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Intelligent buildings aka. building automation
Transcript of Intelligent buildings aka. building automation
energy management systems. “Use of technology and process to create a building that is safer and more productive for its occupants and more operationally efficient for its owners.” AUTOMATION
BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM WHAT IS IT? centralized, interlinked, networks of hardware and software monitor and control the environment in facilities. TYPES OF BUILDING AUTOMATION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS 1960s/1970s pneumatic or air-based and restricted to controlling various aspects of the HVAC system 1980s analog electronic control devices 1990s digital control or DDC devices
automation system was fully functional but not “interoperable” or capable of mixing products from various manufacturers 2000s ASHRAE developed the BACnet communication protocol that eventually became the industry open standard WHAT IS CONTROLLED? mechanical, electrical, plumbing systems Power monitoringSecurityClose circuit video (CCTV)Card and keypad accessFire alarm systemElevators/escalatorsPlumbing and water monitoring WHAT IS CONTROLLED? BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM TRENDS While it is quite common to replace a pneumatic control system with a direct digital control (DDC) system, pneumatic-to-DDC bridging strategies also exist.
More controls are coming to the construction site, factory pre-mounted to equipment.
Hardware and software continues to be augmented by energy-related visuals.
There has been tremendous consolidation among BAS manufacturers, leaving relatively few independent players (such as KMC Controls).
User and technology communication language. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS Lowers utility costs Maintains measured comfort Enhances property value Reduces maintenance costs Full building control
over a single infrastructure Reduces energy use
and increases security Extortion of using technology
from one provider Only specialists can manage
the system High installation costs User can not influence enviroment of his working space ROOM AUTOMATION INTELLIGENT BUILDINGS - LAW / ENERGETIC CLASSES IN EU CONCLUSIONS Building automation and building management systems are necessary – increased energy exploration prices and development of sustainable architecture demand complex systems of efficient energy use.
New technologies are making the process easier, however there is a need for easier and more individual influence for building enviroment – especially in human scale. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION Aleksandra Siłuch, ASK WAPW 2012