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Transcript of Islam
Bedouins- Arab nomads
with camel herds.
What do you think they traded?
Where do you think they eventually settled?
- ancient shrine in Mecca.
Allah- or God
Muhammad was a trader and business manager.
He was deeply into religion.
When Muhammad was 40, Gabriel tells Muhammad to spread the word of Allah or God.
means "submission to the will of Allah"
means "one who submits"
Muhammad was convinced that he was the last of the Prophets and he was destined to spread the word of God.
Why might this be a problem?
This date began the Muslim dating system, calender. It runs 354 or 355 days in a year and they are currently on the 1439 AH.
Dome of the Rock
5 Pillars of Islam
Testify "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
5 times a day facing towards Mecca.
Giving money to the poor through a special religious tax.
During the Islamic holy month Ramadan, Muslims fast between dawn and sunset.
All Muslims who are physically and financially able preform the hajj or pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once.
The holy book of the Muslims.
Sunna - live like Muhammad.
shari'a - body of law that regulates Muslims.
Expanded Islam with "jihad"
Jihad means an armed
struggle against none believers
Died in 634 CE
Sunni-caliph chosen by Muslim leaders.
Believed the first four were the "Rightly Guided" Caliphs. Follwers of Sunna, "way of the prophet" (75-90% of Muslims)
Shi'ite - believe caliph must be a descendant of the prophet Muhammad. (Ali) Do not recognize the authority of the Sunna. 10-25%
Sufi - Muslims who live a simple life. (Small sect.) Live a life of poverty and devotion to a spiritual path. 1% or less
Assassinated in 656
Umayyads - Muslim family took control.
in 661 CE
Abbasids- drove out the Umayyads in 750 CE
Battle of Tours
Assassinated in 644 CE
Moors- or Muslims in Spain
Muhammad ascended to heaven.
Jewish calender is 5777
Muslims believe that Jews and Christians are “People of the Book”
that they share a common ancestry- all the way to Abraham.
Years- 661 CE – 750 CE
Contributions to Government- Division of Islam
Years- 750 CE – 1258 CE
Contributions to Government- Dominant trade organization.
Education in Muslim cities increased with the creation of Universities.
Muslim scholars played an important role in translating, and thereby
preserving the works of Greece and Rome.
Muslim scholars also improved the discoveries of Math and Science.
The most important Muslim Urban centers were: