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The Cold War

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Emily Rochford

on 7 December 2016

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Transcript of The Cold War

The Cold War
Aftermath of WWII
Tension mounts
Cold War at Home
Cold War at Home Continues
The Arms Race
The Space Race
The United Nations- 1945
The Truman Doctrine
The Marshall Plan- 1948
The Berlin Airlift
The Berlin Wall
NATO/ Warsaw Pact
China Falls to Communism- 1949
The Loyalty Programs
Spy Cases in the United States
- After the rigged communist systems were implanted in much of Eastern Europe, rebels began to threatened democracy in Greece and Turkey. At this point, Truman decided to offer these countries military aid.

He promised to:

- Avoided appeasement
- Promised to protect any nation fighting against Communism

The Truman doctrine will influence later fighting in many countries including: Korea, Vietnam and Afghanistan.

- After the Nuremberg Trials and "Denazification" of Germany, rebuilding in Europe was desperately needed
- Much of Europe was devastated and facing famine.
- Secretary of State George C. Marshall, proposed that massive aid be given to war torn countries, in order to rebuild their economies
- MacArthur also spent resources to rebuilt Japan.
The Marshall Plan was a huge success. It help create strong alliances and strong trading partners with the United States.
- In 1948, the French, British and Americans decided to merge their zones of occupation into a single state.
- The Soviets reacted to the merger by announcing a blockade of West Berlin.
- The Western Nations refused to abandon West Berlin, so a massive airlift began in order to feed and supply the west half of the city.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- Based a concept of collective security
- They pledged to defend one another if attacked

Warsaw Pact
-Response from the USSR
- Alliance between the USSR and its satellite nations
- Built in 1961, to prevent East Germans from escaping into West Berlin.
- The Chinese Communist party, led by Mao Zedong, was able to overthrow the Nationalist Party, in 1949, with support from the USSR.
- Nationalist Leaders fled to Taiwan
- The U.S. refused to accept China as a "Red State" and used its Veto power to allow "Red China" into the UN
- The U.S. also pledged to protect the Nationalist government on Taiwan against any Communist attacks
-In 1950, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were charged with selling national secrets to the USSR about constructing the atomic bomb

-They were convicted and executed.

- Many doubted their guilt, but in 1997, the Venona Papers revealed Julius Rosenberg's guilt.
-In 1950, Joseph McCarthy claimed to know of hundreds of Communists who had infiltrate the U.S. State Department

- After three years of trials, McCarthy never provided any real proof for his charges.

- Considered the second "Red Scare"

- The witch hunt frightened many Americans
- By 1957, the USSR launched the first man made satellite, Sputnik
- This began a "space race" between the superpowers
-The U.S. responded by starting new Math and Science programs and launching their own satellite in 1958.
-By 1949, the Soviet Union had developed its own atomic bomb
-In response, by 1952, the US has developed the hydrogen bomb which was immensely more powerful than the original bombs
- Policies of deterrent were set in motion
- Anti Communist fear and propaganda spread through the United States

- Loyalty Review Boards were put in place to investigate new hires by the federal government and interrogate anyone suspected of "Communism"

- The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) was established through congress to investigate any American disloyalty

- The Hollywood Ten were found guilty by HUAC and sentenced to 6 months - year in prison.

-McCarren- Walter Act (1952) was vetoed by Truman.
The Korean War
The Red Dot Game
You will participate in an activity in which
you will form groups based on your secret
1. You will each receive a piece of paper
Some are blank
Some have a dot drawn on them
Hint: There are fewer dots than non-dots

When you receive your piece of paper you
must secretly look at it. If you receive a dot
you must not reveal it to anyone.
When you are done looking hide it or put it in your pocket.
Goal of the Activity:
The goal of the activity is to form as
large of a group of “non-dot” members as possible

The largest group of “non-dot” students will win 10 points.
The whole group will lose if there is one “dot” member in your group
“Dot” members will win 10 points for being the only dot in a group
Since everyone in the class will deny
having a dot you must look for any
indication of suspicion

If you suspect someone has a dot you
should say out loud, “Bob is a dot!”

If you are a “Dot” then you must bluff to convince others that you are not a dot.
What questions do you have?

On GO: You have 5 minutes to talk to
each other and form groups with “nondot”

When I turn off the lights, you must
freeze in your place and talking must
end immediately.
Please grab a book and turn to page 658. This work is to be done independently. Please write a complete MAIN IDEA sentence for each paragraph. Also you must color in the maps of the areas impacted by Cold War policy in the 40s and 50s.
Duck and Cover
Liberating Europe!
Rising Tensions
Yalta marked a turning point in Soviet-American relations. President Roosevelt had hoped that an Allied victory and the creation of the United Nations would lead to a more peaceful world. Instead, as the war came to an end, the United States and the Soviet Union became increasingly hostile toward each other. The Potsdam Conference furthered this divide. The Cold War, an era of confrontation and competition between the nations, lasted from about 1946 to about 1990.
United States
- Security in Europe
- Capitalist countries trying to destroy communism
- Weaken Germany
- Influence Eastern block to adhere to communist ideology
- Protect communist ideology against capitalist countries
- Economic devastation due to a lack of trade or continued warfare
- The take over of sovereign European Countries
- The Spread of Communism- The Iron Curtain
- Strengthen and rebuild the democratic countries in Europe
- Protect countries from communism
The Iron Curtain Speech
Yalta Conference: Cartoon Activity
The Kennedy Years
Full transcript