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ELS - St. Patrick's Day

A short introduction to Saint Patrick's Day for ESL students.
by

Mia Smith

on 27 April 2016

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Transcript of ELS - St. Patrick's Day

What is Ireland?
The island of Ireland consists of two countries: Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom and the capital is called Belfast. The Republic of Ireland is a separate country and the capital is called Dublin.
Who was St. Patrick?
St. Patrick is the
patron saint
of Ireland. He was born in Britain near the end of the fourth
century
. He is believed to have died on March 17, around 460 A.D. At the age of 16, Patrick was taken prisoner by a group of Irish
raiders
who were attacking his family’s home. They brought him to Ireland where he spent six years as a slave. During this time, he worked as a shepherd, guarding sheep. It is said that this is when he became a Christian.
After more than six years as a prisoner, Patrick escaped. To do so, Patrick walked nearly 200 miles to the Irish coast. According to the legend, an angel in a dream told him to return to Ireland as a
missionary
.
Familiar with the Irish language and culture, Patrick chose to mix traditional
ritual
into his lessons of Christianity instead of trying to get rid of
native
Irish
beliefs
.

Based on http://www.history.com/topics/st-patricks-day/who-was-saint-patrick
Shamrocks and the colour green
Irish people wear green on St. Patrick's day. It is said to bring luck. Also, if a person isn't wearing anything green you can pinch them.
What about the snakes?
St. Patrick is said to have driven all snakes away from Ireland. The truth is that there never were any snakes in Ireland.
Thank you!
How much do you know about Ireland?
On March 17th St. Patrick's Day is celebrated in Ireland, in the USA and in many more places around the world. Today we are having a quick look at Ireland and St. Patrick. Pay attention, there will be a quiz at the end!

Skills to practice:
reading
listening
culture studies
Did you get it?
Let's watch a video that tells us the story once more.


St. Patrick's Day
A brief introduction to Ireland
Celebrations today
Large parades are held to celebrate St. Patrick's day. The first ones actually took place in the USA. The Chicago river has been dyed green for the occasion for more than 50 years on St Patrick's Day.
People also wear green, drink beer and eat bacon and cabbage.
According to legend, St. Patrick used the three leaves of a shamrock to symbolize the holy trinity: the father, the son and the holy spirit.
Other than English, Irish is a national language in Ireland. It is very different to English and you will probably not understand a single word of it.
A common phrase is "Éirinn go Brách", which means "Ireland forever".
Ready for a quiz?

https://play.kahoot.it/#/k/015eb8cc-0a5c-4229-aad0-3b679a7e2f2b
Look at the
bold words
. Do you understand them all? Work with a friend. Try to explain the words to each other.
https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ireland
https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_language
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erin_go_bragh
http://www.history.com/topics/st-patricks-day/who-was-saint-patrick
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/03/140315-saint-patricks-day-2014-snakes-ireland-nation/
https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Patrick%27s_Day
https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shamrock
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_River
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leprechaun
By Morburre (Own work) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=482629
By Mike Boehmer from Chicago, IL, USA - [1], CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6259542
Sources
Leprechauns
A leprechaun is a short, mischievous man wearing a green hat and coat and a beard. His job is make shoes and he is said to have hidden a pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. If you catch him, he will grant you three wishes, or even his pot of gold. .
FAL, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=385145
Do you think leprechauns are real?
Watch this song about leprechauns.
Full transcript