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The Renaissance

Mr. Kim's World History
by

Daniel Kim

on 6 January 2016

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Transcript of The Renaissance

The School of Athens
Raphael
Painter
1483-1520
The Last Supper
Moses
Born in 1475 in a small town near Florence, is considered to be one of the most inspired men who ever lived
Mona Lisa
One of the most celebrated geniuses of all time.
Most likely was a homosexual which was punishable by death at the time
1452-1519
Painter, Sculptor, Architect, Engineer
Notebooks
About a year after creating David, Pope Julius II summoned Michelangelo to Rome to work on his most famous project, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Sistine Chapel
Michelangelo created his masterpiece David in 1504.
David
Plato and Aristotle
Socrates
Pythagoras
La Pieta 1499
Marble Sculpture
The Last Judgment
Separation of Light and Darkness
Creation of Adam
Creation of Eve
Raphael (back)
Zoroaster & Ptolemy
Euclid
Essential Questions of the Unit:
What was the Renaissance?
Where did it begin?
What caused it?
What were its lasting effects?
The
R
e
n
a
i
s
s
a
n
c
e
What was the Renaissance
is the French word for
"rebirth"
and was coined in the 14th century to describe a cultural movement that sparked remarkable achievements in the
arts, literature, science, and learning
.
Now to fully appreciate the true beauty of the era, we need to see it in context with the past!
Now as we remember, the
Greeks
and the
Romans
were parts of brilliant civilizations that generated thousands of renowned works of art, literature, engineering, and more
Clearly, European society was on the rise
But then came.......
The Dark Ages
With the fall of Rome to the barbarians in 476 CE, the Black Death, and the Viking invasions, Europe experienced a horrible era of ignorance and suffering
Greece
Roman Empire
Roads
Trade
Philosophy
Civilization
Literature
Plague
Death
Low Life expectancy
Barbarians
Fall of Rome
Ignorance
Classical Age
The Dark Ages
We then find the light at the end of the tunnel and voila, the Rebirth
The Renaissance
Inventions
Logic
Masterpieces
Leonardo Da Vinci
Education
Music
So what caused the Renaissance?
While most of Europe was still being ravaged by the
Black Death
, Italy still managed to continue
trading with the rest of the world
It all started in Italy
So it turns out, having tons of money is a great thing for
inspiring culture
.
Florence
Milan
Venice
Rome
Another reason Italy was primed for the Renaissance was because the
ancient ruins of Rome
inspired and intrigued scholars and artists of past
classical culture
While Renaissance men were
obsessed with the Greek and Roman cultures
, they were distinctly unique from their predecessors
Humanism
Secularism
Here are some major themes of the Renaissance:
Science
Art
While the Church was a positive force during the Dark Ages, its teachings generally
undermined

the individual
as sinful, weak, and pitiful compared to an
omnipotent God
Humanism on the other hand emphasized and celebrated the
individual
and believed that the potential of the
human mind was limitless
!
This focus on the individual drove scholars to focus on history, poetry, philosophy, and the arts
While Renaissance thinkers never truly abandoned the church, many of them did
switch their focus
from the spiritual world, to the physical one. This is called
Secularism
Most literature had always been about religion. The Renaissance created secular books, most famously
"The Prince" by Machiavelli
So...Is it better to be
feared
or
loved
?
Literature
Controlled by the De Medici Family, who became great patrons of the arts.
Sitting on the Adriatic, it attracts trade from all over the world.
One of the richest cities, it controls trade through the Alps.
Italy
failed to become united
during the Dark Ages. Many independent city-states emerged in northern and central Italy that played an important role in Italian politics and art.
Better for a ruler to be feared than to be loved
Ruler should be quick and decisive in decision making
Ruler keeps power by any means necessary without worrying about conscience
The end justifies the means
Be good when possible, and evil when necessary
Machiavelli observed the city-state rulers of his day, and produced

guidelines for the acquisition and maintenance of power
by ABSOLUTE rule.
Machiavelli believed:
“One can make this generalization about men: they are ungrateful, fickle, liars, and deceivers, they shun danger and are greedy for profit”
Why is this so famous?
Did Michelangelo depict God as a brain?
What does God look like?
Rich merchants began paying artists and poets large sums of money to create their art. These merchants were called
Patrons
Remember the Athenian Greeks?
The Medici Family!
By the way...
This here is a painting done by Paul Gauguin in 1892, called "When will you marry?" It sold for a
record $300 million dollars
in 2015 to an unknown buyer (reportedly to a buyer in Qatar)
Full transcript