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Gender Wage Gap

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Laura Romaniello

on 8 January 2016

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Transcript of Gender Wage Gap

What is the Wage Gap?
The wage gap is a statistical indicator used as an index of the status of women's earnings compared to men. It is also used to compare the earnings of other races and ethnicity to those of white men.
It is expressed as a percentage and is calculated by dividing the median annual earnings for women by the median annual earnings for men.
Some factors that effect the wage gap include:
Career choice
In General
Research has shown that women were more likely to say they had taken career interruptions to care for their family
4/10 mothers say they have taken significant time off from work (39%)
42% say they've reduced work hours to care for children
27% say they've quit altogether to take care of family responsibilities whereas 24% of men say the same.
The Big Number: 79%
In 2014, women working full-time in the US were typically paid 79% of what men were paid.
The gap narrowed since the 1970's due to women's progress in education and workforce participation, but in recent years the pay gap has stalled
Pay Gap by Race
Among full-time workers in 2014, Hispanic, African American, American Indian, and Native Hawaiian women had lower median annual earnings compared with non-Hispanic white and Asian American women
Compared with salary information for white male workers, Asian American women’s salaries show the smallest gender pay gap, at 90 percent of white men’s earnings
The gap was largest for Hispanic and Latina women, who were paid only 54 percent of what white men were paid in 2014
Pay Gap by Education
Gender Wage Gap
Thank you!
Do women earn less than men
in equal positions?

Pay Gap by State
Career Choice
Pay Gap by Age
According to experts, often in regions where earnings are low across the board is where we see the slimmest gap in wages by gender.
These same states are often regions with high proportions of unemployment.
In Wyoming, females earn 64 cents to the dollar compared to men due to the farming and ranching culture.
In states like Louisiana, West Virginia, Utah and Alabama, access to education is harder for women
Nevada has one of the fewer pay gaps, this is because Nevada is a state that’s biggest economic draws are travel, retail and entertainment.
A blackjack dealer is a blackjack dealer; unions have always been very good for women in terms of getting their wages and benefits up to par
Earnings for both female and male full-time workers tend to increase with age, with a plateau after 45 and a drop after age 65
Women typically earn about 90 percent of what men are paid until they hit 35
After that, median earnings for women are typically 75–80 percent of what men are paid
As a rule, earnings increase as years of education increase for both men and women
However, while more education is a useful tool for increasing earnings, it is not effective against the gender pay gap
At every level of academic achievement, women’s median earnings are less than men’s median earnings, and in some cases, the gender pay gap is larger at higher levels of education
Men and women tend to gravitate towards different careers. The most popular choices for men tend to pay higher than the most popular choices for women
More men than women are willing to expose themselves to work-related injury or death in exchange for higher wages
Among the many occupations for which the Bureau of Labor Statistics collects data that allow for valid comparison, women’s earnings are higher than men’s in only a handful
Jobs traditionally associated with men tend to pay better than traditionally female jobs for the same level of skill required
Increasing the number of women in traditionally male fields is likely to improve wages for women, but it is unlikely to fully eliminate the pay gap
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