutinized heavily by parents for performance. With such demands on winning and being better than their peers, parents often exhibit authoritarian behavior. High expectations are acceptable if communication and responsiveness is appropriate.
Parenting has become a leading reason for students to quit athletics. Parents also may create more damage when interacting wit coaches or officials causing more harm.
Moreno, R. (2010) Educational Psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 119-132
School Sports Objective
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