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Islam

SOL 8
by

Mr. Shank

on 6 February 2017

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Transcript of Islam

Islam
Bedouins- Arab nomads
with camel herds.

600 C.E.
Mecca
Trade
What do you think they traded?
spices
incense
perfumes
metals
ivory
silk
Where do you think they eventually settled?
Medina
Yemen
Ka'aba
Ka'aba
- ancient shrine in Mecca.
2130 BCE
Allah- or God
Muhammad
570-632 CE
Muhammad was a trader and business manager.
He was deeply into religion.

Muhammad
Angel Gabriel
When Muhammad was 40, Gabriel tells Muhammad to spread the word of Allah or God.
Islam
means "submission to the will of Allah"
Muslim
means "one who submits"

Muhammad was convinced that he was the last of the Prophets and he was destined to spread the word of God.
Why might this be a problem?
200 Miles
Hijrah
622 CE
This date began the Muslim dating system, calender. It runs 354 or 355 days in a year and they are currently on the 1439 AH.
Jerusalem
Dome of the Rock
5 Pillars of Islam
Faith
Testify "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
Prayer
5 times a day facing towards Mecca.
Alms
Giving money to the poor through a special religious tax.
Fasting
During the Islamic holy month Ramadan, Muslims fast between dawn and sunset.
Pilgrimage
All Muslims who are physically and financially able preform the hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once.
Qur'an
The holy book of the Muslims.
Sunna - live like Muhammad.
shari'a - body of law that regulates Muslims.

Muhammad
Abu-Bakr
Expanded Islam with "jihad"
Umar
Uthman
Ali
Caliphs -successor
"Rightly Guided"
Jihad means an armed
struggle against none believers
Died in 634 CE
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
Sunni-caliph chosen by Muslim leaders.
Believed the first four were the "Rightly Guided" Caliphs. Follwers of Sunna, "way of the prophet" (75-90% of Muslims)
Shi'ite - believe caliph must be a descendant of the prophet Muhammad. (Ali) Do not recognize the authority of the Sunna. 10-25%
Sufi - Muslims who live a simple life. (Small sect.) Live a life of poverty and devotion to a spiritual path. 1% or less
Damascus
Damascus
Jerusalem
Assassinated in 656
Umayyads - Muslim family took control.
Assassinated
in 661 CE
Abbasids- drove out the Umayyads in 750 CE
Baghdad
Battle of Tours
Assassinated in 644 CE
Berbers
Umayyads caliphate
732 CE
Al-Andalus
Moors- or Muslims in Spain
711-1492 CE
Tours
Muhammad ascended to heaven.
Jewish calender is 5777
3763 BCE
"The Cube"
Muslims believe that Jews and Christians are “People of the Book”
that they share a common ancestry- all the way to Abraham.

Umayyad
Years- 661 CE – 750 CE
Capital- Damascus
Contributions to Government- Division of Islam
Abbasid
Years- 750 CE – 1258 CE
Capital- Baghdad
Contributions to Government- Dominant trade organization.

Baghdad
Spain
Education in Muslim cities increased with the creation of Universities.
Muslim scholars played an important role in translating, and thereby
preserving the works of Greece and Rome.
Muslim scholars also improved the discoveries of Math and Science.
The most important Muslim Urban centers were:
1. Cordoba
2. Mecca
3. Damascus
4. Cairo
5. Baghdad
Full transcript