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Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting
Transcript of Summarizing, Paraphrasing, and Quoting
Paraphrasing or Summarizing: Steps 1 and 2
1. Read the passage 2-3 times. Then maybe read it a 4th time.
2. Look up any words that you don't understand in the dictionary.
3. Set the original aside and write several key words that come to mind.
There are three ways to refer to outside sources.
Steps 4 to 7
4. Write the ideas in your own words.
5. Add the appropriate reporting verbs.
6. Check your version with the original to make sure your version accurately shows all the essential information in a new form.
7. Use quotation marks to identify any unique term or phraseology you have borrowed exactly from the source.
8. Take a break. :)
9. Check to make sure your paraphrase or summary is accurate. Make sure if it's a summary you are focusing on main ideas. If it's a paraphrase it's focusing on a specific part of the text.
What we will discuss
The difference between a summary, a paraphrase, and a quote.
Why paraphrase and summarize?
How to use reporting verbs to refer to summarizing, paraphrasing, and quotations.
The steps for paraphrasing and summarizing.
Must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source.
Must match the source word for word.
Should be no more than around 20% of what you reference from the article.
Involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s).
Can be used in introductions of essays or when you are synthesizing many ideas.
You may not need to use it in an essay, depends on the purpose of the assignment.
Involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.
Usually the main way you refer to outside sources.
Focuses on a passage of a source, not the main ideas like summarizing.
Why Paraphrase and Summarize?
Why paraphrase and summarize when quoting seems so much easier?
1. The mental process required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original.
2. Helps you explain what you are referring to more concisely.
Paraphrasing and summarizing are difficult, but worth learning!!
Adelaide University Learning Guides Writing Center (2014). Reporting Verbs. Retrieved July 29th, 2014. http://www.adelaide.edu.au/writingcentre/learning_guides/learningGuide_reportingVerbs.pdf
Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL). (2014). Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing. Retrieved July 30th, 2014 from https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/563/01/
Writing "says" repeatedly is boring and not academic. Instead, use reporting verbs.
1.the author’s personal viewpoint,
2. your viewpoint regarding what the author says
3. OR the author’s viewpoint regarding other literature.
To interpret the writer’s ideas accurately, however, you will need to use a verb with the correct
nuance (sense of meaning).
Reporting verbs can be categorized in two ways:
1. Strength of position along with meaning.
2. Grammar Structure.
More information about the words will be in the worksheet.