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The Persian Wars
Transcript of The Persian Wars
The Battle of Marathon
The Battle of Thermopylae
The Battle of Salamis
The Battle of Plataea
Persia was a Gigantic Empire!
--Ruled by King Darius, the Persians conquered wealthy Greek settlements in Ionia.
Took farmland and harbors.
Forced to pay tributes.
Had to serve in the army.
--Ionians asked Athens for help.
They did! Victory!
--Athenians left. Small Ionian army left to defend Ionia.
--Persians returned. Punished the Ionians for rebelling.
Destroyed major city of Miletus.
Sold people into slavery.
Why is this battle known as the Bravery of 300?
When Athenian citizens heard about the slaughter at Thermopylae, they boarded ships and headed to the nearby small islands.
With only a small army left, Xerxes burnt Athens to the ground!!
Athenian navy leader Themistocles thought the Persians could be defeated in the narrow channels between the islands and the mainland.
He set a trap by telling Xerxes that he wanted to join the Persian's side. He said if Xerxes attacked now, the Greeks would surrender.
Xerxes fell for it and ordered his ships to enter the narrow waterway between Salamis and the mainland.
As they approached, the Greek ships retreated farther back into the channel, drawing the Persians further in.
The Greeks surrounded the Persian ships and crushed them.
Persians lost 300 ships, the Greeks lost 40.
After the defeat at Salamis, Xerxes takes some of his soldiers back to Hellespont and leaves the remaining in Greece with orders to attack in the spring.
When spring arrived, the Persians approached Athens again.
The Spartans feared the Athenians would try to make peace with the Persians since their city had been destroyed.
But the Athenians declared their brotherhood with all the Greeks.
They would fight.
The decisive battle took place outside the town of Plataea where 80,000 Greek troops destroyed the Persian army. The threat of the Persian Empire was over.
This important victory preserved Greek independence and kept Persia from conquering all of Europe
Price of victory:
Thousands of Greeks dead.
City of Athens ruined.
Athenians rebuilt their city and raised it to an even greater glory.
The Ioanian Revolt